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Density estimates of four mammal species in the upper subalpine and alpine zones of the Sierra Nevada range, 2008 - 2012. The estimates were derived from variable distance data collected 3-4 per year along each of 21 transects (10 km in length). The transects were randomly selected from a pool of 53 potential routes. Nine transects were sampled in 2008, 12 were sampled in 2009, 19 were sampled in 2010, 21 were sampled in 2011, and 17 were sampled in 2012. All counts were done in July and August each year. Replicate samples within a given year were done within 2-8 days of each other. All counts were done by single observers. The spreadsheet has six worksheets, including three with density estimates for each species...
These data are associated with an article published in Global Ecology and Conservation (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01173) that describes climate's cascading effects on disease, predation, and hatching sucess in the Yosemite toad (Anaxyrus canorus). The Yosemite toad currently is federally listed as threatened under the U.S. Endanered Species Act based upon reported population declines and vulnerability to climate and other global-change factors. The species occurs only in California’s central Sierra Nevada at medium to sub-alpine elevations. Lands throughout its range largely are protected from development, but climate and other global-change factors potentially can limit populations.
Density estimates of four mammal species in the upper subalpine and alpine zones of the Sierra Nevada range, 2008 - 2012. The estimates were derived from variable distance data collected 3-4 times per year at point count stations randomly located along line transects. There were 21 transects (10 km in length) that had been randomly selected from a pool of 53 potential routes, with 10 point count stations along each transect (minimum of 200 m spacing between stations). 45 stations were sampled in 2008 (5 stations on each of 9 transects), 60 stations were sampled in 2009 (5 stations on each of 12 transects),190 stations were sampled in 2010 (10 stations on each of 19 transects), 210 stations were sampled in 2011 (10...
We produced this data set as part of a larger, integrated study to assess the statuses of populations of Anaxyrus canorus and the causes of observed effects on fitness at field sites, primarily in Yosemite National Park near Tioga Pass, from 1996 to 2001. To assess and document the depths to the tops of individual A. canorus and Pseudacris regilla egg masses and to the sediments, we measured water depths at masses of both species. We used a meter stick to measure the depth (nearest mm) where female A. canorus deposited individual egg masses, and the distance from the water’s surface to the tops of those masses, at several breeding sites across 1996, 1998, 1999, and 2000. We did the same for egg masses of P. regilla...
We produced this data set as part of a larger, integrated study to assess the statuses of populations of Anaxyrus canorus and the causes of observed effects on fitness at field sites, primarily in Yosemite National Park near Tioga Pass, from 1996 to 2001. ENCLOSURES We used field enclosures to test the hypothesis that exposure to ambient UV-B caused embryo mortality in 1996 and 1998. We covered the top of each enclosure with one or two types of thin plastic sheeting. One type was transparent to the solar spectrum. The other type filtered UV-B below 314 nm (UV-B<314) but was otherwise transparent to solar radiation. Laying both types together over the top of an enclosure did not alter the transmission characteristics...
We produced this data set as part of a larger, integrated study to assess the statuses of populations of Anaxyrus canorus and the causes of observed effects on fitness at field sites, primarily in Yosemite National Park near Tioga Pass, from 1996 to 2001. We assessed the extent of annual mortality among embryos of A. canorus and Pseudacris regilla variously among breeding sites and years by measuring hatching success in as many individual egg masses as possible, given logistical constraints, at sites we surveyed annually from 1996 to 2000. We visually evaluated each individual embryo in an egg mass in situ while kneeling alongside it immediately before, at, or very soon after hatching (when individual capsules remained...
We produced this data set as part of a larger, integrated study to assess the statuses of populations of Anaxyrus canorus and the causes of observed effects on fitness at field sites, primarily in Yosemite National Park near Tioga Pass, from 1996 to 2001. To assess embryo mortality, we visually evaluated each individual embryo in an egg mass in situ while kneeling alongside it immediately before, at, or very soon after hatching (when individual capsules remained from hatched embryos and when any remnants of dead embryos typically still were visible). We did not assess mortality in any egg masses that had deteriorated too far to evaluate embryos. In 2001, a limited number of field personnel caused us to estimate...
We produced this data set as part of a larger, integrated study to assess the statuses of populations of Anaxyrus canorus and the causes of observed effects on fitness at field sites, primarily in Yosemite National Park near Tioga Pass, from 1996 to 2001. We conducted a field experiment in 1999 to test for effects of enclosing embryos of A. canorus and moving them to slightly deeper water, thereby reducing the potential for exposure to ice and freezing temperatures, on hatching success at five breeding sites. We split freshly laid egg masses approximately into halves. We left one indiscriminately chosen half of each mass where it was deposited originally (replicates of which were scattered among the shallow waters)...
We produced this data set as part of a larger, integrated study to assess the statuses of populations of Anaxyrus canorus and the causes of observed effects on fitness at field sites, primarily in Yosemite National Park near Tioga Pass, from 1996 to 2001. We assessed the three general categories (early, mid, and late) for the developmental stage at which embryos of A. canorus died among various breeding sites from 1999 to 2001. We visually evaluated each individual embryo in an egg mass in situ while kneeling alongside it immediately before, at, or very soon after hatching (when individual capsules remained from hatched embryos and when any remnants of dead embryos typically still were visible). We did not assess...


    map background search result map search result map Yosemite Toad (Anaxyrus canorus) project datasets; climate, disease, predation, and hatching success data Effects of exposure to ambient UV-B on embryos of Anaxyrus canorus and Pseudacris regilla at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, in 1996 and 1998 Egg-mass depths for Anaxyrus canorus and Pseudacris regilla at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, in 1996, 1998, 1999, and 2000 Category for the developmental stage at which embryos of Anaxyrus canorus died at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, from 1999 to 2001 Embryo mortality for Anaxyrus canorus and Pseudacris regilla at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, from 1996 to 2001 Embryo mortality relative to the abundance category of the water mold, Saprolegnia diclina, and an unidentified predatory flatworm (Turbellaria spp.) for egg masses of Anaxyrus canorus at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, in 2001 Mortality resulting from two field experiments regarding freezing potential for embryos of Anaxyrus canorus at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, in 1999 and 2000 and for one laboratory experiment in 2000 at the Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research Laboratory in Mammoth Lakes, California, USA Yosemite Toad (Anaxyrus canorus) project datasets; climate, disease, predation, and hatching success data Effects of exposure to ambient UV-B on embryos of Anaxyrus canorus and Pseudacris regilla at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, in 1996 and 1998 Egg-mass depths for Anaxyrus canorus and Pseudacris regilla at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, in 1996, 1998, 1999, and 2000 Category for the developmental stage at which embryos of Anaxyrus canorus died at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, from 1999 to 2001 Embryo mortality for Anaxyrus canorus and Pseudacris regilla at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, from 1996 to 2001 Embryo mortality relative to the abundance category of the water mold, Saprolegnia diclina, and an unidentified predatory flatworm (Turbellaria spp.) for egg masses of Anaxyrus canorus at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, in 2001 Mortality resulting from two field experiments regarding freezing potential for embryos of Anaxyrus canorus at various breeding sites near Tioga Pass, California, USA, in 1999 and 2000 and for one laboratory experiment in 2000 at the Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research Laboratory in Mammoth Lakes, California, USA