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The Fox River transports elevated loads of nitrogen and phosphorus to Lake Michigan. The increased concentration of N and P causes eutrophication of the lake, creating hypoxic zones and damaging the lake ecosystem.To decrease loading, best management practices (BMPs) have been implemented in the uplands of the basin. Little work has been done, however, to reduce nutrient concentrations in the river. Rivers are capable of removing nutrients through biotic uptake and sediment burial and are able to remove N through denitrification. Identifying and managing these locations of increased nutrient cycling known as “hot spots” may be another mechanism for nutrient mitigation.Our objective was to identify hot spots of N...
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This dataset provides results of a targeted bacterial community metagenomic analysis of surface water, groundwater, and sand samples at Jeorse Park on Lake Michigan in East Chicago, Indiana. Seventy-two samples were collected from 6 sites in 2017. Samples were analyzed for the 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene (the S in 16S refers to the rate of sedimentation, in Svedberg units, of the RNA molecule in a centrifugal field), and one sample was excluded because it produced too few reads. The 16S rRNA gene is the most conserved of three rRNA genes (16S, 23S, and 5S) and is considered the most reliable for identification and taxonomic classification of bacterial species (Bouchet and others, 2008). Taxonomic analysis...
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Aging infrastructure is creating a pressing national need to align priorities between civil engineering and other interests. Restoring ecological connectivity of river networks that are fragmented by dams and road crossings has become a prominent objective for environmental managers across the country. A mature decision-support framework and newly available data on the condition of dams throughout the Lake Michigan basin offer unique opportunities to test for potential cost-efficiency gains from sharing the costs of removing decrepit dams between environmental and engineering organizations. At sites where these interests align, genuine win-win scenarios could advance both ecological connectivity and infrastructure...
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These data describe the catch and biological data from 363 bottom-set gill-net lifts distributed throughout Lake Michigan (including main basin and Green Bay) between April and November in 1930–1932. Data collected from the R/V Fulmar were recorded in notebooks and are now archived at the U.S. Geological Survey’s Great Lakes Science Center. Each lift included 1–7 gangs of linen gill nets. Each gang comprised 3–5 panels each having a length of 155 m, a height of 1.5 m, and a (stretch-)mesh size of either 60, 64, 67, 70, or 76 mm. The digitization of the Fulmar data notebooks was started in the late 1990s and finished in this study.
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This dataset describes the hydrogeomorphic structure and lake-tributary mixing in three intermediate-sized Lake Michigan rivermouths: Ford River, Manitowoc River, and Pere Marquette River. Data were collected from May to October 2011. Water chemistry variables were measured with a multiparameter sonde along longitudinal, lateral, and vertical transects. Magnesium, boron, and stable water isotope concentrations were also determined from grab water samples at particular depths.
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This dataset describes the quantity, morphology, and polymer identity of microplastics in the water column and surficial sediments of Milwaukee-Area streams, the Milwaukee Harbor, and Lake Michigan (Wisconsin). Water samples were collected at 10 locations, 2-4 times each, from May to September, 2016. At the 4 shallowest locations, water was collected only at the water surface. At the remaining 6 locations, water was collected at the water surface and at 1-4 depths below the surface. Sediment samples were collected once, in June 2016, at a subset of 9 locations. Sampling and analysis methods are described in the Processing Steps section of the metadata. These data are interpreted in the following journal article:...
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This dataset describes the quantity, morphology, concentration and polymer identity of microplastics in surficial benthic sediment of Lake Michigan and Lake Erie. Lake Michigan sediment samples were collected at 20 locations in September, 2013 and Lake Erie sediment samples were collected at 12 locations in September, 2014 while on-board the R.V. Lake Guardian. Sampling and analysis methods are described in the Processing Steps section of the metadata.
Text files containing data regarding attributes of lake trout egg thiamine concentrations from sites in lakes Huron and Michigan collected during 2019-20, sampling site locations and quality assurance quality control values for comparison to previous years (2017-18) lake trout egg thiamine concentrations.
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All gillnet data represented here expand upon vessel operations (OP table) data, all of which are collected by the United States Geological Survey, Great Lakes Science Center and its partners. The Gillnet Tables contain data collected from the research vessel deploying various gear used for gillnet data collection. The database uses sample_type to indicate the gear deployed. The tables relating to Gillnet are: GN_Annulus.csv, GN_Catch.csv, GN_Effort.csv, GN_Fish.csv, GN_L, GN_LF.csv, GN_OP.csv, GN_Prey.csv, GN_Stomach.csv, LMMB_Fish_Prey.csv, and LMMB_Invert_Prey.csv Data Quality: Note that the following data release is a snapshot of the database at the time of release. Some data quality checks are still being...
Categories: Data; Tags: Alewife, Bathythermograph, Benthos, Bloater, Cisco, All tags...
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These data contain observation and null polygons for waterfowl aerial surveys of Lake Michigan collected through the years 2009-2014. Polygons were created adjacent to either side of the flight lines (transects). The right and left offset of the polygons from the flight path, was determined using the average altitude of the plane along the transect and the observation angle through the plane’s window. Observed birds were counted and identified by species. This count data was attributed to the polygon closest to the point along the transect where the observation occurred, and on the side of the plane in which the observation took place. The point data represent counts where each point represents a single species....
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This topobathymetric digital elevation model (TBDEM) mosaic represents the topography and bathymetry for the Milwaukee River Estuary in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and adjacent terrestrial and Lake Michigan nearshore coastal areas. The TBDEM was produced in support of modeling and for developing a physical habitat framework to help with understanding the effects from multidirectional currents and seiche effects associated with the mixing of river flows with Lake Michigan backwater. The TBDEM mosaic is built off existing terrestrial, nearshore, and estuary frameworks developed for other areas around the Great Lakes and the Milwaukee River Harbor. Ranging from 2008-2015, land elevations derived from lidar and historic topographic...
Coastal and estuarian wetlands in the Great Lakes Basin are increasingly impacted by habitat degradation, invasive species, and most recently (late 2010's), increased water levels. These wetlands act as an important buffer between the open lake and the near-shore areas, as key areas for nutrient cycling, as critical nurseries for many species of lake fish, and as habitat for numerous species of concern. Understanding how the cover and composition of these wetlands has changed over time is critical to making informed management decisions. By using both historical documents and imagery, multiple historic maps of wetland coverage were created in GIS to compare over time and to current maps and imagery of these critical...
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This dataset consists of concentration and isotopic data for a method designed to isolate and analyze methylmercury. Several matrices (lab-based, and natural) were tested to ensure that the method was capable of recovering methylmercury amendments. Additionally, natural matrices (plankton and sediment) with ambient methylmercury were also analyzed to ensure that the method could be successfully applied to natural matrices. Separation tests for sediment, water, and biotic matrices showed acceptable recoveries (98 ± 5%, n = 54) and reproducible δ202Hg isotope results (2SD < 0.15 ‰) down to 5 ng of MeHg. This dataset is part of a complimentary paper published in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-019-02277-0)...
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All mensuration data represented here expand upon vessel operations (OP table) data, all of which are collected by the United States Geological Survey, Great Lakes Science Center and its partners. The Mensuration Tables contain data collected from the research vessel deploying various gear used for mensuration data collection. The database uses sample_type to indicate the gear deployed. The tables relating to Mensuration are: Mensuration.csv, MS_head_rope_depth.csv, MS_FOOT_ROPE_DEPTH, MS_Primary.csv, MS_Temperature.csv, and MS_Wingspread.csv Data Quality: Note that the following data release is a snapshot of the database at the time of release. Some data quality checks are still being undertaken after the time...
Categories: Data; Tags: Alewife, Bathythermograph, Benthos, Bloater, Cisco, All tags...
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Adult walleye (10 females and 10 males) were caught in Fox River (Wisconsin) during April 2014. Total length, weight, and age were determined for each of the walleye. Whole-fish homogenates were prepared during 2017. Lipid concentration and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congener concentrations were determined in each of the homogenates during 2017-2018. For each sample, PCB congener concentrations were summed to yield total PCB concentration. All lipid and PCB congener terminations were made at the University of Michigan School of Public Health in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
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Avian botulism toxicity is a common cause of death to water and shore birds that live near or migrate through Lake Michigan. The botulism neuro-toxin type E (bontE) gene is responsible for the production of botulinum neurotoxin type E. Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) was performed using a Step One Plus Thermocycler (Applied Biosystems) and protocol described in Getchell and others, 2011, Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. The assay was used to assess microbial community DNA obtained from environmental samples that were collected by Great Lakes Science Center and by National Park Service from 2011 to 2014 for the bontE gene. Samples were obtained by ponar grab or by divers and matrices collected...
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Twenty-eight sites that consisted of either predominantly agricultural land in the watershed, predominantly agricultural land in the watershed with natural land cover in the riparian zone, or predominantly natural land cover in the watershed were sampled three times during the growing season.
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These data were collected as part of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) project template 678-1 entitled “Evaluate immediate and long-term BMP effectiveness of GLRI restoration efforts at urban beaches on Southern and Western Lake Michigan”. This project is evaluating the effectiveness of projects that are closely associated with restoration of local habitat and contact recreational activities at two GLRI funded sites in Southern Lake Michigan and one non-GLRI site in Western Lake Michigan. Evaluation of GLRI projects will assess whether goals of recipients are on track and identify any developing unforeseen consequences. Including a third, non-GLRI project site in the evaluation allows comparison between...
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Real-time PCR results of a round robin evaluation of 5 assays that target dreissenid mussel DNA. Water samples collected from waters with and without dreissenid mussels were analyzed using these five assays in four USGS laboratories. Samples from waters without dreissenid mussels were spiked with known amounts of dreissend DNA.


map background search result map search result map Bathymetric Soundings in Lake Michigan at 63rd Street Beach (2016) Optimization at the infrastructure-connectivity nexus: boosting cost-efficiency of restoration using dam condition data for Lake Michigan Avian Botulism qPCR data, Leelanau Peninsula, Michigan. Years 2011-2014 Metagenomics analysis of groundwater, surface water, and sand samples at Jeorse Park in East Chicago, Indiana, 2017 Polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in adult walleye from the Fox River (Wisconsin) population, 2014 Great Lakes Research Vessel Operations 1958-2018: Gillnet. (ver. 3.0, April 2019) Great Lakes Research Vessel Operations 1958-2018: Mensuration. (ver. 3.0, April 2019) Microplastics in the water column and sediment in Milwaukee-Area streams, the Milwaukee Harbor, and Lake Michigan, 2016 Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Project 49 Fox River Basin 2016 and 2017 Data Microplastics in the surficial benthic sediment from Lake Michigan and Lake Erie, 2013 and 2014 Isolation of Methylmercury Using Distillation and Anion-Exchange Chromatography for Isotopic Analyses in Natural Matrices Data Release PCR results from dreissenid mussel round robin assay analyses, 2018-2019 Hydrogeochemical Mixing data from Lake Michigan Tributaries 2011 1930-1932 Gill net data from Lake Michigan Topobathymetric Digital Elevation Model (TBDEM) of the Milwaukee River Estuary, Milwaukee, Wisconsin and adjacent terrestrial and Lake Michigan nearshore coastal areas Great Lakes Restoration Initiative: Fox River Basin 2018 Data Lake Michigan Sea Duck Survey 2009-2014 Thiamine concentrations in lake trout eggs collected from the Great Lakes in 2019-20 Bathymetric Soundings in Lake Michigan at 63rd Street Beach (2016) Metagenomics analysis of groundwater, surface water, and sand samples at Jeorse Park in East Chicago, Indiana, 2017 Topobathymetric Digital Elevation Model (TBDEM) of the Milwaukee River Estuary, Milwaukee, Wisconsin and adjacent terrestrial and Lake Michigan nearshore coastal areas Avian Botulism qPCR data, Leelanau Peninsula, Michigan. Years 2011-2014 Microplastics in the water column and sediment in Milwaukee-Area streams, the Milwaukee Harbor, and Lake Michigan, 2016 Great Lakes Restoration Initiative: Fox River Basin 2018 Data Polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations in adult walleye from the Fox River (Wisconsin) population, 2014 Hydrogeochemical Mixing data from Lake Michigan Tributaries 2011 Isolation of Methylmercury Using Distillation and Anion-Exchange Chromatography for Isotopic Analyses in Natural Matrices Data Release Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Project 49 Fox River Basin 2016 and 2017 Data Optimization at the infrastructure-connectivity nexus: boosting cost-efficiency of restoration using dam condition data for Lake Michigan 1930-1932 Gill net data from Lake Michigan Lake Michigan Sea Duck Survey 2009-2014 Thiamine concentrations in lake trout eggs collected from the Great Lakes in 2019-20 Microplastics in the surficial benthic sediment from Lake Michigan and Lake Erie, 2013 and 2014 Great Lakes Research Vessel Operations 1958-2018: Gillnet. (ver. 3.0, April 2019) Great Lakes Research Vessel Operations 1958-2018: Mensuration. (ver. 3.0, April 2019) PCR results from dreissenid mussel round robin assay analyses, 2018-2019