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The sedimentary record of Lake Gosiute, a lake that existed in southwestern Wyoming during the Eocene, contains evidence for lake level fluctuations thought to be caused by the earth's precession cycle. However, it is not clear how the effects of these orbital variations were transferred through the climate system and into the sedimentary record. We carry out a series of experiments using a general circulation model (GCM), a lake energy balance model and a lake water balance model to better understand the processes by which these orbital variations could have altered lake evaporation, on-lake precipitation and runoff from the lake's catchment. GCM simulations indicate significant differences in surface incident...
The suspended sediment load carried by rivers is highly variable in space and time. On a given river, the suspended sediment load is generally related to the discharge. However, at any given discharge on a specific river the suspended sediment load can vary by a couple of orders of magnitude. The temporal variations can be due to many factors including: varying water sources through a season (i.e., rain versus snowmelt), variability in the amount of easily mobilized sediment stored in the channel, changing channel morphology due to intermittent events or changing climate, and variations in erosional processes supplying sediment to the river. Many studies have looked at the causes of the temporal variability in suspended...