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This layer depicts the status, or degree of disturbance, to plant communities on the main Hawaiian Islands. To more precisely identify areas where native species may presently be found, a map was generated that considers the following three categories of habitat quality: High, areas dominated by native vegetation; Medium, areas dominated by nonnative vegetation; and Low, highly modified landscapes. The primary source for mapping these three categories is the HIGAP land-cover classification (Gon, 2006). The High category includes all HIGAP land-cover classes that are considered to be either native dominated or mixed native and nonnative in order to represent those areas that have substantial native-species composition....
The Hawaiian Islands' largest atoll, French Frigate Shoals, is key to understanding how seabird nesting habitat will change with predicted rising sea levels.
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This portion of the data release presents radiocarbon age data from 66 samples collected from Anahola Valley (Kaua'i), Kahana Valley (O'ahu), and Pololu Valley (Hawai'i). Sample ages were determined by the National Ocean Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (NOSAMS) facility. The data are provided in a comma-delimited spreadsheet (.csv).
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The conditions of coral reefs in the Hawaiian Islands are predicted to decline significantly from climate change over the next 100 years. To better prepare for the impacts of climate change on Hawaiian reefs, the research team uses a system of models to simulate ocean waves and circulation, rainfall and storm run-off, and coral reef community dynamics through the year 2100. These models will identify reef areas that are either vulnerable or resilient to the many stressors that the future may hold for reefs. The team’s hope is that this work can identify areas that might benefit from management actions to minimize local stressors such as land-based pollution. Through a collaborative partnership with state and federal...
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It is unclear whether DNA lysis buffers used for preservation of whole blood samples from Hawaiian forest birds cause denaturation and loss of antigen binding capability of antibody molecules. If their antigen binding capability is not affected, then the samples can be used in serological assays to provide an independent assessment of the accuracy of PCR (polymerase chain reaction) diagnostic tests for avian malaria. This data set reports raw absorbance measurements that were collected with a BioRad Model 3550 ELISA plate reader at a wavelength setting of 405 nm for different dilutions of blood from an infected Hawaii Amakihi that were preserved in PBS (phosphate buffered saline), TEN (Tris-Ethylenediaminetetraacetic...
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This dataset contains the reference genome assembly, created from 23 Hawaiian hoary bats collected across the four Hawaiian Islands, Hawaii, Maui, Oahu, and Kauai. These data were collected in order to examine the phylogenetic history and patterns of genetic variation in the Hawaiian hoary bat. The raw sequencing data are deposited to National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Sequence Read Archive (SRA) under accession PRJNA559902. The data are archived in GenBank at the following URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/559902. The data are stored in two files, one in a text-based FASTA format (HHB genome 2009-2015.fa) and the other in general feature format (HHB genome features 2009-2015.gff), both...
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Acoustic sampling for occurrence of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) was conducted at 18 "long-term" acoustic monitoring stations on 12 Hawaii Army National Guard (HIARNG) installations across the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, Oahu, and Kauai between 2012 and 2018. Hawaiian hoary bat insect prey sampling with paired acoustic monitoring was conducted at Keaukaha Military Reservation (KMR) on Hawaii Island from May to August, 2018. At this property, a herd of domestic goats (occasionally mixed with domestic sheep) were rotated among grazing plots as part of a weed control program managed by HIARNG. We sampled insect abundance and community within the area where goats were used for...
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This portion of the data release contains information on cores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawaii in 2015 and 2017. Sites were cored in order to describe wetland stratigraphy and to identify potential tsunami deposits. These cores contain mud, peat, fluvial sands, and marine carbonate sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of coastal environments. PDF files describe twenty-four (24) gouge and ‘Russian’ cores (hand held, side-filling peat augers) that were collected and described in the field. Cores collected in 2017 were described using the Troels-Smith sediment classification scheme (Troels-Smith, 1955; Nelson, 2015). Another pdf file (Kahana_cores_legend.pdf) contains...
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This portion of the data release contains information on vibracores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Pololu Valley, Island of Hawai'i in 2014. Five sites were cored in order to describe wetland stratigraphy and to identify potential tsunami deposits. These vibracores contain mud, peat, fluvial sands, and marine volcanic sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of coastal environments. Two (2) pdf files (VC1.pdf, VC2.pdf) describe vibracores that were split, imaged by a line-scanner camera, scanned to generate computed tomagraphic (CT) images, and visually described. A detailed description of the upper 150 cm of VC1 using the Troels-Smith sediment classification scheme (Troels-Smith, 1955; Nelson,...
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This data release provides flooding extent polygons (flood masks) and depth values (flood points) based on wave-driven total water levels for 22 locations within the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. For each of the 22 locations there are eight associated flood mask polygons and flood depth point files: one for each four nearshore wave energy return periods (rp; 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-years) and both with (wrf) and without (worf) the presence of coral reefs. These flood masks can be combined with economic, ecological, and engineering tools to provide a rigorous financial valuation...
Tags: American Samoa, CMHRP, CNMI, Cayo Vieques, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, All tags...
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This data release contains the source code, executable file, and example files for WATRMod, a Water-budget Accounting for Tropical Regions Model code that is documented in U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2022-1013 available at https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20221013. The source code is written in the Fortran computer language. The model source code was compiled using Intel(R) Visual Fortran Intel(R) 64 for Windows, version 11.0.061, Copyright(C) 1985-2008. WATRMod can be executed (run) in a Command window by typing the command WATRMod1 (preceded by the appropriate path to the file WATRMod1.exe if the file WATRMod1.exe does not reside in the folder from which the command is issued) at the prompt; the file WATRMOD.FIL...
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This single raster dataset has five different bands, one band for each of the five Bioclim models computed, based on different subsets of the available CRB occurrence data including: 1) all available global data (excluding Hawaii); 2) only occurrences within CRB's native range; 3) only occurrences in the species non-native range (excluding Hawaii); 4) only occurrences in the species insular non-native range (excluding Hawaii).; and 5) only occurrences collected in Hawaii by the CRB response team. Detailed methods for each model are described in the associated xml metadata file.
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It is unclear whether DNA lysis buffers used for preservation of whole blood samples from Hawaiian forest birds cause denaturation and loss of antigen binding capability of antibody molecules. If their antigen binding capability is not affected, then the samples can be used in serological assays to provide an independent assessment of the accuracy of PCR (polymerase chain reaction) diagnostic tests for avian malaria. This data set provides derived Percent ELISA (Enzyme linked Immunosorbant Assay) Values calculated from adjusted absorbance measurements that were collected with a BioRad Model 3550 ELISA plate reader at a wavelength setting of 405 nm.
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This dataset contains single nucleotide polymorphisim (SNP) genotypes for 23 Hawaiian hoary bats collected across four Hawaiian Islands, Hawaii, Maui, Oahu, and Kauai. The data were collected in order to examine the phylogenetic history and patterns of genetic variation in the Hawaiian hoary bat. The raw sequencing data are deposited to National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Sequence Read Archive (SRA) under accession PRJNA559902. The data are archived in GenBank at the following URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/559902. Note to users: ordinary text editors cannot open large files, users are advised to utilize a specialized text editor (e.g., EmEditor) or genetic bioinformatic-type software...
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This portion of the data release presents sediment grain-size data from samples collected from Anahola Valley, Kaua`i, Hawai`i in November, 2015 (USGS Field Activity 2015-671-FA). 63 sand and mud samples were taken from sediment cores that were collected using a ‘Russian’ corer (a hand-held, side-filling peat auger) from two site locations. Site locations were determined using a hand-held global navigation satellite system (GNSS). The grain-size distributions of samples were determined using standard techniques developed by the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center sediment lab. The grain-size data are provided in a comma-delimited spreadsheet (.csv). Core ANA15-RC1 BR contained two carbonate sand layers...
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We tested the utility of a protocol using genetic markers that previously proved successful to identify the sex of Vespertilionid bats on tissues collected from live bats and carcasses of varying age from the Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus semotus). This molecular method is based on genes unique to X and Y chromosomes in mammals and previously was used successfully on North American hoary bats (L. cinereus). Using genotyping, we determined the sex of 123 of 125 Hawaiian hoary bat tissue samples from carcasses. This dataset includes all 73 samples from the original data release, plus 58 additional samples. NOTE: While previous versions are available from the author, all the records in previous versions can be found...
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This layer depicts the status, or degree of disturbance, to plant communities on the main Hawaiian Islands. Several layers were uset to create this version (v 3.4). The original HabQual layer was developed by Jon Price and Jim Jacobi based on the mapped land cover units from the Hawaii GAP analysis program (Gon et al. 2006). This map was revised by combining data on land use and the “Bare” category from the NOAA C-CAP 2005 map (NOAA National Ocean Service Coastal Services Center 2012), and adding road corridors to the heavily disturbed category based on the Tiger Roads layer (United States Census Bureau 2014). Additionally, corrections were made to this version of the map by visually inspecting previously mapped...
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Only one virus, Avipox, has been documented in wild birds in Hawaii. Here, using immunohistochemistry and PCR, we found that two native threatened Hawaiian geese, one with multicentric histiocytoma and another with toxoplasmosis and one Laysan albatross with avian pox were infected with reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV). The virus was isolated from one of the geese by cell culture. PCR surveys of other Hawaiian geese with various pathologies, avian pox cases, and pox viral isolates failed to reveal REV suggesting the virus is uncommon, at least in samples examined. The full genome of the Gag, Pol, and Env genes were sequenced for all three infected birds and revealed geographic divergence of the Pol gene suggesting...
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It is unclear whether DNA lysis buffers used for preservation of whole blood samples from Hawaiian forest birds cause denaturation and loss of antigen binding capability of antibody molecules. If their antigen binding capability is not affected, then the samples can be used in serological assays to provide an independent assessment of the accuracy of PCR (polymerase chain reaction) diagnostic tests for avian malaria. This data set provides raw absorbance measurements that were collected with a BioRad Model 3550 ELISA plate reader at a wavelength setting of 405 nm for different dilutions of blood from an uninfected Hawaii Amakihi. The blood was preserved in different lysis buffers or placed in phosphate buffered...
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The arrival of the coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB, Oryctes rhinoceros) in Hawaii poses serious threats to endemic palm species, crop species and iconic palm trees across the archipelago. As this invasive is found on the island of Oahu primarily at lower elevations, there are concerns about the species spreading towards high value native habitats at higher elevations and/or to other islands across the state. This dataset simply describes the suitability of the Hawaiian landscape to CRB spread based on climatic conditions (using mean annual temperature and precipitation) of global and local species occurrences. This CRB habitat suitability was calculated using a simple bioclim approach where suitability values reflect...


map background search result map search result map Projections of Future Coral Reef Communities in DOI-Managed Coastal Areas in the Hawaiian Islands Hawaii Habitat Quality (HI_HabQual) Carbon Assessment of Hawaii Habitat Status Map (CAH_HabStatus) Sediment grain-size distributions of three carbonate sand layers in Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Pololu Valley, Island of Hawaii Core descriptions and sand bed thickness data from Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian Hoary Bat Genetic Sexing 2009-2020 (ver. 7.0, June 2022) Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kaua'i, O'ahu, and Hawai'i Hawaii Army National Guard Hawaiian Hoary Bat Acoustic Monitoring 2012-2018 and Keaukaha Military Reservation Prey Study 2018 Effect of SDS and Proteinase K on whole blood preserved in lysis buffer for Hawaiian Island avian malaria detection, 2005-2006 Derived ELISA Values for Hawaiian Island forest bird avian malaria detection using whole blood preserved in lysis buffer Raw absorbance values from serially diluted uninfected whole blood in different lysis buffers for Hawaiian Island forest bird avian malaria detection, 2005-2006 Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian hoary bat genome assembly data, 2009-2015 Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian hoary bat SNP genotype data, 2009-2015 WATRMod, a Water-budget accounting for tropical regions model--source code, executable file, and example files Data set on reticuloendotheliosis in Hawaiian birds Hawaiian Islands climate compatibility of Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle (CRB, Oryctes rhinoceros) based on global and local species occurrences 2022 CRB climate compatibility maps based on global and local species occurrences Sediment grain-size distributions of three carbonate sand layers in Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Pololu Valley, Island of Hawaii Core descriptions and sand bed thickness data from Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i Effect of SDS and Proteinase K on whole blood preserved in lysis buffer for Hawaiian Island avian malaria detection, 2005-2006 Derived ELISA Values for Hawaiian Island forest bird avian malaria detection using whole blood preserved in lysis buffer Raw absorbance values from serially diluted uninfected whole blood in different lysis buffers for Hawaiian Island forest bird avian malaria detection, 2005-2006 Radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kaua'i, O'ahu, and Hawai'i Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian Hoary Bat Genetic Sexing 2009-2020 (ver. 7.0, June 2022) Projections of Future Coral Reef Communities in DOI-Managed Coastal Areas in the Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian Islands climate compatibility of Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle (CRB, Oryctes rhinoceros) based on global and local species occurrences 2022 CRB climate compatibility maps based on global and local species occurrences Hawaii Habitat Quality (HI_HabQual) Carbon Assessment of Hawaii Habitat Status Map (CAH_HabStatus) Hawaii Army National Guard Hawaiian Hoary Bat Acoustic Monitoring 2012-2018 and Keaukaha Military Reservation Prey Study 2018 Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian hoary bat genome assembly data, 2009-2015 Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian hoary bat SNP genotype data, 2009-2015 WATRMod, a Water-budget accounting for tropical regions model--source code, executable file, and example files Data set on reticuloendotheliosis in Hawaiian birds Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands