Filters: Tags: GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS (X)15 results (23ms)
Map of the Fish and Judy Creek Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). Fish Creek, Judy Creek, and the Ublutuoch River are almost entirely within the Beaufort Coastal Plain Ecoregion, though a small portion of Judy Creek extends into the Brooks Foothills. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Regional map showing the location of the TEON focal watersheds (colored polygons). White circles denote the locations of proposed observation sites. Collectively, these watersheds sample the major ecoregions (Nowacki et al., 2001) represented within the Alaska portion of the Arctic LCC.
The Terrestrial Environmental Observation Network (TEON) is intended to meet the need for a sustainable environmental observing network for northern Alaska. The TEON plan proposes collection of a time series of specific environmental variables in seven representative watersheds across northern Alaska. The Kuparuk River watershed is central to this plan both because of its location that bisects Alaska’s North Slope and its record of hydroclimatic data and research now surpassing 30-yrs. Nested catchments within and adjacent to this sentinel Arctic river system integrate climate and landscape responses from the Brooks Range foothills (Imnavait Creek and Upper Kuparuk River) to the Arctic Coastal Plain (Putuligayuk...
Map of the Upper Koyukuk River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). This large area drains the southern Brooks Range ecoregion and extends downstream into the Kobuk Ridges and Valleys outside of the Arctic LCC boundary. Compared to other sites in TEON, these rivers are larger basins and reflect higher relief landscapes. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Map of the Hulahula River Area and location of observation sites. This focal watershed provides the greatest opportunity to characterize conditions within and fluxes from the Brooks Range Ecoregion. Though the Foothills region isextensive, the watersheds narrow as they cross the Coastal Plain in the easternpart of the North Slope. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Map of the Agashashok River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). This focal watershed is in the southwest corner of the Arctic LCC and largely drains the Brooks Range ecoregion with a small portion of the lower basin in the Kobuk Ridges and Valleys ecoregion. The braided character of the lower river prevents us from suggesting a long term gaging station in that location. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Since the late 1950s, the USGS has maintained a long-term glacier mass-balance program at three North American glaciers. Measurements began on South Cascade Glacier, WA in 1958, expanding to Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK in 1966, and later Sperry Glacier, MT in 2005. The Juneau Icefield Research Program has measured surface mass balance on Lemon Creek and Taku Glacier since the mid-1940s, with USGS providing complimentary seasonal measurements of Lemon Creek beginning in 2014 (JIRP; Pelto and others, 2013). Direct field measurements of point glaciological data are combined with weather and geodetic data to estimate the seasonal and annual mass balance at each glacier in both a conventional and reference surface...
Map of the Kokolik River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). The Kokolik River drains from the northwestern corner of the Brooks Range south and west to Kasegaluk Lagoon and the Chukchi Sea. It crosses the three ecoregions but has very little high elevation area. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
The Terrestrial Environmental Observation Network (TEON) is intended to meet the need for asustainable environmental observing network for northern Alaska. TEON is organized aroundrepresentative focal watersheds (Figure 1). TEON will collect, distribute, and synthesize long-termobservational data needed to detect and forecast effects of a changing climate, hydrology, andpermafrost regime on wildlife, habitat, and infrastructure in northern Alaska.
Ideal observation sites are located near tributary-mainstem confluences and provide frequent,synchronous measurements of physical, chemical, and biological attributes. This “nested watershed”design supports characterization of environmental conditions adjacent to the sampling stations, whileinstream hydrological measurements will reflect both local conditions and inputs from upstream. TEON observations sites are stratified by ecoregions, so we can aggregate data sets across the network to characterize conditions at the ecoregion scale.
TEON uses a “nested” approach to data collection. The smallest unit within TEON is a Station. Stationsinclude discrete sampling locations or units (e.g., plot or transect) where repeated measures of a givenvariable are collected to create a time-series. Data collected at a station may be relevant to localconditions (e.g., soil temperature at a given site) or applicable to a larger area (e.g., streamgage locatedat the lower end of a watershed). A Site is a collection of stations that are typically located within closeproximity to each other. Sites are grouped into Watersheds. Watersheds will encompass many ecotypes and span multiple ecoregions. Watersheds in aggregate form the TEON network.
Map of the Kuparuk River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). The Watershed spans from the upper Brooks Foothills to the Coastal Plain Ecoregions. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Registry of Scientific Collections: Scanned field notebooks from a USGS Benchmark Glacier, South Cascade Glacier, Washington,1957 - 2022
This data release is a collection of data and field notes documenting snow and ice changes on South Cascade Glacier, Washington, USA. The field records relate to glaciological research and reflect evolving interpretations of glacier mass balance, climatology, hydrology, and other glacier-related research conducted at the site between 1957 to 2022 in association with the USGS Benchmark Glacier Project. Notebooks have been scanned in their entirety in PDF format. The USGS Benchmark Glacier Project has monitored targeted mountain glaciers across North America since research was initiated at South Cascade Glacier in 1957. Data from the five benchmark glaciers located in Alaska, Washington, and Montana, provide continental-scale...
The Terrestrial Environmental Observation Network (TEON) is an effort to establish a sustainable environmental observing network of northern Alaska. TEON will focus work in watersheds that collectively represent the diversity of landscape settings at the ecoregional scale, take advantage of existing science infrastructure and logistics capacity, and provide opportunities to build on existing long-term data sets. Candidate watersheds for TEON include Agashashok River, Barrow/Meade River, Fish/Judy Creek, Hulahula/Jago River, Kokolik River, Kuparuk River, and Upper Koyukuk River.
Map of the Barrow/Meade River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). This area only includes the Brooks Foothill and Coastal Plain Ecoregions. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.