Filters: Tags: Hysteresis (X)14 results (124ms)
Migration of a coarse fluvial sediment pulse detected by hysteresis in bedload generated seismic waves
Seismic signals near rivers are partially composed of the elastic waves generated by bedload particles impacting the river bed. In this study, we explore the relationship between this seismic signal and river bedload transport by analyzing high-frequency broadband seismic data from multiple stations along the Chijiawan River in northern Taiwan following the removal of a 13 m check dam. This dam removal provides a natural experiment in which rapid and predictable changes in the river's profile occur, which in turn enables independent constraints on spatial and temporal variation in bedload sediment transport. We compare floods of similar magnitudes with and without bedload transport, and find that the amplitude of...
Rapid fluid content measurement method for fingered flow in an oil-water-sand system using synchrotron X-rays
Neuronal population dynamics with post inhibitory rebound: A reduction to piecewise linear discontinuous circle maps
Partition constants and adsorption/desorption hysteresis for volatile organic compounds on soil from a Louisiana Superfund site
Resilience and resistance of ecosystem functional response to a precipitation pulse in a semi-arid grassland
1 In water-limited ecosystems, discrete precipitation events trigger brief but important episodes of biological activity. Differential responses of above- and below-ground biota to precipitation may constrain biogeochemical transformations at the ecosystem scale. 2 We quantified short-term dynamics of whole ecosystem response to 39 mm irrigation events (precipitation pulses) during June 2002 and 2003 using plant physiological and ecosystem gas-exchange measurements as state variables in a principal components analysis (PCA). Experimental plots consisted of either native (Heteropogon contortus L.) or non-native (Eragrostis lehmanniana Nees) bunchgrasses planted in monoculture on two distinct geomorphic surfaces in...
Causes of concentration/discharge hysteresis and its potential as a tool for analysis of episode hydrochemistry
Suspended-sediment, bed-sediment, and in-channel topographical data at the Green River at Mineral Bottom near Canyonlands National Park, and Colorado River at Potash, UT stream gages
Sediment Data: These data include (1) physical suspended-sediment sample data including suspended silt and clay concentration, suspended-sand concentration, and suspended-sand grain size distribution, (2) bed-sediment sample data with complete grain size analyses, and (3) 15-minute acoustical sediment data measured using a multifrequency array (1MHz and 2MHz) of sidelooking acoustic Doppler profilers which includes suspended silt-and-clay concentration, suspended-sand concentration, and the median grain size of suspended sand, instantaneous silt and clay, and sand loads, and cumulative silt and clay, and sand loads. The acoustic sediment data were calibrated with the physical suspended-sediment samples. These data...