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A content analysis of PCMB meeting minutes from its first meeting to 1993 reveals a repeated pattern of communication in which Native hunters pose questions about the need for caribou research requiring the use of aircraft and collars and the handling of animals, and a response by agency managers to inform community residents about the value of collars in science and/or demonstrating their application. Never discussed openly at PCMB meetings was what the Gwich'in regard as a negotiated order of power-sharing arrangement between Gwich'in and caribou, established in the time before there was time, nunh ttrotsit ultsui gwuno (when the earth was first made), when caribou were people and people were caribou. As told...
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There is a trend towards development of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park to accomodate increased visitor use and to generate additional tourism revenue for the state of Alaska. Master planning should be utilized in setting Park goals, zoning areas for visitor use and wilderness, and ensuring that developments do not erode the conservation values of the Park. Specifically, information on grizzly bears should be incorporated carefully into planning recreational facilities in order to avoid important grizzly bear habitats. Fundamental measures designed to minimize bear-human conflicts should include management of human food and garbage; public education on bears; monitoring of bear data; problem bear control; planning...
The original Management Plan for the Wilderness Preserve and Habitat Protection Area was approved in 2004 by the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, North Yukon Renewable Resources Council, and Yukon Government. This updated version of the plan was reviewed, edited and approved by the members of the Committee of Management Agencies, with representatives from Vuntut Gwitchin Government, North Yukon Renewable Resources Council, Yukon Government and Fisheries and Oceans Canada. The content of the plan has been updated, but no substantive changes were made during this review. A full review of the management plan will occur after five seasons of commercial bear viewing operations. As of September 2010, three seasons of operation...
The Alaska Species Ranking System (ASRS) was developed as a tool to assist the Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) Wildlife Diversity Program and their partners with setting priorities for wildlife conservation as they move forward to implement Alaska’s Wildlife Action Plan and meet the conservation needs of Alaska’s wildlife. The ASRS provides a procedure for evaluating the status of terrestrial vertebrate taxa in Alaska with ranking criteria that are transparent and repeatable and results in outputs that can be used in a variety of ways for determining specific species and groups of species to focus conservation efforts on. We modified the Millsap et al. (1990) ranking system developed by the Florida Game...
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In 1994, the Alaska Legislature passed legislation directing the Board of Game to identify big game prey populations where "intensive management" (IM) would be used to attain and sustain high levels of harvest. The IM law specifically provides for active management of predators and habitat, but thus to mention that antlerless hunts are key to achieving high levels of harvest. We discuss IM for moose in Game Management Unit (GMU) 20A through 2005, because GMU 20A has a unique history of predator management and currently supports the highest moose density for any equivalent-sized area in Alaska. Moose numbers in GMU 20A exceeded the IM population objectives beginning in 1999, but the IM harvest objectives were not...
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Background Elucidating geographic locations from where migratory birds are recruited into adult breeding populations is a fundamental but largely elusive goal in conservation biology. This is especially true for species that breed in remote northern areas where field-based demographic assessments are logistically challenging. Methodology/Findings Here we used hydrogen isotopes (δD) to determine natal origins of migrating hatch-year lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) harvested by hunters in the United States from all North American flyways during the hunting seasons of 1999-2000 (n = 412) and 2000-2001 (n = 455). We combined geospatial, observational, and analytical data sources, including known scaup breeding range,...
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To conserve woodland caribou, resource managers and biologists must understand the processes governing movements and distribution of those animals. I employed a scale-explicit approach to understand some of the mechanisms influencing caribou behaviour. I trailed caribou in forested and alpine habitats and recorded attributes of feeding sites and patches. At larger scales, I used GPS collars to record the movements of caribou. At the scale of the feeding site, caribou cratered at locations with lower snow depths and greater amounts of a variety of terrestrial lichen species. Following increases in snow depth, hardness, and density, caribou in the forest fed more frequently at trees with abundant arboreal lichens....
The National Wildlife Refuge System in the United States includes about 150 million acres of lands and waters within 550 refuges managed for conservation. A variety of laws, regulations, and management polices help ensure these areas will be preserved for future generations. In a web-based survey, 35 refuges reported having established populations of moose (A ices alces) within their boundaries with nearly 40 million acres of moose habitat, 99% in Alaska. The 4 recognized sub-species of moose in North America were represented on refuges found in 12 states. Approximately 39,000 moose were reported inhabiting refuges in the USA; about 38,000 in Alaska. Only 9 refuges used management practices specifically to benefit...
The NRC report reached 17 conclusions and associated recommendations, most of which urged that predator management efforts have a more cautious, research-based, conservative, experimental, and adaptive approach that included public involvement and economic evaluations (NRC 1997). MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS Because predator reduction in Alaska has been mandated by a state statute since 1994, ADFG biologists who may be concerned about the widespread nature of efforts to reduce grizzly bear abundance have limited ability to change management direction or emphasis.
Active geomorphic fans experience debris flows, debris floods and/or floods (hydrogeomorphic processes) that can be hazards to humans. Grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) can also be a hazard to humans. This paper presents the results of a cross-disciplinary study that analyzed both hydrogeomorphic and grizzly bear hazards to wilderness campers on geomorphic fans along a popular hiking trail in Kluane National Park and Reserve in southwestern Yukon Territory, Canada. Based on the results, a method is proposed to reduce the risks to campers associated with camping on fans. The method includes both landscape and site scales and is based on easily understood and readily available information regarding weather, vegetation,...
Background Elucidating geographic locations from where migratory birds are recruited into adult breeding populations is a fundamental but largely elusive goal in conservation biology. This is especially true for species that breed in remote northern areas where field-based demographic assessments are logistically challenging. Methodology/Findings Here we used hydrogen isotopes (δD) to determine natal origins of migrating hatch-year lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) harvested by hunters in the United States from all North American flyways during the hunting seasons of 1999-2000 (n = 412) and 2000-2001 (n = 455). We combined geospatial, observational, and analytical data sources, including known scaup breeding range,...


map background search result map search result map Moose: Competing and Complementary Values Intensive Management of Moose at High Density: Impediments, Achievements, and Recommendations A multi-scale behavioural approach to understanding the movements of woodland caribou Caribou Hunters and Researchers at the Co-management Interface: Emergent Dilemmas and the Dynamics of Legitimacy in Power Sharing Preliminary Wrangell-St Elias National Park & Preserve Bear Management Plan Overview (Discussion Points) Identifying and Evaluating Techniques for Wildlife Habitat Management in Interior Alaska: Moose Range Assessment Bear-human conflict management plan A multi-scale behavioural approach to understanding the movements of woodland caribou Intensive Management of Moose at High Density: Impediments, Achievements, and Recommendations Bear-human conflict management plan Preliminary Wrangell-St Elias National Park & Preserve Bear Management Plan Overview (Discussion Points) Caribou Hunters and Researchers at the Co-management Interface: Emergent Dilemmas and the Dynamics of Legitimacy in Power Sharing Identifying and Evaluating Techniques for Wildlife Habitat Management in Interior Alaska: Moose Range Assessment Moose: Competing and Complementary Values