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The paper investigates whether the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol has played a significant role in the development of rural communities, specifically investigating uptake of small-scale renewable energy projects. The investigation involved an assessment of 500 registered small-scale CDM projects under the Kyoto Protocol in terms of their potential impact on the envisaged sustainable development goals for rural communities. Five case studies from the Indian subcontinent were also examined. The paper concludes that the CDM in its current state and design has typically failed to deliver the promised benefits with regard to development objectives in rural areas. Successful projects were found...
The paper investigates whether the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol has played a significant role in the development of rural communities, specifically investigating uptake of small-scale renewable energy projects. The investigation involved an assessment of 500 registered small-scale CDM projects under the Kyoto Protocol in terms of their potential impact on the envisaged sustainable development goals for rural communities. Five case studies from the Indian subcontinent were also examined. The paper concludes that the CDM in its current state and design has typically failed to deliver the promised benefits with regard to development objectives in rural areas. Successful projects were found...
ELECTRICITY GENERATED FROM WIND POWER WILL PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE in the future energy supply in many countries. This implies the need to integrate this power into the existing electricity supply system, which was mainly designed for large units of fossil fuel and nuclear power stations. Wind power has different characteristics and therefore this integration leads to some important challenges from the point of view of the electricity system. The availability of the power supply generated from wind energy varies fundamentally from that generated conventionally from fossil fuels. The most important difference is that wind power generation depends on the availability of the wind; i.e., it is weather dependent. In the...
This paper examines information technology's increasingly important role within the energy sector. It is helping to temper the rising costs and risks associated with scarcity; reduce the cost, and enhance the performance, of energy capital goods; and raise the productivity of installed assets. In particular it is capital-saving in a highly capital-intensive area of the economy. Information technology also opens up new organizational possibilities, especially in relation to gas and electricity supply systems. The responsibility of government is less to support energy R&D than to provide the appropriate institutional and regulatory framework within which the full benefits of the new technology can be realized.