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This data lists the historically active volcanoes of Alaska and the year of the last major eruptive event. The volcanoes listed meet at least one of the following criteria since 1700 CE: (1) documented, unquestioned eruption, or (2) a strongly suspected eruption, often an eruption documented in the historical account with very little information (current geologic knowledge must not contradict the eruption account), or (3) persistent (usually on the order of decades, but certainly longer than several months) fumaroles, with temperatures (where measured) within ~10 degrees C of the boiling point, or (4) significant, measured, volcanic-related, non-eruptive deformation, (5) documented earthquake swarm with strongly...
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Kasatochi is a small, isolated island volcano in the center of the Aleutian Island chain. It consists of a roughly circular cone approximately 3 km in diameter with a lake-filled central crater that is 1.2 km in diameter and extends from the highest point on the island to sea level. The oldest unit recognized is a thick series of mid-Pleistocene glaciovolcanic deposits consisting of autobrecciated lava, lahars, and volumetrically minor lava masses that we believe to have been emplaced underneath a regional ice cap. This unit is unconformably overlain by several massive Holocene lavas, above which lies a thick sequence of latest-Holocene pyroclastic deposits likely deposited during the crater-forming eruption. The...
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Okmok volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, explosively erupted over a five-week period between July 12 and August 23, 2008. The eruption was predominantly phreatomagmatic, producing fine-grained tephra that covered most of northeastern Umnak Island. The eruption had a maximum Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 4, with eruption column heights up to 16 km during the opening phase. Several craters and a master tuff cone formed in the caldera as a result of phreatomagmatic explosions and accumulated tephra-fall and surge deposits. Ascending magma continuously interacted with an extensive shallow groundwater table in the caldera, resulting in the phreatomagmatic character of the eruption. Syneruptive explosion and collapse...
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This data lists the active volcanoes of Kamchatka and the Kurile Islands, their location in latitude/longitude decimal degrees, and the year of the last major eruptive event. The 65 volcanoes listed meet at least one of the following criteria: (1) an historically documented eruption, (2) fumarolic activity, but without a historically documented eruption, or (3) potentially active volcanoes which have erupted within the past 3500 years.
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This data lists the historically active volcanoes of Alaska, their location in latitude/longitude decimal degrees, and the year of the last major eruptive event. The 52 volcanoes listed meet at least one of the following criteria since 1700 CE: (1) documented, unquestioned eruption, or (2) a strongly suspected eruption, often an eruption documented in the historical account with very little information (current geologic knowledge must not contradict the eruption account), or (3) persistent (usually on the order of decades, but certainly longer than several months) fumaroles, with temperatures (where measured) within ~10°C of the boiling point, or (4) significant, measured, volcanic-related, non-eruptive deformation,...
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The 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano included 19 major tephra-producing explosions. Mass per unit area (MPUA) ash fall sampling of the resulting deposits allowed us to create isomass contours of the ash fall. This dataset contains the vector digital shapefiles of the ash fall contours for the explosive events. In addition, a point digital shapefile is included that describes more than 400 ash fall samples that were collected. For a detailed account of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, see Schaefer, J.R., ed., 2012, The 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska, with contributions by Bull, Katharine, Cameron, Cheryl, Coombs, Michelle, Diefenbach, Angie, Lopez, Taryn, McNutt, Steve, Neal, Christina, Payne, Allison,...
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Kasatochi is a small, isolated island volcano in the center of the Aleutian Island chain. It consists of a roughly circular cone approximately 3 km in diameter with a lake-filled central crater that is 1.2 km in diameter and extends from the highest point on the island to sea level. The oldest unit recognized is a thick series of mid-Pleistocene glaciovolcanic deposits consisting of autobrecciated lava, lahars, and volumetrically minor lava masses that we believe to have been emplaced underneath a regional ice cap. This unit is unconformably overlain by several massive Holocene lavas, above which lies a thick sequence of latest-Holocene pyroclastic deposits likely deposited during the crater-forming eruption. The...
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This data lists the historically active volcanoes of Alaska and the year of the last major eruptive event. The volcanoes listed meet at least one of the following criteria since 1700 CE: 1) Documented, unquestioned eruption OR 2) A strongly suspected eruption, often an eruption documented in a historical account with very little information. Current geologic knowledge must not contradict the eruption account, OR 3) Persistent (usually on the order of decades, but certainly longer than several months) fumaroles, with temperatures (where measured) within approximately 10 degrees C of the boiling point, OR 4) Significant, measured, volcanic-related, non-eruptive deformation, OR 5) Documented earthquake swarm with strongly...


    map background search result map search result map Historically active volcanoes of Alaska Historically active volcanoes of Alaska Historically active volcanoes of Alaska Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka and the Kurile Islands Ash fall contour map of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska: Digital shapefiles of contours and sample locations Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska The 2008 phreatomagmatic eruption of Okmok Volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska: Chronology, deposits, and landform changes Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska The 2008 phreatomagmatic eruption of Okmok Volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska: Chronology, deposits, and landform changes Ash fall contour map of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska: Digital shapefiles of contours and sample locations Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka and the Kurile Islands Historically active volcanoes of Alaska Historically active volcanoes of Alaska Historically active volcanoes of Alaska