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Interactions and feedbacks between abundant surface waters and permafrost fundamentally shapelowland Arctic landscapes. Sublake permafrost is maintained when the maximum ice thickness (MIT) exceedslake depth and mean annual bed temperatures (MABTs) remain below freezing. However, decliningMIT since the1970s is likely causing talik development below shallow lakes. Here we show high-temperature sensitivity towinter ice growth at the water-sediment interface of shallow lakes based on year-round lake sensor data.Empirical model experiments suggest that shallow (1m depth) lakes have warmed substantially over the last30years (2.4°C), withMABT above freezing5 of the last 7years.This is incomparison to slower ratesofwarming...
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Ice breakup dates of Chequamegon Bay, Lake Superior from 1911 to 2020 were compiled by Lori Evrard (USGS, GLSC, Lake Superior Biological Station, Ashland, WI). Ice breakup date is the day in spring when winter ice cover substantially leaves a water body. Local residents deem "ice breakup" as when the ice moves northeast of a line straight across Chequamegon Bay out from Ellis Avenue (State highway 13). Another way ice breakup was determined has been if you could drive a boat from the outlet of Fish Creek to Houghton Point. The ice may move back and forth over that line but the ice is breaking up, moving and melting from that date on. Ellis Avenue ends on a bluff (46.5925 degrees North, 90.8827 degrees West) that...
This project provides a better understanding how linkages among surface-water availability, connectivity, and temperature mediate habitat and trophic dynamics of the Fish Creek Watershed (FCW). These interrelated processes form a shifting mosaic of freshwater habitats across the landscape that can be classified, mapped, understood, and modeled in response to past and future climate and land-use change in a spatial and temporal context. Developing scenarios of freshwater habitat change in this context provides managers and scientists with a flexible template to evaluate a range of potential responses to climate and land-use change. Applying this approach in the FCW is made feasible because of the availability of...


map background search result map search result map FishCAFE: Response of an Arctic Freshwater Ecosystem to Climate and Land-use Change Threshold sensitivity of shallow Arctic lakes and sublake permafrost to changing winter climate Historical Ice Breakup Dates for Chequamegon Bay, Lake Superior, 1911 to 2020 (ver. 3.0, June 2020) Historical Ice Breakup Dates for Chequamegon Bay, Lake Superior, 1911 to 2020 (ver. 3.0, June 2020) FishCAFE: Response of an Arctic Freshwater Ecosystem to Climate and Land-use Change Threshold sensitivity of shallow Arctic lakes and sublake permafrost to changing winter climate