Skip to main content
Advanced Search

Filters: Tags: ECOLOGY (X)

3,250 results (129ms)   

View Results as: JSON ATOM CSV
thumbnail
Perturbation analysis is a powerful tool to study population and community dynamics. This article describes expressions for sensitivity metrics reflecting changes in equilibrium occupancy resulting from small changes in the vital rates of patch occupancy dynamics (i.e., probabilities of local patch colonization and extinction). We illustrate our approach with a case study of occupancy dynamics of Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) nesting territories. Examination of the hypothesis of system equilibrium suggests that the system satisfies equilibrium conditions. Estimates of vital rates obtained using patch occupancy models are used to estimate equilibrium patch occupancy of eagles. We then compute estimates of sensitivity...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Ecology
Evidence from woodrat middens and tree rings at Dutch John Mountain (DJM) in northeastern Utah reveal spatiotemporal patterns of pinyon pine (Pinus edulis Engelm.) colonization and expansion in the past millennium. The DJM population, a northern outpost of pinyon, was established by long-distance dispersal (approximately 40 km). Growth of this isolate was markedly episodic and tracked multidecadal variability in precipitation. Initial colonization occurred by AD 1246, but expansion was forestalled by catastrophic drought (1250-1288), which we speculate produced extensive mortality of Utah Juniper (Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little), the dominant tree at DJM for the previous approximately 8700 years. Pinyon then...
Twelve northern desert shrub communities having the same macroclimate but differing habitats were studies. Arranged in order of decreasing production of live stems plus current growth, the communities were: (1) Sarcobatus vermiculatus (9,172 kg/ha), (2) Grayia spinosa (7,412 kg/ha), (3) Artemisia tridentata (5,474 kg/ha), (4) Chrysothamnus nauseosus (4,836 kg/ha), (5) Atriplex confertifolia (3,194 kg/ha), (6) Eurotia lanata (2,026 kg/ha), (7) Hilaria jamesii-Atriplex confertifolia (1,995 kg/ha), (8) Atriplex corrugata (1,949 kg/ha), (9) Chrysothamnus greenii filifolius (1,866 kg/ha), (10) Atriplex nuttallii (1,309 kg/ha), (11) Elymus salinus (865 kg/ha), and (12) Tetradymia spinosa (564 kg/ha). The communities were...
Past studies of plant?microbe interactions in the alpine nitrogen cycle have revealed a seasonal separation of N use, with plants absorbing N primarily during the summer months and microbes immobilizing N primarily during the autumn months. On the basis of these studies, it has been concluded that competition for N between plants and microbes is minimized along this seasonal gradient. In this study, we examined more deeply the links between microbial population dynamics and plant N availability in an alpine dry meadow. We conducted a year-round ?eld study and per formed experiments on isolated soil microorganisms. Based on previous work in this ecosystem, we hypothesized that microbial biomass would decline before...
The ecology of nectarivorous microbial communities remains virtually unknown, which precludes elucidating whether these organisms play some role in plant?pollinator mutualisms beyond minor commensalism. We simultaneously assessed microbial abundance and nectar composition at the individual nectary level in flowers of three southern Spanish bumble bee-pollinated plants (Helleborus foetidus, Aquilegia vulgaris, and Aquilegia pyrenaica cazorlensis). Yeasts were frequent and abundant in nectar of all species, and variation in yeast density was correlated with drastic changes in nectar sugar concentration and composition. Yeast communities built up in nectar from early to late floral stages, at which time all nectaries...