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Spatial heterogeneity may have differential effects on the distribution of native and nonnative plant species richness. We examined the effects of spatial heterogeneity on native and nonnative plant species richness distributions in the central part of Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, USA. Spatial heterogeneity around vegetation plots was characterized using landscape metrics, environmental/topographic variables (slope, aspect, elevation, and distance from stream or river), and soil variables (nitrogen, clay, and sand). The landscape metrics represented five components of landscape heterogeneity and were measured at four spatial extents (within varying radii of 120, 240, 480, and 960 m) using the FRAGSTATS...
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The spatial context of invasions is increasingly recognized as important for the success and efficiency of management actions. This information can be key for managing invasive grasses that threaten native ecosystems. We calculated landscape metrics and circuit-based centrality for invasive grasses using a source input raster of weighted-average annual herbaceous cover from 2016-2018 (Maestas et al. 2020, 30 meter resolution) in the Great Basin, USA. This shapefile data product includes the summarized landscape metrics and connectivity metrics for 15 kilometer grid cells (n = 2408) across the Great Basin, USA. Metrics for each grid cell include: mean patch area (area_mn), class area (ca), number of patches (np),...
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We investigated butterfly responses to plot-level characteristics (plant species richness, vegetation height, and range in NDVI [normalized difference vegetation index]) and spatial heterogeneity in topography and landscape patterns (composition and configuration) at multiple spatial scales. Stratified random sampling was used to collect data on butterfly species richness from seventy-six 20 � 50 m plots. The plant species richness and average vegetation height data were collected from 76 modified-Whittaker plots overlaid on 76 butterfly plots. Spatial heterogeneity around sample plots was quantified by measuring topographic variables and landscape metrics at eight spatial extents (radii of 300, 600 to 2,400 m)....
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Conclusions: The proportion of wetlands in the watershed at different scales affects dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations in downstream lakes and rivers. Thresholds/Learnings: Synopsis: This study quantifies how the proportion of wetlands in the watershed at different scales affects dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations in downstream lakes and rivers. Whether the watershed influence varies with season or hydrologic type of lake was also examined. The scaling and modelling approach used offered a useful way to examine heterogeneity of land cover types within the watershed and spatial arrangements, while allowing generality of conclusions with a large sample size. Zones of increasing distance from...
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This USGS data release contains station and laboratory method information and geospatial information, as well as concentration results for inorganic and organic compounds and bioluminescent yeast estrogen screen and transgenic zebrafish embryo estrogren bioassay, analyzed at 38 sites in 25 states as part of the Chemical Mixtures and Environmental Effects Pilot Study, 2012-2014.


    map background search result map search result map Effects of spatial heterogeneity on butterfly species richness in Rocky Mountain National Park, CO, USA Landscape indictors of human impacts to riverine systems Inorganic and organic concentration data collected from 38 streams in the United States, 2012-2014, with supporting data, as part of the Chemical Mixtures and Environmental Effects Pilot Study Landscape and connectivity metrics based on invasive annual grass cover from 2016-2018 summarized at 15 kilometer grid cells in the Great Basin, USA Effects of spatial heterogeneity on butterfly species richness in Rocky Mountain National Park, CO, USA Landscape and connectivity metrics based on invasive annual grass cover from 2016-2018 summarized at 15 kilometer grid cells in the Great Basin, USA Inorganic and organic concentration data collected from 38 streams in the United States, 2012-2014, with supporting data, as part of the Chemical Mixtures and Environmental Effects Pilot Study Landscape indictors of human impacts to riverine systems