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Tiq'atl'ena Bena, TAL-049, is a multi-component archaeological site in the Sustina River Basin of Cook Inlet, southcentral Alaska, along Hewitt Lake near the confluence of the Yentna and Skwentna Rivers in the Talkeetna USGS quadrangle. The site consists of six localities, all of which contain similar archaeological features. Archaeological excavations have been performed in one semi-subterannean house feature in one of these localities (Wrathall Locality). Twelve other semi-subterannean features are documented in the Wrathall Locality but none have been excavated or tested. The excavations completed provide evidence of historic and prehistoric occupations. These occupations date from 4410 ± 90 years Before Present...
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Dena'ina oral tradition indicates that the antecedent worldview brought with the migrating Athabascan Dena'ina into the Cook Inlet Basin and the Lake Clark/Iliamna Lake region included dual organization, perhaps moieties, matrilineal descent, a preferential rule for cross cousin marriage, and customs in which on ceremonial occasions guests would perform services for hosts, who recompensed the former with goods. Archaeological and ethnographic evidence is summarized in this thesis that indicates that the Dena'ina communal hunting and gathering and intensive salmon fishing strategy, in combination with borrowed Alutiiq technology, was a successful adaptation to the maritime/riverine environment of the Cook Inlet Basin...
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This research is directed at addressing questions about the role of social networks in the evolution of social complexity in hunter-gatherers. Existing models of emergent complexity in northern hunter-gatherers point to the role of interaction across ecological zones in the development of a specialized maritime economy, increasingly complex social organization, and social inequality. Yet archaeological evidence of interaction remains, for the most part, unevaluated in relationship to these hypotheses. This study tests the hypothesis that the development and maintenance of social alliance and exchange systems was critical to the emergence of social complexity in Arctic peoples. Patterning of ceramic formal and compositional...
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The subarctic boreal forest, or taiga, is the largest biome in the world but has received minimal archaeological research because of its remoteness and difficult working conditions. In Southcentral Alaska the most common archaeological sites are surface manifestations of proto-historic semi-subterranean caches once used for food storage and living structures. However, in dense summer vegetation, these small-scale features are difficult to locate without high intensity pedestrian survey. To test the usefulness of LiDAR data for archaeological prospection in the taiga, we compare LiDAR imagery to the known distribution of small-scale semi-subterranean cultural features. The use of LiDAR, when complemented with Sky-View...
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RÉSUMÉ. Les gouvernements des Premières Nations du sud du Yukon figurent au rang des partenaires du projet des névés du Yukon, dans le cadre duquel des chercheurs font des fouilles dans les névés de sommet de montagnes où d'anciens artefacts de chasse sont retrouvés. Les programmes du patrimoine administrés par ces gouvernements, qui coordonnent la participation de leurs citoyens à ces activités, mettent l'accent sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel. Aux yeux de ces gouvernements, ce projet constitue une occasion de renforcer leur culture, de faire en sorte que les citoyens connaissent mieux leur histoire et d'exprimer les valeurs des Premières Nations en ce qui a trait aux ressources culturelles. La principale...
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The Kennecott Cemetery is a component landscape of the Kennecott Mines National Historic Landmark. It is located a quarter mile south from the Kennecott Mill Town site, within the boundaries of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. The cemetery is accessed by the old Wagon Road, the original access road for the Kennecott Mill Town before the railroad was completed in 1911. This road has also been referred to as the South Glacier Trail. The site boundaries include all known historic features and relevant landscape characteristics within the cemetery associated with the settlement and social history of Kennecott. Contributing features include fifty grave markers, subterranean structures, fences and...
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This thesis examines the archaeological and palaeoenvironmental record of the Beaver Creek area of west-central Yukon, through detailed excavation and analysis of cultural materials from KaVn-2, a late Pleistocene multi-component archaeological site located in the Shakwak Trench, and literature review. KaVn-2 contains evidence of initial human occupation dating to between 10,670 and 10,130 C14 years BP. The site, positioned approximately one kilometre within the maximum extent of ice during the last glaciation, became ice-free about 11,000 C14 years BP and was inhabited shortly thereafter. Later occupations span most of the Holocene. Lithic artifacts recovered from the early component show affinities to those from...
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The Nugget Creek landscape is a historic vernacular landscape that exemplifies the evolution of small-scale copper-lode mine on the Kuskulana drainage in the copper belt of the Chitina Valley, Alaska. The Kuskulana drainage is situated along the western slope of the Wrangell mountains, and is a tributary of the Chitina River, which is the major western-flowing-tributary of the Copper River. The property is owned by the federal government within the boundaries of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. Access is along a dirt road/ATV trail from Strelna, at mile 14.5 of the McCarthy road. The McCarthy road was the original route of the Copper River and Northwest Railroad, which connected the famous copper mines...


map background search result map search result map Dena'ina Resistance to Russian Hegemony, Late Eighteenth and Ninetenth Centuries: Cook Inlet, Alaska Hewitt Lake (Tiq'atl'ena Bena) archaeological investigations From Tundra to Forest: Ceramic Distribution and Social Interaction in Northwest Alaska Conservation, continuity, and negotiation of a Proto-Athabascan worldview by the Dena'ina KaVn-2: An eastern Beringian tradition archaeological site in west-central Yukon Territory, Canada Kennecott Cemetery: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve, National Park Service Nugget Creek: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve, National Park Service Cultural Landscapes, Past and Present, and the South Yukon Ice Patches Detecting Late Holocene cultural landscape modifications using LiDAR imagery in the Boreal Forest, Susitna Valley, Southcentral Alaska KaVn-2: An eastern Beringian tradition archaeological site in west-central Yukon Territory, Canada Hewitt Lake (Tiq'atl'ena Bena) archaeological investigations Cultural Landscapes, Past and Present, and the South Yukon Ice Patches Detecting Late Holocene cultural landscape modifications using LiDAR imagery in the Boreal Forest, Susitna Valley, Southcentral Alaska Kennecott Cemetery: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve, National Park Service Nugget Creek: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve, National Park Service From Tundra to Forest: Ceramic Distribution and Social Interaction in Northwest Alaska Conservation, continuity, and negotiation of a Proto-Athabascan worldview by the Dena'ina Dena'ina Resistance to Russian Hegemony, Late Eighteenth and Ninetenth Centuries: Cook Inlet, Alaska