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Ar/Ar data are reported from minerals and rocks that were collected as part of a mineral resource investigation of the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield districts in Nevada. Data are reported from 92 samples and associated standards from eight separate neutron irradiations in the Denver USGS TRIGA reactor, including separated mineral grains and whole rocks. Data were collected by infrared laser heating of irradiated samples, either incremental heating or fusion, and analysis by multi-collector mass spectrometry. The reported data have been corrected for blanks, radioactive decay, and interfering nucleogenic reactions associated with sample irradiation.
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Neonicotinoids have become the most widely used insecticides in world with rapid growth in applications as seed coatings. Nontarget organisms are exposed to concentrated levels of pesticidal active ingredients through ingestion of treated seeds. To better understand pesticide fate, analytical methods are necessary to rapidly screen and accurately quantitate contaminants in environmental and biological matrices. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is commonly employed for neonicotinoid analyses but requires expensive analytical instrumentation and potentially laborious sample preparation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) are efficient and sensitive alternative methods for neonicotinoid...
The compound 3-amino-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (3-amino-HPAA) reacts with smectite to form a soluble azobenzene arsonic acid compound. This reaction is of particular interest because it provides a possible mechanism for the formation of a new type of arsenic compound in natural water systems. 3-Amino-HPAA is a degradation product excreted by chickens that are fed rations amended with roxarsone. Roxarsone is used to control coccidial intestinal parasites in most of the broiler chickens grown in the United States. The structure of the azobenzene arsonic acid compound was first inferred from negative-ion and positive-ion low-resolution mass-spectrometric analyses of the supernatant of the smectite suspension. Elemental...
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This dataset is related to a 2017 journal article by A. J. Pietruszka and L. A. Neymark titled "Evaluation of laser ablation double-focusing SC-ICPMS for “common” lead isotopic measurements in silicate glasses and minerals" that is published in the Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry (doi:10.1039/c7ja00005g).
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Analysis of biological tissues or direct sources of food may better characterize exposure of non-target organisms to current-use pesticides. Food boluses were collected from tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) nestlings using a non-lethal, ligature method and were composited based on nest. The ligatures, which prevented the bolus from being swallowed, were placed on nestlings for 1 h until samples were collected. Samples in 2016 were collected from nestlings at 6 days and 12 days post-hatch whereas 2018 samples were collected from nestlings at 12 days post-hatch. Furthermore, in 2016 and 2018, insects commonly consumed by tree swallows were collected via sweep net and composited based on suborder (Brachycera, Nematocera,...
An analytical method for the identification of eight plant phytoestrogens (biochanin A, coumestrol, daidzein, equol, formononetin, glycitein, genistein and prunetin) in soy products and wastewater samples was developed using gas chromatography coupled with ion trap mass spectrometry (GC/MS–MS). The phytoestrogens were derivatized as their trimethylsilyl ethers with trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) and N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA). The phytoestrogens were isolated from all samples with liquid–liquid extraction using ethyl acetate. Daidzein-d4 and genistein-d4 labeled standards were used as internal standards before extraction and derivatization. The fragmentation patterns of the phytoestrogens were...
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Groundwater, soil pore water, and surface water were collected in and near wetland P1 in the Cottonwood Lake Study Area, Stutsman County, North Dakota in August 2013. Groundwater was collected from established wells (17, 18, and 22) via peristaltic pump. Surface water was collected from P1 ponded water via grab sample. Soil pore water was collected using drive point samplers and one suction lysimeter. Water samples were analyzed for pH and major ion chemistry.
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This dataset accompanies publication: Minor, S.A., Caine, J.S., Ruleman, C.A., Fridrich, C.J., Chan, C.F., Brandt, T.R., Morgan,L.E., Cosca, M.A., and Grauch, V.J.S., in prep, Geologic map of the Poncha Pass area, Chaffee, Fremont, and Saguache Counties, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map (in revision), 2 plates, 27 ms. p, 1:24,000 scale.
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A multiresidue method for solids (i.e., soil, sediment, sludge) was developed and evaluated for the analysis of pesticides and pesticide degradates. Initially, a well characterized soil was used to determine the recovery of target compounds using an Energized Dispersive Guided Extraction (EDGE) system with two extraction solvents, acetonitrile and 1:1 (v/v) hexane:acetone. Extracts were cleaned using solid-phase extraction (SPE) with graphitized carbon cartridges and three elution solvents, acetonitrile, dichloromethane, and 1:1 (v/v) dichlormethane:ethyl acetate. The individual SPE elutions from the two extraction solvents were analyzed separately via GC-MS/MS and LC-MS/MS for 210 pesticides and pesticide transformation...
Recent advances in mass spectrometry have allowed isotope scientists to precisely determine stable isotope variations in the metallic elements. Biologically influenced and truly inorganic isotope fractionation processes have been demonstrated over the mass range of metals. This Elements issue provides an overview of the application of metal stable isotopes to low-temperature systems, which extend across the borders of several science disciplines: geology, hydrology, biology, environmental science, and biomedicine. Information on instrumentation, fractionation processes, data-reporting terminology, and reference materials presented here will help the reader to better understand this rapidly evolving field.
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Cyanobacteria known to produce cyanotoxins have been reported worldwide. As monitoring efforts have improved, they have been detected in not only freshwater, but also in estuary and marine waters. To assess the occurrence of cyanotoxins and algal toxins in California estuaries, the NOAA MERHAB funded project collected samples monthly from 11 Californian estuary locations, with 5 locations sampled in 2016 as event response. This data release includes liquid chromatography triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) results for 21 cyanotoxins and algal toxins in estuary samples collected from California in 2016-2017.
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This dataset accompanies planned publication 'Lava-ice interactions at late Pleistocene trachyte-basaltic andesite fissure eruptions, Quetrupillán Volcanic Complex (39°30′ S, 71°43′ W), southern Chile', as well as planned future publications on this volcanic complex. The Ar/Ar data and the Pb, Sr, and Nd data are for basalt and trachyte lava flows at Quetrupilla╠ün volcano. The Ar geochronology and isotope geochemistry will aid in the understanding of the timing of eruptive activity and glacial damming of lava flows, and magma source compositions studied in the planned publications. Samples were collected from Quetrupillán volcano by Dave McGarvie (Univ. of Lancaster, UK) and Isla Simmons (Univ. of Edinburgh, UK),...
This data release includes biomarker ratio values calculated from measurements made at the USGS for the reference oil NSO-1 that were reported in a journal article entitled Comparability and reproducibility of biomarker ratio values measured by GC-QQQ-MS (French et al., 2020).
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This dataset was produced from analyzing Affinisep SDB-RPS, Affinisep HLB, and Restek Resprep C18 disks that were deployed with the use of Chemcatcher® passive sampling devices. Silicone bands were also deployed and used for exploring economical methods of sampling for pesticides in surface water. Sampling assemblies were deployed in streams throughout the foothills of the Sierra Nevada range and California's northern Central Valley from 2017 to 2019. Samples were extracted in situ then eluted and concentrated at the Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory in Sacramento, CA. Samples from silicone bands were extracted via agitation in appropriate solvents. Samples were analyzed for a suite of 155 pesticides and degradates...
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Elemental concentrations and stable oxygen and carbon isotope ratios are reported for five mammillary calcite specimens collected from the groundwater-filled fissures Devils Hole and Devils Hole II in the southern Amargosa Desert, south-western Nevada. Previous studies of these specimens yielded oxygen and carbon isotope chronologies of paleoclimatic and paleo hydrologic conditions over an approximately 500,000-year time period as defined by uranium series dates (Winograd and others, 1992, 2006; Landwehr and others, 1997, 2011). The elemental concentration measurements reveal additional chronologies in the mammillary calcite. The specimens were sampled by milling contiguous 0.050-inch-thick layers (1.27 millimeters)...
Cyanobacteria are common in inland water bodies. Many strains are known to produce potent toxins (cyanotoxins) which can impact human and animal health in sufficient concentrations. Lake Elsinore and Canyon Lake are two impaired lakes in California with frequent cyanobacteria blooms that are not monitored for toxin production. These data document the liquid chromatography triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) results for 21 cyanotoxins and algal toxins in 13 cyanobacteria samples collected during bloom events from Lake Elsinore and Canyon Lake (CA, USA) in July, August, and September 2016.
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This dataset accompanies the proposed publication, 'Geochronology and geochemistry of igneous and metasedimentary rocks of northeast Afghanistan: A refinement of the timing and origin of crustal terranes', which focuses on refining the geochronology and geochemistry of these rocks during multiple time periods of accretion, regional metamorphism, and magmatic activity. The analyses were performed from September 2006 to August 2014.
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This dataset accompanies planned publication titled "The Far-Field imprint of the LPIA, its demise, and the onset of a dust-house climate across the Eastern Shelf of the Permian Basin". Zircon ages presented in this dataset are from rocks collected across the eastern margin of the Permian Basin, Texas. The U-Pb zircon ages are used to investigate changes in provenance in this region as a result of a changing hydroclimate and tectonics. Samples were collected from this region by Neil Griffis and Neil Tabor between March 2019 and April 2021. The data were collected at the University of California, Davis and the University of Texas, Austin between April 2019 and August 2021.
The compound 3-amino-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (3-amino-HPAA) reacts with smectite to form a soluble azobenzene arsonic acid compound. This reaction is of particular interest because it provides a possible mechanism for the formation of a new type of arsenic compound in natural water systems. 3-Amino-HPAA is a degradation product excreted by chickens that are fed rations amended with roxarsone. Roxarsone is used to control coccidial intestinal parasites in most of the broiler chickens grown in the United States. The structure of the azobenzene arsonic acid compound was first inferred from negative-ion and positive-ion low-resolution mass-spectrometric analyses of the supernatant of the smectite suspension. Elemental...
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To better understand the potential pesticide exposure, samples were collected from locations along two creeks in Pinnacles National Park and four creeks in nearby Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands. Silicone bands were used as passive sampling devices (PSD) staked in the creek and above in the air (above the water line). Sampling was conducted in the summer from 2019 to 2021. PSDs were deployed for 2 to 4 weeks and sediment was collected once in 2020. PSDs were extracted via sonication with an organic solvent and sediment was extracted via pressurized liquid extraction and solid phase extraction cleanup. Samples were analyzed for 168 pesticides and degradates using both gas and liquid chromatography-tandem mass...


map background search result map search result map Common lead isotopic measurements in silicate glasses and minerals by laser ablation double-focusing SC-ICPMS (2017) Argon data for Poncha Pass Map Chemistry of groundwater, pore water, and surface water near wetland P1 in the Cottonwood Lake Study Area, Sutsman County, ND - August 2013 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield districts, Nevada Current-use pesticides in tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) prey Pesticide detections in streams throughout the foothills of the Sierra Nevada range using passive samplers from 2017 to 2019 Liquid Chromatography Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) analysis of cyanobacteria cultures from Lake Elsinore and Canyon Lake (CA, USA, 2016) for cyanotoxins and algal toxins Liquid Chromatography Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) analysis of cyanotoxins and algal toxins in estuary samples collected from California, USA, in 2016-17 Evaluation of ELISA for the Analysis of Imidacloprid in Plasma, Liver, and Fecal Matter Elemental Concentrations and Carbon and Oxygen Isotope Ratios in Mammillary Calcite from Devils Hole and Devils Hole II, Nevada, USA Quetrupillán Volcanic Complex, southern Chile: Argon age data and Pb, Sr, and Nd isotopic data Concentrations of pesticides in silicone bands as passive samplers and sediment in Pinnacles National Park and Bureau of Land Management lands in San Benito County, California, 2019-2021 U-Pb and Ar-Ar age data and whole rock geochemistry data of igneous and metasedimentary rocks of northeast Afghanistan U-Pb Dataset from late Paleozoic record of the Eastern Shelf of the Permian Basin Multiresidue extraction of current-use pesticides from complex solid matrices using energized dispersive extraction with analysis by gas and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy Multiresidue extraction of current-use pesticides from complex solid matrices using energized dispersive extraction with analysis by gas and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy Chemistry of groundwater, pore water, and surface water near wetland P1 in the Cottonwood Lake Study Area, Sutsman County, ND - August 2013 Liquid Chromatography Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) analysis of cyanobacteria cultures from Lake Elsinore and Canyon Lake (CA, USA, 2016) for cyanotoxins and algal toxins Quetrupillán Volcanic Complex, southern Chile: Argon age data and Pb, Sr, and Nd isotopic data Elemental Concentrations and Carbon and Oxygen Isotope Ratios in Mammillary Calcite from Devils Hole and Devils Hole II, Nevada, USA Argon data for Poncha Pass Map U-Pb Dataset from late Paleozoic record of the Eastern Shelf of the Permian Basin Pesticide detections in streams throughout the foothills of the Sierra Nevada range using passive samplers from 2017 to 2019 U-Pb and Ar-Ar age data and whole rock geochemistry data of igneous and metasedimentary rocks of northeast Afghanistan Liquid Chromatography Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) analysis of cyanotoxins and algal toxins in estuary samples collected from California, USA, in 2016-17 Current-use pesticides in tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) prey Evaluation of ELISA for the Analysis of Imidacloprid in Plasma, Liver, and Fecal Matter