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Filters: Tags: Effects of change in air temp. and precip. on forests (X)

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This package contains 13 polygon layers representing baseline and predicted future climate niches (2050s & 2080s) of Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis). The modeling algorithm Maxent and the Worldclim predictor set have been used to compute niche projections under two emission scenarios (A1B & A2A) based on three general circulation models (CSIRO, CCCMA & HADCM3). The shapefiles are derived from gridded model outputs with a grid cell resolution of 30 arc-seconds.
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This package contains 13 polygon layers representing baseline and predicted future climate niches (2050s & 2080s) of Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis). The modeling algorithm Maxent and the Worldclim predictor set have been used to compute niche projections under two emission scenarios (A1B & A2A) based on three general circulation models (CSIRO, CCCMA & HADCM3). The shapefiles are derived from gridded model outputs with a grid cell resolution of 30 arc-seconds.
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This dataset represents the average amount of Growing Degree Days (GDD) per year within each HUC5 watershed, simulated by the model MC1 for the 30-year period 1971-2000. Growing degree days (referenced to 0oC) (unit = deg C days) were determined for each HUC5 watershed. Watersheds represent 5th level (HUC5, 10-digit) hydrologic unit boundaries. They were acquired from the Natural Resources Conservation Service. Background: The dynamic global vegetation model MC1 (see Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts for OR, WA, AZ and NM, for a project funded by the USDA Forest Service (PNW 09-JV-11261900-003). The MC1 model...
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Vegetation types from Kuchler (1975) potential vegetation map were aggregated into 35 classes as part of the VEMAP project (Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project, Kittel et al. 1995). Functional vegetation types were reclassified (grouped in ArcMap) by the Conservation Biology Institute to reflect the classification scheme used by Brendan Rogers.
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This set of files includes downscaled projections of decadal means of annual mean temperatures (in degrees Celsius, no unit conversion necessary) for each decade from 1910 - 2006 (CRU TS 3.0) or 2009 (CRU TS 3.1) at 771x771 meter spatial resolution. Each file represents a decadal mean of an annual mean calculated from mean monthly data. The spatial extent includes Alaska. Each set of files originates from the Climatic Research Unit (CRU, http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/) TS 3.0 or 3.1 dataset. TS 3.0 extends through December 2006 while 3.1 extends to December 2009. ============================= Downscaling: These files are bias corrected and downscaled via the delta method using PRISM (http://prism.oregonstate.edu/)...
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This set of files includes downscaled projections of decadal means of monthly mean temperatures (in degrees Celsius, no unit conversion necessary) for each month of every decade from 2010 - 2100 (see exceptions below) at 771x771 meter spatial resolution. Each file represents a mean monthly mean in a given decade. The spatial extent includes Alaska. ========= Overview: Most of SNAP’s climate projections come in multiple versions. There are 5 climate models, one 5 model average, 3 climate scenarios, 12 months, and 100 years. This amounts to 21,600 files per variable for monthly data. Some datasets are derived products such as monthly decadal averages or specific seasonal averages, among others. This specific dataset...
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Climate data (NCEP: Average Annual Temperature, 1968-1999) have been generated using a regional climate model called RegCM3 using boundary conditions from observations or general circulation models for historical conditions, and from GCM projections for future conditions. Regional climate model description: RegCM3 is the third generation of the Regional Climate Model originally developed at the National Center for Atmospheric Research during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Details on current model components and applications of the model can be found in numerous publications (e.g., Giorgi et al, 2004a,b, Pal et al, 2007), the ICTP RegCNET web site (http://users.ictp.it/RegCNET/model.html), and the ICTP RegCM publications...
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This dataset depicts the Difference for Average Summer Temperature for Jul-Sep for 2045-2060 compared to 1968-1999 for GFDL. These data have been generated using a regional climate model called RegCM3 using boundary conditions from observations or general circulation models for historical conditions, and from GCM projections for future conditions. Regional climate model description: RegCM3 is the third generation of the Regional Climate Model originally developed at the National Center for Atmospheric Research during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Details on current model components and applications of the model can be found in numerous publications (e.g., Giorgi et al, 2004a,b, Pal et al, 2007), the ICTP RegCNET...
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Change in the majority generalized vegetation type for each HUC5 watershed between historical (1971-2000) and future (2071-2100) time periods. The MC1 dynamic vegetation model was run under the CSIRO, MIROC, and Hadley climate change projections and the A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. Majority generalized vegetation type was determined for each HUC5 watershed from from original ~ 4 km raster data. Generalized vegetation types were assigned by combining detailed MC1 vegetation classes into four general catagories: desert, grassland, shrubland, and forest. Watersheds represent 5th level (HUC5, 10-digit) hydrologic unit boundaries and were acquired from the Natural Resources Conservation Service. Background:...
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Percent change in the mean area burned per year (per ~4 km pixel) for each HUC5 watershed between historical (1971-2000) and future (2071-2100) time periods. The MC1 dynamic vegetation model was run under the CSIRO, MIROC, and Hadley climate change projections and the A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. Mean area burned per year per ~4 km pixel (in square meters), was determined for each HUC5 watershed. Watersheds represent 5th level (HUC5, 10-digit) hydrologic unit boundaries and were acquired from the Natural Resources Conservation Service. Background: The dynamic global vegetation model MC1 (see Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water...
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For his MS thesis, Brendan Rogers used climate data from the PRISM group (Chris Daly, Oregon State University) at a 30arc second (800m) spatial grain across the western 2/3 of the states of Oregon and Washington to generate a climatology or baseline. He then created future climate change scenarios using statistical downscaling to create anomalies from three General Circulation Models (CSIRO Mk3, MIROC 3.2 medres, and Hadley CM 3), each run through three CO2 emission scenarios (SRES B1, A1B, and A2).
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This set of files includes downscaled historical estimates of decadal means of annual total precipitation (in milimeters, no unit conversion necessary) for each decade from1910 - 2006 (CRU TS 3.0) or 2009 (CRU TS 3.1.01) at 2x2 kilometer spatial resolution. Each file represents a decadal mean of an annual total calculated from monthly totals. The spatial extent includes Alaska, the Yukon Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Each set of files originates from the Climatic Research Unit (CRU, http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/) TS 3.0 or 3.1.01 dataset. TS 3.0 extends through December 2006 while 3.1.01 extends to December 2009. ============================= Downscaling: These files are bias...
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This data was produced in collaboration with The Wilderness Society. This set of files includes downscaled historical estimates of monthly total potential evapotranspiration (in millimeters, no unit conversion necessary) for each month of every year from January 1901 - December 2006 at 2x2 kilometer spatial resolution. Each file represents a single month in a given year. The spatial extent includes Alaska. These potential evapotranspiration (PET) estimates were produced using the Hamon equation (Lu et al. 2005), which calculates PET as a function of temperature and day length. Potential evapotranspiration may also be influenced by cloud cover, humidity, and wind speed. The Hamon equation can not explicitly...
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Two future climate change scenarios at a resolution of 0.5 degree latitude/longitude for the conterminous United States were used in the Vegetation Ecosystems Modelling Analysis Project (VEMAP): a moderately warm scenario produced by the general circulation model from the Hadley Climate Centre [Johns et al., 1997; Mitchell and Johns, 1997], HADCM2SUL (up to a 2.8oC increase in average annual U.S. temperature in 2100) and a warmer scenario (up to a 5.8oC increase in average annual U.S. temperature in 2100), CGCM1, from the Canadian Climate Center [Boer et al., 1999a, 1999b; Flato et al., 1999]. Both general circulation models (GCMs) included sulfate aerosols and a fully dynamic 3-D ocean. Both transient scenarios...
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This dataset represents the historical majority vegetation type (30 year mode), for each HUC5 watershed, simulated by the model MC1 for the 30-year period 1971-2000. Majority vegetation type was determined for each HUC5 watershed by calculating the 30 year mode from original ~ 4 km raster data. Watersheds represent 5th level (HUC5, 10-digit) hydrologic unit boundaries and were acquired from the Natural Resources Conservation Service. Background: The dynamic global vegetation model MC1 (see Bachelet et al.2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, a nd wild fire impacts for OR, WA, AZ and NM, for a project funded by the USDA Forest Service (PNW09-JV-11261900-003)....
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This set of files includes downscaled projections decadal means of annual of day of freeze or thaw for each decade from 2010 - 2100 (see exceptions below) at 2x2 kilometer spatial resolution. Each file represents a decadal mean of an annual mean calculated from mean monthly data. ========================================== Units are ordinal day 15-350 with the below special cases. For Day of Freeze (DOF) 0 = Primarily Frozen 365 = Rarely Freezes For Day of Thaw (DOT) 0 = Rarely Freezes 365 = Primarily Frozen ========================================== The spatial extent includes Alaska, the Yukon Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ========= Overview: Most of SNAP’s climate projections...
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This set of files includes downscaled projections of decadal means of annual total precipitation (in milimeters, no unit conversion necessary) for each decade from 2010 - 2100 (see exceptions below) at 2x2 kilometer spatial resolution. Each file represents a decadal mean of an annual total calculated from monthly totals. The spatial extent includes Alaska, the Yukon Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ========= Overview: Most of SNAP’s climate projections come in multiple versions. There are 5 climate models, one 5 model average, 3 climate scenarios, 12 months, and 100 years. This amounts to 21,600 files per variable for monthly data. Some datasets are derived products such as monthly...
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This set of files includes downscaled projections of decadal means of seasonal mean temperatures (in degrees Celsius, no unit conversion necessary) for each season of every decade from 2010 - 2100 (see exceptions below) at 2x2 kilometer spatial resolution. Each file represents a seasonal mean in a given decade. The four seasons are referred to by the first letter of 3 months making up that season. JJA=summer SON=fall DJF=winter MAM=spring The spatial extent includes Alaska, the Yukon Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ========= Overview: Most of SNAP’s climate projections come in multiple versions. There are 5 climate models, one 5 model average, 3 climate scenarios, 12 months,...
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This set of files includes downscaled projections of decadal means of seasonal total precipitation (in millimeters, no unit conversion necessary) for each season of every decade from 2010 - 2100 (see exceptions below) at 771x771 meter spatial resolution. Each file represents a mean seasonal total in a given decade. The four seasons are referred to by the first letter of 3 months making up that season. JJA=summer SON=fall DJF=winter MAM=spring The spatial extent includes Alaska. ========= Overview: Most of SNAP’s climate projections come in multiple versions. There are 5 climate models, one 5 model average, 3 climate scenarios, 12 months, and 100 years. This amounts to 21,600 files per variable for monthly data....
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This set of files includes downscaled projections of decadal means of annual length of growing season (numbers of days, 0-365) for each decade from 2010 - 2100 (see exceptions below) at 2x2 kilometer spatial resolution. Each file represents a decadal mean of an annual mean calculated from mean monthly data. The spatial extent includes Alaska, the Yukon Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ========= Overview: Most of SNAP’s climate projections come in multiple versions. There are 5 climate models, one 5 model average, 3 climate scenarios, 12 months, and 100 years. This amounts to 21,600 files per variable for monthly data. Some datasets are derived products such as monthly decadal...


map background search result map search result map Aggregated potential vegetation map from Kuchler (1975) for the western 2/3 of OR and WA 4KM Original: Average Summer Temperature (1968-1999) from NCEP-driven RegCM3 climate model (Western US) 4KM Difference: Average Summer Temperature for Jul-Sep (2045-2060) from GFDL-driven RegCM3 climate model (Western US) Baseline and predicted future climate niches of Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis) based on three general circulation models and two emission scenarios Baseline and predicted future climate niches of Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis) based on three general circulation models and two emission scenarios Historical Growing Degree Days (average 1971-2000) for OR and WA, USA Projected annual average temperature (degrees C) under CCC future climate scenario 2070-2099 (VEMAP version) Projected (2070-2099) mean monthly temperature (degrees C) under Miroc A2 for western Oregon and Washington (USA) Simulated change in generalized vegetation types between historical and future time periods under three climate change projections for OR and WA, USA Simulated historical majority vegetation type (1971-2000: 30 yr mode) for OR and WA, USA Simulated percent change in area burned between historical and future time periods under three climate change projections for OR and WA, USA Aggregated potential vegetation map from Kuchler (1975) for the western 2/3 of OR and WA Projected (2070-2099) mean monthly temperature (degrees C) under Miroc A2 for western Oregon and Washington (USA) Simulated percent change in area burned between historical and future time periods under three climate change projections for OR and WA, USA Historical Growing Degree Days (average 1971-2000) for OR and WA, USA Simulated change in generalized vegetation types between historical and future time periods under three climate change projections for OR and WA, USA Simulated historical majority vegetation type (1971-2000: 30 yr mode) for OR and WA, USA 4KM Original: Average Summer Temperature (1968-1999) from NCEP-driven RegCM3 climate model (Western US) 4KM Difference: Average Summer Temperature for Jul-Sep (2045-2060) from GFDL-driven RegCM3 climate model (Western US) Baseline and predicted future climate niches of Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis) based on three general circulation models and two emission scenarios Projected annual average temperature (degrees C) under CCC future climate scenario 2070-2099 (VEMAP version) Baseline and predicted future climate niches of Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis) based on three general circulation models and two emission scenarios