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Synopsis: Recent reports clearly indicate that odor emitted from concentrated livestock production facilities in the Midwest of the US is a significant social problem that negatively impacts rural and state economies, human health, and the quality of rural life. A potential incremental approach to dealing with livestock odor is the use of shelterbelts arranged in strategic designs near and within livestock facilities. This review outlines the various ways that shelterbelts can be effective technology which biophysically mitigates odor thereby reducing social conflict from odor nuisance. The biophysical potential of shelterbelts to mitigate livestock odor arises from the tree/shrub impacts on the central characteristics...
This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
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Conclusions: Few species were in fact influenced by grassland amount or fragmentation. In contrast, distance to edge and local vegetation characteristics had significant effects on densities and nest success of many species. Thresholds/Learnings: Great Plains toads thrive when >75% of the landscape is composed of native prairie components (i.e. shrubs, graminoids, riparian areas, lakes, wetlands, and trees) . Synopsis: In Alberta, Great Plains toads are found in the dry mixed grass of the southeastern corner of the province. Typical breeding habitat tends to be in shallow ponds with relatively fresh, clear water in sandy soil. In this report habitat suitability was evaluated for the Great Plains toad according...
This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
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Conclusions: Elk consistently selected for big basin sagebrush, greasewood, and tree cover; and consistently selected against Wyoming sagebrush, mixed shrub, and bare ground/sand. Selection patterns were similar during the winter, except big basin sagebrush and mixed shrubs were selected in proportion to their availability. Elk tend to prefer areas characterized by edge habitat where quality forage and cover habitats are in close proximity to one another. Thresholds/Learnings: Elk use was highest in summer in areas characterized by diverse habitats and >2800m away from major roads. High use areas during winter were similar, although elk tended to use areas slightly closer to roads (>2100m away), which is largely...
This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
Juniperus woodlands are widely distributed in western North America. Few studies of seedling emergence, long-term survival, growth or mortality of the dominant Juniperus spp. in these woodlands have been carried out. Consequently, regeneration dynamics in these woodlands are poorly understood. Juniperus ashei is the dominant woody plant in the majority of woodland and savanna communities of the Edwards Plateau region in central Texas. We examined the emergence, mortality and growth of various spatial and temporal cohorts of J. ashei seedlings over an eight or nine-year period. Greatest emergence was found during the cool, mostly winter months and under the canopy of mature J. ashei trees. Emergence was significantly...
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Synopsis: Preliminary research and observations made by farmers suggest that shelterbelts placed around livestock production facilities may effectively reduce movement of odors emitted by manure to neighbouring properties. Essentially, trees can be 'put to work' to reduce the movement of livestock production odors off-site. An odor-emitting source can include a livestock production barn, manure storage or a farm field where manure is being spread. Shelterbelts have the ability to reduce odor concentrations significantly at or very near the source, which greatly improves the effectiveness of separation distances. There are five ways that treed windbreaks and shelterbelts can reduce the effects of livestock odor...
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Synopsis: This document details the Milk River Basin project, designed to produce innovative approaches to multi-species management in Southern Alberta. The Milk River basin contains a variety of ‘sensitive’, ‘at risk’, and ‘may be at risk’ species. The process of prioritizing the landscape for conservation and stewardship was driven by species inventories to identify known locations, and Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) models to delimit suitable key habitat for the 17 selected species. The construction of the models was limited to the available variables and resolution of the databases. For MULTISAR: the Milk River Basin Project area this was the quarter section, the resolution of the Native Prairie Vegetation...
Synopsis: This book addresses issues of landscape fragmentation and ecology emanating from the construction and use of roads. The text highlights ecosystem implications of this type of linear disturbance in relation to the following topics: · Roads, vehicles, and transportation planning · Vegetation and roadsides · Wildlife populations and collision mortality · Water, sediment, and chemical flows · Aquatic ecosystems · Wind, noise, and atmospheric effects · Road networks and landscape fragmentation Conclusions: Book addresses issues of landscape fragmentation and ecology emanating from the construction and use of roads. The text highlights ecosystem implications...
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Conclusions: Edge structure affects movement patterns in chickadee flocks. Flocks tend to move parallel to forest edges. Thresholds/Learnings: Synopsis: During a two-year study of chickadee flocks in a fragmented agricultural landscape near Edmonton, Alberta, researchers tested the degree to which flocks responded to forest boundaries based on changes in vegetation, foraging sites, and edge structure near these boundaries. The results indicate that sharp forest boundaries (edges) acted strongly as movement corridors for birds, encouraging flocks to move parallel (within 75 m) to forest edges.
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Conclusions: Marten capture rates were negatively correlated with increasing proximity of open areas and increasing extent of high-contrast edges. Forested landscapes were unsuitable for martens when the average nearest-neighbor distance between open, non-forested patches was <100m. Thresholds/Learnings: Synopsis: This study aimed to determine whether American marten abundance changed with incremental increases in habitat fragmentation caused by the combined effects of natural openings and timber clearcuts. Researchers evaluated differences in marten capture rates in 18 study sites with different levels of fragmentation. Martens appeared to respond negatively to low levels of habitat fragmentation, even with remaining...
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Synopsis: Large-scale patterns of land use and fragmentation have been associated with the decline of many imperiled wildlife populations. Lesser prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) are restricted to the southern Great Plains of North America, and their population and range have declined by > 90% over the past 100 years. Our objective was to examine scale-dependent relationships between landscape structure and change and long-term population trends for lesser prairie-chicken populations in the southern Great Plains. We used a geographic information system (GIS) to quantify landscape composition, pattern and change at multiple scales (extents) for fragmented agricultural landscapes surrounding 10 lesser...
This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....


    map background search result map search result map The influence of forest fragmentation and landscape pattern on American martens. Great Plains Toad (Bufo cognatus) Understanding avian responses to forest boundaries: a case study with chickadee winter flocks. Seasonal distribution and habitat use patterns of elk in the Jack Morrow Hills Planning Area Multi-scale effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on lesser prairie-chicken populations in the US souther Great Plains. Using Shelterbelts to Reduce Odors Associated with Livestock Production Barns. Mitigating swine odor with strategically designed shelterbelt systems: a review. The Milk River Basin Project; Habitat Suitability Models for Selected Wildlife Management Species No. 86. Alberta Species At Risk Report, Alberta Sustainable Resource Development, 2004 FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3009606_ne_14_1_20141016_20141201 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3009606_nw_14_1_20141016_20141201 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3009606_se_14_1_20141016_20141201 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3009606_sw_14_1_20141016_20141201 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Edge, TX 1962 USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Edge, TX 1962 FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3009606_ne_14_1_20141016_20141201 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3009606_nw_14_1_20141016_20141201 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3009606_se_14_1_20141016_20141201 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3009606_sw_14_1_20141016_20141201 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map Understanding avian responses to forest boundaries: a case study with chickadee winter flocks. USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Edge, TX 1962 USGS 1:24000-scale Quadrangle for Edge, TX 1962 Seasonal distribution and habitat use patterns of elk in the Jack Morrow Hills Planning Area The influence of forest fragmentation and landscape pattern on American martens. Multi-scale effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on lesser prairie-chicken populations in the US souther Great Plains. Great Plains Toad (Bufo cognatus) Using Shelterbelts to Reduce Odors Associated with Livestock Production Barns. Mitigating swine odor with strategically designed shelterbelt systems: a review.