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Precipitation, Pore-pressure, and Extensometer Measurements from area above the 1997 Woodway landslide, Snohomish County, Washington
On January 15, 1997, a landslide of approximately 100,000-m3 from a coastal bluff swept five cars of a freight train into Puget Sound at Woodway, Washington, USA, 25 km north of downtown Seattle. The landslide resulted from failure of a sequence of dense sands and hard silts of glacial and non-glacial origin, including hard, jointed clayey silt that rarely fails in natural slopes. Joints controlled ground-water seepage through the silt and break-up of the landslide mass. During September of 1997, the U.S. Geological Survey began measuring rainfall, ground-water pressures, and ground movement at the bluff where the landslide occurred. The original sensor array comprised a tipping-bucket rain gauge, four extensometers...