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Background In recent years, more and more people have become concerned about Long Island's supply of freshwater. Currently, there is no comprehensive, island-wide resource that summarizes recent U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) research related to the Island's aquifer system. A webpage will be developed by the USGS that will compile published data from the hydrologic-surveillance program, in place since the mid-1970’s, and various USGS sources, and supplement this information with more recent seasonal and annual hydrologic technical assistance will be provided to the Suffolk County Water Authority (SCWA) to help them produce an easy to understand annual report that will provide a snapshot of the state of Long Island's...
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This child item contains ground penetrating radar (GPR) data collected over a small alpine wetland between Mogul Mine and Cement Creek located near Silverton, Colorado. Mine-impacted water is transported to Cement Creek via surface channels and groundwater through this wetland. The GPR method transmits radar pulses into the ground and measures the returned amplitude from these pulses over time. Variations in subsurface electromagnetic (EM) properties (dielectric permittivity, electrical conductivity, and magnetic susceptibility) affect the timing and amplitude of returned radar energy. For example, variation in water or mineral content are physical properties that often influence the EM properties that are observed...
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Summary: Extreme flooding can threaten life and property in flood-prone areas, as well as cause damage to critical infrastructure along roadways and canals. The effective management of these areas, and appropriate design of structures along rivers and streams, relies on understanding the magnitude and frequency of floods at gaged locations, and the ability to estimate these data at ungaged streams. Peak flow analysis and development of regional regression equations to estimate peak flow frequency and magnitude for New York have not been updated using any new data collected since 1999 (Lumia, 2006). As more data and newer technology have become available there is a need to update these data. The updated regression...
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This child item contains self-potential (SP) data collected over a small alpine wetland between Mogul Mine and Cement Creek located near Silverton, Colorado. Mine-impacted water is transported to Cement Creek via surface channels and groundwater through this wetland. The SP method measures passive voltages in the subsurface using a high impedance voltmeter with one fixed electrode at a base station and one mobile electrode. Strong self-potential anomalies have been associated with ore bodies and sharp redox fronts. Data were collected with an Agilent U1252B multimeter with STELTH3 Ag-AgCl Model SRE-011-SPB porous pot electrodes. Additional details are contained in the ‘readme.txt’ file within this directory.
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This child item contains frequency domain electromagnetic induction (FDEM) data collected along and around Cement Creek California Gulch, and the Animas River near Silverton, Colorado in support of other data collected at the site. The FDEM tool generates an EM field and measures eddy currents generated by conductive and/or magnetic materials in the subsurface in response to the applied field. A Geophex GEM-2 instrument with GPS was used with frequencies ranging from 450 Hz to 47970 Hz. Additional details are contained in the ‘readme.txt’ files within each zip data directory.
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This child item contains magnetometer (MAG) data collected along and around the Animas River near Silverton, Colorado in support of other data collected at the site. The MAG tool measures the magnetic field from one or multiple sensors. A Geometrics G-858AP instrument with GPS and backpack was used, with two magnetometers vertically mounted on the operator-carried staff to enable measurement of the magnetic field gradient. Additional details are contained in the ‘readme.txt’ files within each zip data directory.
The Retsof salt mine in the Genesee River Valley, Livingston County, New York, flooded after mine-roof collapses in 1994 created two rubble chimneys in overlying bedrock that intersected a confined aquifer in the basal glacial-drift deposits and continued collapse to the land surface. Groundwater in the lower confined aquifer flowed downward through the bedrock rubble chimneys causing widespread drawdown in the lower confined aquifer until the mine was completely flooded in 1996 (Yager and others, 2001). By 2005, water levels in the lower confined aquifer had nearly recovered to pre-collapse conditions but the hydraulic connection through the rubble chimneys between the brine-filled mine cavity, saline-water bedrock...
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Near-surface geophysical data from within the Bonita Peak Mining District in Silverton, Colorado, USA are presented. These data were collected in 2019. The data include fiber optic distributed temperature sensing (FO-DTS) and frequency domain electromagnetic induction (FDEM) data collected in and around roughly 1 km reaches of Cement Creek and California Gulch. Additional data, including ground penetrating radar (GPR) and self potential (SP), were gathered from a peatland that intercepts acid mine drainage from Mogul Mine into Cement Creek. The peatland is located off the eastern bank of Cement Creek in the northern portion of the reach surveyed with FO-DTS and FDEM. In 2021, an FO-DTS, FDEM, and magnetometer (MAG)...
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This child item contains fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing (FO-DTS) data collected along the streambed interface of two streams named Cement Creek and California Gulch Creek, as well as the Animas River, located near Silverton Colorado. The FO-DTS method utilizes the temperature-dependent backscatter of light pulses emitted along armored fiber-optic cables to evaluate temperature at discrete linear sampling locations. For these deployments a Salixa XT-DTS control unit (Salixa Ltd, Hertfordshire, UK) was used, and measurements were made over several day increments at 0.508 m linear resolution along the streambed interface. Specific locations for collected data are located within the data files, and additional...
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The National Crude Oil Spill Fate and Natural Attenuation Research Site is located near Bemidji, MN, USA. A high-pressure oil pipeline ruptured in 1979 releasing ~1.7 million liters of light crude oil, which sprayed over an area of ~6500 square meters and collected in topographic depressions. Approximately 75% of the spilled oil was recovered. Much of the remainder reached the water table, where it is distributed into three residual oil bodies (the north, middle, and south oil pools). Groundwater flows east-northeast toward a small lake roughly 300 m downgradient from the original spill site. Secondary reactions of sediments with byproducts from anaerobic degradation of the oil plumes cause increases in total dissolved...


    map background search result map search result map State of the Aquifer, Long Island, New York Chloride concentrations from wells in the Genesee River Valley, Livingston County, New York Methods for Estimation Flood Magnitude and Frequency at Ungaged Streams in New York, excluding Long Island Geophysical data from the unnamed lake at the National Crude Oil Spill Fate and Natural Attenuation Research Site, Bemidji, MN (ver. 3.0, May 2022) Near-surface geophysical data collected along streams near Silverton, Colorado, USA (ver. 2.0, May 2022) Frequency domain electromagnetic induction (FDEM) data collected around mine-impacted streams near Silverton, Colorado in September 2019 and 2021 (ver. 2.0, March 2022) Fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing data collected in mine-impacted streams near Silverton, Colorado in September 2019 and 2021 (ver. 2.0, May 2022) Ground penetrating radar (GPR) data collected in a mine-impacted wetland near Silverton, Colorado in September 2019 Magnetometry (MAG) data collected around mine-impacted streams near Silverton, Colorado in September 2021 Self-potential (SP) data collected in a mine-impacted wetland near Silverton, Colorado in September 2019 Geophysical data from the unnamed lake at the National Crude Oil Spill Fate and Natural Attenuation Research Site, Bemidji, MN (ver. 3.0, May 2022) Near-surface geophysical data collected along streams near Silverton, Colorado, USA (ver. 2.0, May 2022) Frequency domain electromagnetic induction (FDEM) data collected around mine-impacted streams near Silverton, Colorado in September 2019 and 2021 (ver. 2.0, March 2022) Fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing data collected in mine-impacted streams near Silverton, Colorado in September 2019 and 2021 (ver. 2.0, May 2022) Magnetometry (MAG) data collected around mine-impacted streams near Silverton, Colorado in September 2021 Chloride concentrations from wells in the Genesee River Valley, Livingston County, New York State of the Aquifer, Long Island, New York Methods for Estimation Flood Magnitude and Frequency at Ungaged Streams in New York, excluding Long Island