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In northern peatlands, subsurface ice formation is an important process that can control heat transport, groundwater flow, and biological activity. Temperature was measured over one and a half years in a vertical profile in the Red Lake Bog, Minnesota. To successfully simulate the transport of heat within the peat profile, the U.S. Geological Survey’s SUTRA computer code was modified. The modified code simulates fully saturated, coupled porewater-energy transport, with freezing and melting porewater, and includes proportional heat capacity and thermal conductivity of water and ice, decreasing matrix permeability due to ice formation, and latent heat. The model is verified by correctly simulating the Lunardini analytical...
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The distribution of permafrost in cold regions is subject to temporal and spatial changes influenced by climate, landscape disturbance, and ecosystem succession. Remote sensing from airborne and satellite platforms is increasing our understanding of landscape-scale permafrost distribution, but typically lacks the resolution to characterize finer-scale processes and phenomena, which are often better captured by surface geophysical methods. Specifically, the electrical conductivity of the earth can be used to infer lithological and pore fluid properties, and in this case to delineate frozen, partially frozen, and unfrozen ground. Here, we present electromagnetic induction (EMI) data collected in August 2012 around...


    map background search result map search result map Surface geophysical data for characterizing shallow, discontinuous frozen ground near Fort Yukon, Alaska Surface geophysical data for characterizing shallow, discontinuous frozen ground near Fort Yukon, Alaska