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Observers at Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge recorded the use by birds of koa (Acacia koa) and ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) trees in two sites that were recovering from ungulate disturbance and two reforestation sites where trees had been planted. Observations were made pre- and post-defoliation of koa trees by koa moths (Scotorythra paludicola) during 2013. Focal trees at each site were selected haphazardly and observed for 2 minutes to determine the total number individual birds that visited the tree. Birds were counted when they were already present or as they flew into a tree during the 2-minute period, regardless of whether they departed before the end of the observation period. Birds were identified...
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We examined habitat use and foraging activity of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus), as well as nocturnal aerial insect abundance at Kaloko-Honōkohau National Historical Park located in the coastal region of Kailua-Kona, Hawai‘i Island. The study area covers approximately 486 ha of marine waters and terrestrial coastal plains. Nocturnal aerial insect collection occurred in January and April (2 or 3 nights each) and in July and November (1 or 2 nights each) in 2014. Insects were collected at three stations (KAHO1, KAHO3, KAHO4) between 1 and 10 m above sea level. Nocturnal aerial insects were collected using a 22 W UV light placed above a funnel and bucket trap (Model #2851M, Bioquip Products...
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The Hawaii Forest Bird Survey (HFBS) systematically characterized plant and bird communities across transects spanning all major Hawaiian Islands except O‘ahu. This extensive dataset has now been organized into a database and associated geographic information system (GIS) layers. This baseline provides an opportunity to assess how forest ecosystems and their constituent bird and plant populations have changed over time. As part of the HaBiTATS (Hawaiian Biodiversity Trends Across Time and Space) project, a select area on Hawai‘i Island was surveyed in 2015 with the objective of demonstrating the potential of using the HFBS methodology to reassess the status of bird and plant communities across multiple geographic...
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The Hawaii Forest Bird Survey (HFBS) systematically characterized plant and bird communities across transects spanning all major Hawaiian Islands except O‘ahu. This extensive dataset has now been organized into a database and associated geographic information system (GIS) layers. This baseline provides an opportunity to assess how forest ecosystems and their constituent bird and plant populations have changed over time. As part of the HaBiTATS (Hawaiian Biodiversity Trends Across Time and Space) project, a select area on Hawai‘i Island was surveyed in 2015 with the objective of demonstrating the potential of using the HFBS methodology to reassess the status of bird and plant communities across multiple geographic...
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We examined Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus semotus) presence and foraging activity at Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge and Lāupahoehoe Forest Reserve on Hawai‘i Island during the 2013 koa moth (Geometridea: Scotorythra paludicola) outbreak. Hawaiian hoary bat echolocation vocalizations were recorded at seven acoustic stations between 1069 and 1200 m above sea level that operated nightly from May 2013 through September 2013. We compared these data to data collected at similar locations during 2007-2011 to determine the response of bats to increased moth abundance during 2013. In this abstract we refer to the Hawaiian hoary bat as a full species, Lasiurus semotus, following updated taxonomy for Hawaiian hoary...
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Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) were captured at multiple locations on the east side of Hawaii Island from May 2019 to October 2019. Radio transmitters were affixed to captured bats and, when possible, radio telemetry was used to locate bats in trees used for day-roosts. In 2019, three maternity roosts were identified however only two were suitable for video recording. Thermal video recording at two maternal roosts was used to identify the time of bat departure and arrival at a roost. We examined an average of 2 hours during sunset and sunrise (range = 0.9 to 5.4 hours). The time of bat departure from a roost ranged from 53 minutes before sunset to 20 minutes after sunset (n = 48, mean = 2.7 minutes...
Bird banding at 2 locations adjacent to one another (one in koa restoration forest, and other in native intact forest) at Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge before and after the start of an outbreak by koa moths (Scotorythra paludicola) during 2013. Each bird was measured with an electronic scale accurate to 1/10th g. Results indicate that insectivorous birds increased in mass, on average, while generalist diet species showed marginally significant increases, and two out of three nectarivorous and frugivorous birds did not have significant change.
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These data include Ceratocystis culture viability results from ambrosia beetle (Coleopetera: Scolytinae) frass. Frass is defined as fine particles of macerated wood or boring dust, beetle parts, and feces. Frass was collected from individual ambrosia beetle galleries in Ceratocystis-infected ʻōhiʻa (Metrosideros polymorpha) trees on Hawaiʻi Island, a phenomenon referred to as Rapid ʻŌhiʻa Death (ROD). We recorded the height at which these beetles produced frass, how long we collected frass from galleries, and the total number of culturing tests from individual galleries.
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Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) were captured at multiple locations on the east side of Hawaii Island from May 2018 through September 2019. Radio transmitters were affixed to captured bats and, when possible, radio telemetry was used to locate bats in trees used for day-roosts. A total of 23 bat day-roosts were identified to tree and used by 18 bats (10 male; 8 female; 17 adult; 1 juvenile). Three maternity roosts were confirmed. One maternity roost was determined to be a bat that was not captured or radio-tagged but was visually located in a roost tree that was also in use by a radio-tagged bat. During the period of monitoring of telemetered bats (less than one month), multiple roosts were located...
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These data include the quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) Ceratocystis lukuohia and C. huliohia DNA confirmations of viable subcultures. These data were used to determine the accuracy of morphological identifications.
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Alala, or Hawaiian Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis), were extinct in the wild since the early 2000s. The first effort to reintroduce captive bred Alala back into the wild was conducted at Puu Makaala Natural Area Reserve on Hawaii Island. The 2017 release cohort were released in two stages and were the only Alala in the wild. Using automated radio telemetry tracking towers (n=4) that were distributed around the release area, we tracked the birds from September 26, 2017, to May 19, 2018, to document early exploratory movement of these birds in the wild.
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Hawaiian hoary bat insect prey sampling with paired acoustic monitoring was conducted at Keaukaha Military Reservation (KMR) on Hawaii Island from May to August, 2018. At this property, a herd of domestic goats (occasionally mixed with domestic sheep) were rotated among grazing plots as part of a weed control program managed by Hawaii Army National Guard (HIARNG). We sampled insect abundance and community within the area where goats were used for weed control to better understand if grazing ungulates attract and support potential prey for insectivorous Hawaiian hoary bats.
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We examined habitat use and foraging activity of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus), as well as nocturnal aerial insect abundance at Kaloko-Honōkohau National Historical Park located in the coastal region of Kailua-Kona, Hawai‘i Island. The study area covers approximately 486 ha of marine waters and terrestrial coastal plains. Nocturnal aerial insect collection occurred in January and April (2 or 3 nights each) and in July and November (1 or 2 nights each) in 2014. Insects were collected at three stations (KAHO1, KAHO3, KAHO4) between 1 and 10 m above sea level. Nocturnal aerial insects were collected using a 22 W UV light placed above a funnel and bucket trap (Model #2851M, Bioquip Products...
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These data contain the raw quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) results for all Ceratocystis lukuohia and huliohia testing of environmental DNA (eDNA) collected in the wind column using Passive Environmental Samplers (PES).
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The Hawaii Forest Bird Survey (HFBS) systematically characterized plant and bird communities across transects spanning all major Hawaiian Islands except O‘ahu. This extensive dataset has now been organized into a database and associated geographic information system (GIS) layers. This baseline provides an opportunity to assess how forest ecosystems and their constituent bird and plant populations have changed over time. As part of the HaBiTATS (Hawaiian Biodiversity Trends Across Time and Space) project, a select area on Hawai‘i Island was surveyed in 2015 with the objective of demonstrating the potential of using the HFBS methodology to reassess the status of bird and plant communities across multiple geographic...
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The Hawaii Forest Bird Survey (HFBS) systematically characterized plant and bird communities across transects spanning all major Hawaiian Islands except O‘ahu. This extensive dataset has now been organized into a database and associated geographic information system (GIS) layers. This baseline provides an opportunity to assess how forest ecosystems and their constituent bird and plant populations have changed over time. As part of the HaBiTATS (Hawaiian Biodiversity Trends Across Time and Space) project, a select area on Hawai‘i Island was surveyed in 2015 with the objective of demonstrating the potential of using the HFBS methodology to reassess the status of bird and plant communities across multiple geographic...
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We quantified the availability of breeding habitat of the endangered Hawaii Akepa (Loxops coccineus). The species is thought to nest excusively in natural cavities within mature ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) trees but birds commonly occur in short stature trees that presumably do not have any natural cavities because of their polyploidal (many-branched) structure. To test this hypothesis we searched for cavities in trees where akepa forage and we measured diameter of each stem of each tree examined. The habitat is in montane areas of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on Mauna Loa volcano.We surveyed 57 plots, 49 in montane woodland and 8 in closed-canopy forest. Six tree cavities were detected in the 214 sampled trees:...
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This dataset contains the reference genome assembly, created from 23 Hawaiian hoary bats collected across the four Hawaiian Islands, Hawaii, Maui, Oahu, and Kauai. These data were collected in order to examine the phylogenetic history and patterns of genetic variation in the Hawaiian hoary bat. The raw sequencing data are deposited to National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Sequence Read Archive (SRA) under accession PRJNA559902. The data are archived in GenBank at the following URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/559902. The data are stored in two files, one in a text-based FASTA format (HHB genome 2009-2015.fa) and the other in general feature format (HHB genome features 2009-2015.gff), both...
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The Hawaii Forest Bird Survey (HFBS) systematically characterized plant and bird communities across transects spanning all major Hawaiian Islands except O‘ahu. This extensive dataset has now been organized into a database and associated geographic information system (GIS) layers. This baseline provides an opportunity to assess how forest ecosystems and their constituent bird and plant populations have changed over time. As part of the HaBiTATS (Hawaiian Biodiversity Trends Across Time and Space) project, a select area on Hawai‘i Island was surveyed in 2015 with the objective of demonstrating the potential of using the HFBS methodology to reassess the status of bird and plant communities across multiple geographic...
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We examined habitat use and foraging activity of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus), as well as nocturnal aerial insect abundance at Kaloko-Honōkohau National Historical Park located in the coastal region of Kailua-Kona, Hawai‘i Island. The study area covers approximately 486 ha of marine waters and terrestrial coastal plains. Hawaiian hoary bat echolocation vocalizations were recorded at seven acoustic stations between 1 and 10 m above sea level, that operated nightly from November 2013 through February 2015. This data set includes data derived from these acoustic recording stations. Each acoustic recording station was comprised of an acoustic recording unit (SM2Bat+ Song Meter Digital...


map background search result map search result map Occurrence of natural nest cavities in montane ohia trees in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 2015 bird dataset Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 1977 pig dataset Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 1977 vegetation species dataset Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 2015 vegetation species dataset Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 1977 vegetation structure dataset Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Hawaiian hoary bat acoustic data 2013-2015 Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, insect biomass data 2014 Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, insect count data 2014 Hawaiian hoary bat roost departure-arrival metrics, Hawaii Island 2018-2019 Hawaiian hoary bat roost tree metrics, Hawaii Island 2018-2019 Insect Count Data, Keaukaha Military Reservation (KMR) Hawaii Island, 2018 Viable Ceratocystis Propagules in Frass Subculture qPCR DNA Results Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian hoary bat genome assembly data, 2009-2015 Ceratocystis Quantitative PCR Results Hawaii Island, Hawaiian hoary bat acoustic data pre- and post-koa moth outbreak, 2007-2013 Change in mass of birds pre- and post-koa moth outbreak, Hawaii Island, 2013-2014 Patterns of tree use by birds pre- and post-koa moth outbreak, Hawaii Island, 2013-2014 Hawaii Island locations of reintroduced Alala from automated radio telemetry tracking system, 2017 cohort Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Hawaiian hoary bat acoustic data 2013-2015 Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, insect biomass data 2014 Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, insect count data 2014 Insect Count Data, Keaukaha Military Reservation (KMR) Hawaii Island, 2018 Ceratocystis Quantitative PCR Results Occurrence of natural nest cavities in montane ohia trees in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Change in mass of birds pre- and post-koa moth outbreak, Hawaii Island, 2013-2014 Patterns of tree use by birds pre- and post-koa moth outbreak, Hawaii Island, 2013-2014 Hawaii Island, Hawaiian hoary bat acoustic data pre- and post-koa moth outbreak, 2007-2013 Hawaii Island locations of reintroduced Alala from automated radio telemetry tracking system, 2017 cohort Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 2015 bird dataset Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 1977 pig dataset Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 1977 vegetation species dataset Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 2015 vegetation species dataset Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Pilot study to assess changes to Hawaii Island forest birds and their habitat - 1977 vegetation structure dataset Hawaiian hoary bat roost departure-arrival metrics, Hawaii Island 2018-2019 Hawaiian hoary bat roost tree metrics, Hawaii Island 2018-2019 Viable Ceratocystis Propagules in Frass Subculture qPCR DNA Results Hawaiian Islands Hawaiian hoary bat genome assembly data, 2009-2015