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The objectives of this SSP project were to develop a Geographic Information System (GIS)-based habitat model for the state of Louisiana and to develop a tool for evaluating the potential effects of various land-use changes on Louisiana black bears. A habitat model previously developed to assess habitat impacts of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on the coastal black bears in Louisiana (Murrow et al. 2012) was used as the starting point of the analysis for this study. That dataset was augmented with telemetry locations collected from 1993 to 2010 to extend and modify the original coastal model which was based on the Mahalanobis distance (D2) statistic. The goal was to then use that model to develop an estimator and user-friendly...
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The chucky madtom (Noturus crypticus) is a newly described species (Burr et al 2005) It is a candidate for federal listing and is known from only two streams in east Tennessee Dunn Creek in the French Broad River drainage and Little Chucky Creek in the Nolichucky River drainage. This QR project Final Report includes data collected under two separate contracts. The combined objectives were to: (1) conduct a survey for the chucky madtom in at least one reach of each tributary (contingent upon landowner permission), (2) survey Little Chucky Creek upstream of Rader, TN, (3) describe habitat at each tributary site sampled, and (4) transfer all chucky madtoms collected to CFI for propagation.
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This SSP project resulted in three publications focused on production and availabilty of seeds for waterfowl.
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Understanding effects of flow alteration on stream biota is essential to developing ecologically sustainable water supply strategies. We evaluated effects of altering flows via surface water withdrawals and instream reservoirs on stream fish assemblages, and compared effects with other hypothesized drivers of species richness and assemblage composition. We sampled fishes during three years in 28 streams used for municipal water supply in the Piedmont region of Georgia, U.S.A. Study sites had permitted average withdrawal rates that ranged from < 0.05 to > 13 times the stream's seven-day, ten-year recurrence low flow (7Q10), and were located directly downstream either from a water supply reservoir or from a withdrawal...
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A draft report and supporting information was produced by this SSP project. A scoping and reconnaissance study was conducted by the US Geological Survey in cooperation with the US Fish and Wildlife Service and National Park Service. Sediment, surface water and pore water samples were collected at 21 sites in the Clinch, Powell and South Fork Cumberland River basins in 2004-05. Three coal ponds (one yard sump and two drying cells) were also sampled in 2005. Surficial streambed sediment ranged from 0 to 47.7 percent coal and was composed predominantly of sand and gravel. Sediment quality guidelines were periodically exceeded at several sites for arsenic, chromium, lead and 22 of 31 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons...
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This SSP project resulted in production of a thesis: Differences in oxygen consumption and critical oxygen levels of five stream fishes. Metabolic rate represents an integrated measure of a fish's physiology, particularly as it relates to stressors. A metric that is commonly used to determine the hypoxia tolerance of fishes is the determination of animal oxygen consumption rate (MO2), which is thought to reflect the ability of an organism to extract oxygen from the environment to maintain routine metabolic rate as dissolved oxygen (DO) decreases. We used respirometry to quantify the influence of two abiotic factors as potential stressors on stream fishes: temperature and dissolved oxygen. We determined standard...
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Hawksbill turtle populations have been severely depleted. We compared genetic diversity of females nesting at Buck Island Reef National Monument, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands with juveniles foraging in the region using standard control region sequences supplemented with nuclear microsatellite data. Four 760-base pair haplotypes were present among the expanded rookery samples: EiA01, EiA03, EiA11, and EiA20. In contrast, 61 foraging juveniles yielded 14 haplotypes, including three orphan haplotypes that have only been described from foraging aggregations and one novel haplotype. The haplotype frequencies for the foraging aggregation were distinct from those described from the Gulf of Mexico and Florida coast but...
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This SSP project contributed to completion of three publications. One focused on survival of American woodcock using data from Michigan collected 1978-1998 and two focused on fall migration progression, rates, direction and destination.
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No report for this QR project is available at this time. This project initially set out to expose snakeheads and flathead catfish (2 invasive fishes) to electric fields in a controlled laboratory study. This turned out to be not feasible for two reasons. Permits to hold the right species of snakeheads on campus could not be obtained, and flathead catfish of appropriate sizes that had not been previously exposed to electric fields (i.e., not captured by electrofishing) could not be attained. The objectives (and timeline) were revised to focus on food web relations for snakeheads and flathead catfish, specifically: (a) Determine trophic level and sources of prey for northern snakeheads collected from the Potomac...
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This QR project resulted in a report and a publication. The Kentucky arrow darter (Etheostoma spilotum, KAD) is a species of conservation concern due to its fragmented distribution and threats from anthropogenic stressors. In this report, I evaluate the relationship between KAD abundance and stream conductivity in the upper Kentucky River basin. Stream conductivity represents an indicator of exposure to headwater mining operations and/or shale gas development and may have direct or indirect effects on stream fish distributions. I used nonlinear regression techniques to evaluate change points and associated confidence intervals for KAD abundance related to conductivity levels. I also evaluated blackside dace (Chrosomus...
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This SSP project resulted in a thesis, dissertation, and final report. Newell, P. 2008. Pileated woodpeckers (Dryocopus pileatus) and saproxylic beetles in partial cut and uncut bottomland hardwood forests. M. S. Thesis, Louisiana State University. Gee, H. K. W. 2012. The effect of hydrologic modifications on floodplain forest tree recruitment and growth. Ph.D. dissertation, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. Pileated woodpeckers (Dryocopus pileatus) and saproxylic beetles in partial cut and uncut bottomland hardwood forests. Final Report
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This SSP project produced a Final Report and two publications. Carey, C.S., J.W. Jones, R.S. Butler, E.M. Hallerman. 2015. Restoring the endangered oyster mussel (Epioblasma capsaeformis) to the upper Clinch River, Virginia: an evaluation of population restoration techniques. Restoration Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/rec.12195. From 2005 to 2011, the federally endangered freshwater mussel Epioblasma capsaeformis (oyster mussel) was reintroduced at three sites in the upper Clinch River, Virginia, using four release techniques. These release techniques were (1) translocation of adults (site 1, n=1418), (2) release of laboratory-propagated sub-adults (site 1, n=2851), (3) release of 8-week-old laboratory-propagated juveniles...
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One of the most diverse freshwater mussel assemblages in the world once occurred in the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers. Several of these species are now extinct; others linger on as relic, nonreproducing populations, and populations of the remaining species have also declined. Although many factors contributed to the decline of mussels, habitat loss from impoundments and poor water quality in tailwaters have been major causes. Recently, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) initiated a major program to improve water quality in the tailwaters by maintaining minimum flows and by oxygenating discharged water. This program has resulted in significant improvements in water quality. These improvements have resulted in...
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This SSP project resulted in one scientific investigations report A one-dimensional step-backwater model was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge, North Carolina, to provide a means for predicting flood-plain inundation. The model was developed for selected reaches of the Pee Dee River, Brown Creek, and Rocky River, using the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydrologic Engineering Center River Analysis System (HEC-RAS) software. Multiple cross sections were defined on each modeled stream, and hydrologic data were collected between August 2011 and August 2013 at selected locations on the Pee Dee River and on its tributaries...
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This SSP project conducted from FY2002-2006 had several parts: The optimal control model portion which was worked on by Scott Duke Sylvester for his dissertation research. A spore dispersal study conducted by Allison Snow (USGS employee based at the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee NWR) A spore germination study conducted by Erynn Call (USGS employee based at the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee NWR) A user interface for Scott's model done by Gareth Mann and Leonard Pearlstine, University of Florida. An analysis of Lygodium in the refuge from IKONOS data done by Ken Rutchey at South Florida Water Management District. The first and last projects were not funded with SSP funds, but are considered part of the project....
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Products from this SSP project consisted of a large amount of GIS data, analysis, and maps. There were shared GIS personnel for FWS served by this SSP project that generated lots of maps and direct services.


map background search result map search result map Current distribution and control of the invasive Old World climbing fern on the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee NWR and in the South Florida Ecosystem Relations between stream biotic integrity and proportion of annual surface water runoff consumed for human use Woodcock radio-telemetry with expert workshops Habitat Characterization and Distribution Surveys for Chucky Madtom (Noturus elegans) in Tributaries to Little Chucky Creek Dissolved Oxygen Requirements for Freshwater Mussels Phase 1:  Development of Test Systems and Experimental Protocols Hydraulic Modeling for Management Application at Pee Dee NWR Landscape modeling of Kentucky arrow darter (Etheostoma sagitta spilotum) occurrence and response to water quality parameters Identification of previously undocumented Florida Grasshopper Sparrow (FGSP), Ammodramus savannarum floridanus, occurrences on public and private lands, and confirmation of the current population status and distribution King Rail Habitat Relationships in Freshwater Marshes of Southwestern Louisiana and Southeastern Texas Development of techniques to propagate freshwater mussels utilizing existing fish hatcheries Moist-soil management in former catfish production ponds acquired by Refuges in western Mississippi A habitat assessment tool for the Louisiana black bear Augment and expand existing endangered and species of concern mussel populations in the upper Tennessee and Cumberland River systems, Tennessee Sampling Vulnerability of Invasive Freshwater Fishes:   Snakeheads and Flathead Catfish Assessment of Bottomland Hardwood Forest Dynamics: Implications to Ivory-billed Woodpecker Habitat Survey of Dan and Roanoke River Drainages in North Carolina and Virginia for a Potentially New Species of Unionid Mussel Effects of sediment toxicity from coal mining on endangered mussel populations in the Upper Tennessee and Cumberland river drainages Adaptation and establishment of microchemical methods to analyze elemental patterns in calcified structures of sturgeon for determining origins and movements of freshwater sturgeon in the Mississippi and Missouri river basins Conservation Planning in the Active Floodplain of the Lower Mississippi River Hawksbill sea turtle genetics: Determining genetic relationships among Caribbean hawksbill nesting populations and origin of juveniles sampled at Buck Island Hawksbill sea turtle genetics: Determining genetic relationships among Caribbean hawksbill nesting populations and origin of juveniles sampled at Buck Island Current distribution and control of the invasive Old World climbing fern on the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee NWR and in the South Florida Ecosystem Relations between stream biotic integrity and proportion of annual surface water runoff consumed for human use Habitat Characterization and Distribution Surveys for Chucky Madtom (Noturus elegans) in Tributaries to Little Chucky Creek Development of techniques to propagate freshwater mussels utilizing existing fish hatcheries Augment and expand existing endangered and species of concern mussel populations in the upper Tennessee and Cumberland River systems, Tennessee Dissolved Oxygen Requirements for Freshwater Mussels Phase 1:  Development of Test Systems and Experimental Protocols Landscape modeling of Kentucky arrow darter (Etheostoma sagitta spilotum) occurrence and response to water quality parameters A habitat assessment tool for the Louisiana black bear Assessment of Bottomland Hardwood Forest Dynamics: Implications to Ivory-billed Woodpecker Habitat Hydraulic Modeling for Management Application at Pee Dee NWR Conservation Planning in the Active Floodplain of the Lower Mississippi River Moist-soil management in former catfish production ponds acquired by Refuges in western Mississippi Adaptation and establishment of microchemical methods to analyze elemental patterns in calcified structures of sturgeon for determining origins and movements of freshwater sturgeon in the Mississippi and Missouri river basins Identification of previously undocumented Florida Grasshopper Sparrow (FGSP), Ammodramus savannarum floridanus, occurrences on public and private lands, and confirmation of the current population status and distribution Sampling Vulnerability of Invasive Freshwater Fishes:   Snakeheads and Flathead Catfish Survey of Dan and Roanoke River Drainages in North Carolina and Virginia for a Potentially New Species of Unionid Mussel Effects of sediment toxicity from coal mining on endangered mussel populations in the Upper Tennessee and Cumberland river drainages Woodcock radio-telemetry with expert workshops King Rail Habitat Relationships in Freshwater Marshes of Southwestern Louisiana and Southeastern Texas