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Field spikes were prepared at 207 stream and river sites as part of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project between December, 2012, and September, 2015. At the field site, a depth-and width-integrated environmental sample was collected, and one subsample of the environmental sample was spiked with a known amount of a spike mixture. Both the spiked subsample ("spike sample") and another subsample ("environmental sample") of the original water sample were analyzed for pesticides at the USGS National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL) by direct injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and were used to calculate the spike recovery of each analyte....
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Data on the degree and duration of deltamethrin flea control on prairie dog colonies, with 3 prairie dog species at 6 sites across 3 US states. Fleas were combed (COMB) from live-trapped prairie dogs or swabbed (SWAB) from prairie dog burrows on non-treated (Non) sites and nearby sites treated with deltamethrin dust for flea control (Dusted). Each line of data is from an individual prairie dog or burrow. The first set of data, Shortterm BACI, includes data from before-after-control-impact (BACI) experiments comparing the abundance of fleas on prairie dogs at paired non-treated and treated sites in 2 time intervals: before treatments (Before) and 2 to 65 days after treatments (After). The second set of data, Moderate...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 100 wadeable streams across eleven states in the Midwestern U.S. during May-August, 2013, as part of the Midwest Stream Quality Assessment study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project. Of the 100 stream sites, 12 were urban indicator sites and the remaining 88 sites were located along an agricultural gradient of watershed land use. Twelve depth- and width-integrated samples were collected at each site within the 14-week study period. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers) and analyzed for 227 pesticide compounds by direct-injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass-spectrometry,...
Following building an aerosol exposure chamber in which we could expose domesticated zebra finches, we examined the effects of exposure to aerosolized Permanone® 30:30 insecticide (permethrin and piperonyl butoxide in soy oil vehicle) at ~103-106 x potential environmental concentrations on the response to experimental challenge with West Nile virus (WNV). Compared to vehicle control birds, WNV outcome was unchanged (65% of birds produced a viremia) in the ‘low’ exposure (9.52 mg/m3±3.13 SD permethrin) group, but reduced in the ‘high’ exposure (mean 376.5 mg/m3±27.9 SD permethrin) group (30% were viremic) (p < 0.05). After clearing WNV infection, birds treated with Permanone regained less body mass than vehicle treated...
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This spatial dataset consists of 199 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 199 pesticides in 1992 for the conterminous United States. Each grid cell value in the national grids of this dataset is the estimated total kilograms (kg) of a pesticide applied to row crops, small grain crops and fallow land, pasture and hay crops, and orchard and vineyard crops within the 1- by 1-km area. Nonagricultural uses of pesticides are not included in this dataset. Of the 199 pesticides represented in the grids, 92 are herbicides, 58 are insecticides, and 32 are fungicides. The remaining 17 grids are composed of the category "other pesticides", which consists of fumigants, growth regulators,...
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This spatial dataset consists of 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States. Each grid cell value in the national grids of this dataset is the estimated total kilograms (kg) of a pesticide applied to row crops, small grain crops and fallow land, pasture and hay crops, and orchard and vineyard crops within the 1- by 1-km area. Nonagricultural uses of pesticides are not included in this dataset. Of the 219 pesticidesrepresented in the grids, 96 are herbicides, 65 are insecticides, and 37 are fungicides. The remaining 21 compounds are composed of the category "other pesticides", which consist of fumigants, growth regulators,...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 482 wadeable streams in five regions of the United States during 2013-2017, as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Regional Stream Quality Assessment (RSQA). One study was conducted each year, starting with the Midwest (2013), followed by the Southeast Piedmont (2014), Pacific Northwest (2015), Northeast (2016), and Central California Coast (2017). Within each region, 77-100 streams were sampled over 6-14 weeks, followed by ecological surveys of fish, invertebrate and fish communities. The first study (Midwest) is an agricultural-gradient study, where the majority of sites were located along a gradient from undeveloped to 100% agricultural land...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Alabama, California, Central California Foothills ecoregion, Coastal Mountains ecoregion, Connecticut, All tags...
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This dataset was combined by CBI from 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States produced by the USGS. CBI selected those pesticides that had nonzero values within this ecoregion. CBI created an additional attribute "PEST_SUM" that represents a value weighted sum across all pesticides, produced by summing together the proportion of the value for a particular pesticide for a given pixel to the total amount of that pesticide observed within this ecoregion. This sum approaches a greater number where more of the pesticides are applied at higher quantities relative within this ecoregion. This attribute has not been approved by...
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This dataset was combined by CBI from 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States produced by the USGS. CBI selected those pesticides that had nonzero values within this ecoregion. CBI created an additional attribute "PEST_SUM" that represents a value weighted sum across all pesticides, produced by summing together the proportion of the value for a particular pesticide for a given pixel to the total amount of that pesticide observed within this ecoregion. This sum approaches a greater number where more of the pesticides are applied at higher quantities relative within this ecoregion. This attribute has not been approved by...
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These data represent surface water and bed sediment samples analyzed for a variety of organic compounds. The samples were collected in streams and rivers in the Chesapeake Bay watershed from 2012-2018. Sites were located in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Surface water samples were collected from 25 sites and analyzed for estrogenicity and an extensive suite of organic contaminants including hormones, pharmaceuticals, wastewater indicators, pesticides, phytoestrogens, and mycotoxins. Bed sediment samples were collected from 20 sites and analyzed for a suite of organic contaminants including hormones, wastewater indicators, pesticides, and organohalogens. Bed sediment was also analyzed for total organic...
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This U.S. Geological Survey data release provides the data and citations for selected tables and figures in “Agriculture-A river runs through it-The connections between agriculture and water quality”. This Circular is based on the National Water-Quality Assessment Project’s study of Agricultural Chemicals: Sources, Behavior, and Transport. This study focused on the connections between agriculture and water quality by examining multiple components of the hydrological system within agricultural areas to improve the understanding of how agricultural chemicals are transported into and through streams and groundwater. These data support the following publication: Capel, P.D., McCarthy, K.A., Coupe, R.H., Grey, K.M.,...
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This data set brings together and categorizes many of the chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States (as of 2009). Each entry in the data set includes the name, Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number, purpose(s) in agriculture, and a reference. For pesticides and their degradates, the pesticidal use, parent pesticide, and the United States Environmental Protection Agency Pesticide Chemical Code are included. The data were compiled as part of a U.S. Geological Survey study to improve the understanding of field-scale and watershed-scale hydrology and the environmental behavior of individual chemicals. The goals of the study...
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These datasets are one component of the multistressor studies conducted in Midwest streams in 2013 (MSQA) and in Southeast streams in 2014 (SESQA) by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Assessment Project. High-frequency small-volume autosamplers were deployed at 7 sites each in MSQA and SESQA that collected daily and weekly composite water samples, which were analyzed for 225 pesticides and pesticide degradates. Five of the MSQA autosampler sites were in agricultural watersheds and two in urban watersheds, whereas all seven SESQA autosampler sites were in urban watersheds. The daily and weekly composite samples were compared with results from traditional discrete water samples collected weekly at...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 85 wadeable streams in Central Coastal California over a variable six-week period during March–May, 2017, as part of the California Stream Quality Assessment (CSQA) study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Regional Stream-Quality Assessment (RSQA) Project. The 85 streams consisted of 40 urban sites (5–100% urban land in the lower basin), 9 agricultural sites, 24 mixed land-use sites, and 12 undeveloped sites. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers) and analyzed for 253 pesticide compounds by direct-injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass-spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Two similar LC-MS/MS methods were used: a broad-spectrum (223...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 100 wadeable freshwater streams across eleven states in the Midwestern U.S. during May-August, 2013, as part of the Midwest Stream Quality Assessment study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project. Of the 100 stream sites, 12 were urban indicator sites and the remaining 88 sites were located along an agricultural gradient of watershed land use. Twelve depth- and width-integrated water samples were collected at each site within the 14-week study period. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers) and analyzed for 227 pesticide compounds by direct-injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass-spectrometry,...
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There are three widely used neonicotinoid seed coat formulations that protect young crop plants (e.g. corn and soybean) against pest herbivory (thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, and chlothianidin). These insecticides are systemic, meaning they can be absorbed and distributed throughout the plant. Once seeds germinate, the insecticides are translocated throughout the growing corn plant[6]. When the plant is consumed by herbivorous insects, the insect also consumes and is affected by the toxicity of the insecticide.Not all of the neonicotinoid insecticide remains with the seed or growing corn plant. Owing to their high water solubility, a portion of the insecticide is leached away from the seed reaching groundwater and...
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Data on the efficacy of 5 pulicides as tools for suppressing fleas on black-tailed prairie dogs in Buffalo Gap National Grassland, South Dakota, 2015-2017. Fleas were collected from live-trapped prairie dogs on non-treated (CONTROL) sites and nearby sites treated with pulicides for flea control. Data are from 3 prairie dog colonies (South Exclosure, Cutbank, and Big Foot). We tested the following pulicides: Alpine ALPINE dust (0.25% dinotefuran wih 95% diatomaceous earth), Dusta-cide MALATHION dust (6% malathion), Sevin SEVIN dust (5% carbaryl), Tri-Die TRIDIE dust (1% pyrethrum with 40% amorphous silica and 10% piperonyl butoxide), and FIPRONIL grain (0.005% fipronil). Two sets of data are presented, each with...


    map background search result map search result map Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States, 1992 Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in theConterminous United States, 1997 Selected chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States as of 2009 Data and citations describing the connections between agriculture and water quality in the United States Dissolved Pesticide Concentrations in Weekly Water Samples and Ancillary Data (Midwest, 2013) Organic contaminants, including hormones, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other endocrine disrupting compounds, and estrogenicity data in select surface water samples as well as organic contaminants in bed sediment samples collected in Chesapeake Bay watershed in parts of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, 2012-2018 (ver. 2.0, August 2020) Data on the Efficacy of Five Pulicides as Tools for Suppressing Fleas on Black-tailed Prairie Dogs, South Dakota, 2015-2017 Data on the Degree and Duration of Deltamethrin Flea Control on Prairie Dog Colonies in Montana, South Dakota, and Utah, USA Pesticides in Daily and Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Midwest and Southeast Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2014) Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Regional Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2017) Effects of Chronic Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure upon Monarch Development BLM REA COP 2010 Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States (1997) BLM REA SOD 2010 Pesticide Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA California Stream Quality Assessment (2017) Data on the Efficacy of Five Pulicides as Tools for Suppressing Fleas on Black-tailed Prairie Dogs, South Dakota, 2015-2017 Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA California Stream Quality Assessment (2017) BLM REA SOD 2010 Pesticide BLM REA COP 2010 Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States (1997) Organic contaminants, including hormones, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other endocrine disrupting compounds, and estrogenicity data in select surface water samples as well as organic contaminants in bed sediment samples collected in Chesapeake Bay watershed in parts of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, 2012-2018 (ver. 2.0, August 2020) Data on the Degree and Duration of Deltamethrin Flea Control on Prairie Dog Colonies in Montana, South Dakota, and Utah, USA Dissolved Pesticide Concentrations in Weekly Water Samples and Ancillary Data (Midwest, 2013) Effects of Chronic Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure upon Monarch Development Pesticides in Daily and Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Midwest and Southeast Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2014) Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Regional Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2017) Selected chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States as of 2009 Data and citations describing the connections between agriculture and water quality in the United States Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States, 1992 Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in theConterminous United States, 1997