Filters: Tags: Monitoring 4-Increase Weather Station and Climate Coverage (X)133 results (41ms)
Experiments have been conducted with a regional climate model to indicate the conditions required to generate preferred regions of frontal activity in the Alaskan region. Several objective methods of frontal identification were first investigated. It was found that· the vertical component of relative vorticity,· a thermal front parameter -&nablaB;|&nablaB;Tsub 850] | · n, where Tsub 850] is the 850-hPa temperature and n is a unit vector in the direction of the 850-hPa temperature gradient, and· a parameter derived from the Q vector as a measure of vertical motionwere useful in combination to determine the occurrence of fronts. The preferred locations for frontal activity were located to the southern side of the...
Future changes in intensity and seasonal pattern of occurrence of daily and multi-day annual maximum precipitation over Canada
Summary Daily and multi-day extreme precipitation events can cause important flooding. Assessment of the future evolution of heavy precipitation is therefore crucial in a context of climate change. Simulation results for Canada from the Canadian Global Climate Model (CGCM3) have been analyzed for 1 to 5-day annual maximum (AM) precipitation events over the 1850–2100 period using simulation series from five ensemble members. Trend analysis showed that daily and multi-day intense precipitation series were stationary over the 1850–1980 period while trends emerged during the period 1980–2005. Probabilities of occurrence of AM precipitation for the various months were also estimated. For the historical climate (1850–1980),...
Characteristics of Boreal Winter Total Ozone Distribution in the Northern Hemisphere and Their Relationship with Stratospheric Temperature During Recent 30 Years
The characteristics of spatiotemporal distribution of total ozone have a significant impact on the variabilities of climate and environment. As the increase of the high quality and quantity of total ozone datasets, it is necessary to provide a detailed investigation of spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of total ozone and its relationship with climate variability. Based on the ECMWF global monthly mean total ozone and stratopheric temperature data from 1979 to 2013, the spatiotemporal structure of dominant total ozone pattern in the Northern Hemisphere (north of 20°N) during boreal winter is studied using the rotated empirical orthogonal function (REOF) analysis and Morlet wavelet analysis. Besides, the...
Spatial patterns of lightning strikes in interior Alaska and their relations to elevation and vegetation
Variation in the moisture regime of northeastern interior Alaska and possible linkages to the Aleutian Low: inferences from a late-Holocene dO record
Climate Data Analysis of Existing Weather Stations in around the Central Alaska Network: Including Denali National Park and Preserve, Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, and Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve.
The Central Alaska Network is part of the National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program. It is composed of three national park units: Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Denali National Park and Preserve, and Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve. The Inventory and Monitoring Program is the result of the National Parks Omnibus Management Act, which was passed by Congress in1998. This act directs the National Park Service “to establish baseline [resource] information and to provide information on the long-term trends in the condition of National Park System resources.” The primary goal of the Central Alaska Network is to build a holistic picture of change across the ecosystems of the network...
Mapping the Relationship between Northern Hemisphere Winter Surface Air Temperature and the Madden--Julian Oscillation
[...]building a record of homogeneous historical climate information from such data has necessitated in-depth statistically and physically based corrections of the temperature record after the fact. [...]we are indebted to the time and efforts of the BAMS editor, Art DeGaetano, and the three anonymous reviewers of the paper for helping to improve the overall content, tone, and quality of the paper.
Summer temperatures across northern North America: Regional reconstructions from 1760 using tree-ring densities
Using maximum latewood density data from a network of coniferous trees, annually resolved series of average summer half-year (April?September) temperatures have been reconstructed for three regions of North America: Alaska and the Yukon (ALAYUK), the Mackenzie valley (MACKVA), and Quebec and Labrador (QUEBLA). The reconstructions primarily express temperature variability on interannual-to-decadal timescales and extend over the period from AD 1760. These reconstructions represent an extension of the mean climate history for these regions of over 100 years. The ALAYUK series shows relatively wann summers dominating the 1770s and 1820s. The 1760s, 1810s, 1860s, and 1890s were cold; 1810 was the coldest summer over...
Climatic parameters for building energy applications: A temporal-geospatial assessment of temperature indicators
Understanding the climate and location aspects are usually the first step in energy applications – from buildings to renewable energy. With so many of the renewable energy sources being significantly dependent on weather, it is essential that the temporal and geospatial variability and distribution of climatic design parameters are investigated for effective planning and operation. ASHRAE-HOF is the most widely used climatic design conditions database for building energy and HVAC professionals, but gaps exist in the literature on the geospatial and temporal distributions of the HOF dataset. This research explored geospatial distributions of key HOF (2009) climatic parameters: temperature (dry-bulb, wet-bulb, dew-point...