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This dataset contains two feature classes - contacts and map units - digitized from the Atlas of Mars 1:5,000,000 Geologic Series Map Amenthes Area (1979). Geologic structures have been omitted.
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Point file of planetary nomenclature features and attributes
The Coprates quadrangle lies to the east of the Tharsis volcanic complex and the Noctis Labyrinthus tectonic complex. To the north are the plains of Lunae Planum, to the east the vast patches of chaotic terrain and the large sinuous channels that trend northward into Chryse Planitia. On the southwest is the Thaumasia Fossae region of tectonically deformed cratered terrain, to the southeast, the Argyre Basin, the best preserved of the ancient martian impact basins. The geology of the Corpates quadrangle is dominated by the Valles Marineris chasma system, which stretches in an east-southeast direction for about 2,500 km across the quadrangle. Its maximum width is about 600 km from the north rim of Ophir Chasma to...
The Noachis quadrangle is in the ancient cratered highlands of Mars. Craters dominate the surface of the planet in this area; most are of impact origin, some are of volcanic origin, and some are of undetermined origin. Impact craters in the Noachis quadrangle are classified into four groups based on their morphologic characteristics, each group representing a relative age range. Where applicable, superposition relations support relative age determinations based on crater morphology.
Tags: Geology, Mars, Noachis
The Systematic mapping of lava flow units in the Tharsis region has been compiled into a series of 16 maps at 1:2,000,000 scale. This work provides information on the sources and areal extent of the lava flows, on their eruptive sequences and relative ages, and on relations between the flows and geologic structure in the largest, most active tectonic and volcanic province on Mars. Some of the maps were made from controlled Viking photomosaics published as quarter quadrangles in the Atlas of Mars Topographic Series (U.S. Geological Survey, 1979) and tied to the Viking control net. Where these photomosaics were not available, larger scale catalog photomosaics tied to the Mariner 9 control net were used. These maps...
The geology of the Argyre quadrangle of Mars is dominated by the conspicuous Argyre basin, defined by a rim of rugged mountain blocks that surrounds a nearly circular expanse of plains 800 km across. Of the large (greater than 500 km in diameter) basins identified on Mars, Argyre is the best preserved and probably the youngest. Basins appear to be traps for eolian debris and evidently are source areas for some of the dust storms that periodically envelop the planet. The quadrangle lies within the densely cratered province that characterizes the southern hemisphere, contrasting with the sparsely cratered plains generally confined to the northern hemisphere. Northwest of Argyre an outlier of sparsely cratered, ridged...
Tags: Argyre, Geology, Mars
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Volcanoes are among the most imposing and geologically interesting features on Mars. Nearly 60 percent of the planet’s surface is covered by volcanic rocks dating from the Early Noachian to Late Amazonian Epochs (Tanaka and others, 1988). This map of the volcano Apollinaris Patera and surrounding area is one of a series of large-scale (1:500,000) geologic maps initiated by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to investigate areas of particular scientific interest. The areas selected for mapping contain candidate landing sites for future sample-return missions to Mars (fig. 1).
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These geologic and topographic maps show a basin in the Elysium region of Mars that is thought to have been the site of a large paleolake during the most recent period (Amazonian) in Mars' history (Scott and Chapman, 1991b). The basin, referred to as the Elysium basin, extends for more than 2,000 km across the lowland plains. It is important, not only geologically, but because the amount, location, and duration of liquid water that it may have contained would have been critical factors governing the possible origin and survival of life on Mars.
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The geology for this map was compiled using Viking Orbiter images on 1:500,000- scale photomosaics of the Mars Transverse Mercator quadrangles -40262, -40267, and -40272. This map represents a detailed extension of regional geologic mapping of the east Hellas rim (Crown and others 1990, 1992) and is published at 1:1,000,000 scale. The map area is on the east rim of one of the largest impact structures in the Solar System, the ~2,000-km-diameter Hellas basin (fig. 1). Channeled plains, with Dao, Harmakhis, and Reull Valles as the primary drainage features, dominate much of the surface within the map area. Dao Vallis is the downstream extension of Niger Vallis, which originates on the south flank of Hadriaca Patera,...
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CSV files containing measurements of ventifact feature and wind tail orientations, sand flux and wind modeling results.
The northwestern slope valleys region is a prime candidate site for future science-driven Mars exploration because it records Noachian to Amazonian Tharsis development in a region that encapsulates (1) a diverse and temporally extensive stratigraphic record, (2) at least three distinct paleohydrologic regimes, (3) gargantuan structurally controlled flood valleys that generally correspond with gravity and magnetic anomalies, possibly marking ancient magnetized rock materials exposed by fluvial activity, (4) water enrichment, as indicated by Mars Odyssey and impact crater analyses, (5) long-lived magma and ground water/ice interactions that could be favorable for the development and sustenance of life, and (6) potential...
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This geologic map of Mars was compiled largely from Mariner-9-based 1:5,000,000-scale geologic maps prepared by several authors. However, many of the geologic units of the larger scale maps have been combined and revised to provide continuity of portrayal so that this map expresses our own concepts as well as those of the mappers at the larger scale.
Two principal physiographic province of Mars are represented in the Aeolis quadrangle: (1) Elysium Planitia in the north is part of a broad planet-encircling belt of relatively young lowland plains, and (2) cratered highlands in the south consist of rough primitive terrain that extends to polar deposits around the southern ice cap (Condit and Soderblom, 1978; Scott and Carr, 1978). These two terrains are separated by an irregular discontinuous northwest-trending scarp that becomes less conspicuous and more segmented toward the east part of the map area. Two large channels transect the highlands; they widen northward downslope and have other features characteristic of terrestrial river beds. However, no fans or deltaic...
Tags: Aeolis, Geology, Mars
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Since the 1970's, when the Mariner 9 spacecraft revealed the geologic diversity of Mars, the Chryse Planitia region has been noted for its immense outflow channels and chaotic terrain (McCauley and others, 1972; Sharp and Malin, 1975; Baker, 1982, chap. 3; Mars Channel Working Group, 1983). Various proposals for the origin of these features have been offered; most workers have favored a mechanism in which ground water or water-rich debris was expelled from beneath a frozen crust, leading to catastrophic debris flows or floods that may have contained significant amounts of ice (Baker and Milton, 1974; Carr, 1979; Nummedal and Prior, 1981; Lucchitta, 1982; MacKinnon and Tanaka, 1989). The channels originated on or...
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Information from USGS Public Information Office, PIO No. 78-77 release statement, dated July 19, 1978: First Geological Map of Mars. Dr. David H., Scott, geologist at the U.S. Geologicla Survey's Center of Astrogeology, Flagstaff, Arizona, points to the first geologic map of the entire surface of the planet Mars. The full color map show the distribution of the various kinds of rock materials, landforms, and structures - mountains, craters, plains, channels, canyons, faults, and fractures - that characterize the planet, and covers a total area of about 55,700,000 square miles or more than 18 times the area of the conterminous (48) United States at a scale of 1:25,000,000 (1 inch to about 400 miles). The map was...
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GIS project files and imagery data required to complete the Introduction to Planetary Image Analysis and Geologic Mapping in ArcGIS Pro tutorial. These data cover the area in and around Jezero crater, Mars.
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The Systematic mapping of lava flow units in the Tharsis region has been compiled into a series of 16 maps at 1:2,000,000 scale. This work provides information on the sources and areal extent of the lava flows, on their eruptive sequences and relative ages, and on relations between the flows and geologic structure in the largest, most active tectonic and volcanic province on Mars. Some of the maps were made from controlled Viking photomosaics published as quarter quadrangles in the Atlas of Mars Topographic Series (U.S. Geological Survey, 1979) and tied to the Viking control net. Where these photomosaics were not available, larger scale catalog photomosaics tied to the Mariner 9 control net were used. These maps...
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The Systematic mapping of lava flow units in the Tharsis region has been compiled into a series of 16 maps at 1:2,000,000 scale. This work provides information on the sources and areal extent of the lava flows, on their eruptive sequences and relative ages, and on relations between the flows and geologic structure in the largest, most active tectonic and volcanic province on Mars. Some of the maps were made from controlled Viking photomosaics published as quarter quadrangles in the Atlas of Mars Topographic Series (U.S. Geological Survey, 1979) and tied to the Viking control net. Where these photomosaics were not available, larger scale catalog photomosaics tied to the Mariner 9 control net were used. These maps...
The Mare Tyrrhenum quadrangle is bounded by lat 0° and 30° S. and long 225° W. and 270° W. The central part of the quadrangle is dominated by Tyrrhena Patera, a large shield volcano, and associated low-albedo ridged plains that probably are basaltic lava flows similar to the lunar maria. The western, northern, and eastern margins of the quadrangle are located in cratered terrains of higher elevation. The great Hellas Basin is located to the southwest of the mapped area, and the central part of the quadrangle contains a number of arcuate scarps, faults, and ridges that appear to be concentric to Hellas. The southwestern part of the quadrangle contains patches of old knobby terrain that may by ejecta and structurally...
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Published geologic maps of south polar region of Mars have been based on either Mariner 9 (Condit Soderblom, 1978; Scott and Carr, 1978) or Viking Orbiter (Tanaka and Scott, 1987) images. The mapped extent of the southern layered deposits differs in many places on these maps and on our maps. These differences reflect the difficulty in accurately determining the location of the contact between the layered deposits and subjacent units. The polar layered deposit gradually thin toward their margin in many places, and the smooth surface features that characterize the layered deposits are also found on other sedimentary blankets in the south polar region (Murray and others, 1972; Sharp, 1973).


map background search result map search result map Geologic Map of the Amenthes Quadrangle of Mars Map showing lava flows in the southeast part of the Phoenicis Lacus Quadrangle of Mars Map showing lava flows in the northeast part of the Phaethontis Quadrangle of Mars Geologic map of science study area 8, Apollinaris Patera region of Mars Geologic and topographic maps of the Elysium Paleolake basin, Mars Geologic/geomorphologic map of the Chryse Planitia region of Mars Geologic map of the Dao, Harmakhis, and Reull Valles region of Mars Geologic map of science study area 8, Apollinaris Patera region of Mars Geologic map of the Dao, Harmakhis, and Reull Valles region of Mars Map showing lava flows in the southeast part of the Phoenicis Lacus Quadrangle of Mars Map showing lava flows in the northeast part of the Phaethontis Quadrangle of Mars Geologic Map of the Amenthes Quadrangle of Mars Geologic/geomorphologic map of the Chryse Planitia region of Mars Geologic and topographic maps of the Elysium Paleolake basin, Mars