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The data consist of levels of organic pollutants found in the blue mussels (Mytelus trossulus) samples from 44 sites along the Aleutian archipelago and in Cross Sound in southeast Alaska. For each site, the percent lipid, percent water and the sum of the target organic compounds are reported. The compounds are PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), DDTs (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes), HCHs (hexachlorocyclohexanes), chlordane, and HCB (hexachlorocyclobenzene).
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Benthic invertebrate communities are monitored because the composition of those communities can affect and be affected by the water quality of an aquatic system. Benthic communities use and sometimes regulate the cycling of essential elements (for example, carbon). Benthic invertebrate taxa may also indicate acute and chronic stressors in an environment because they accumulate contaminants and can respond – sometimes dramatically - to oligotrophic and eutrophic conditions. Benthic communities affect water quality by grazing pelagic food resources and increasing the rate of nutrient regeneration through feeding and bioturbating sediments. South San Francisco Bay is a system dependent on phytoplankton as the base...
In Texas, the USFWS is currently reviewing 11 mussel species for ESA protection and several of these species (e.g., Cyclonaias petrina, Texas Pimpleback, and Lampsilis bracteata, Texas Fatmucket) have been the primary focus of controlled propagation by several federal hatcheries. To date, information on genetic diversity within and across known populations for these species is incomplete and so the justification for their controlled propagation is unclear, and a genetic management plan to guide propagation activities does not exist. These unknowns raise serious questions about whether any of the 11 proposed species are truly in need of and would benefit from controlled propagation. The overall goal of this project...
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Sediment particles can strongly bind metals, effectively repartitioning them from solution to a solid phase. As a result, sediments may accumulate and retain metals released to an aquatic environment. Sediment cores provide a historical record of metal inputs that can reveal anthropogenic influences (Förstner and Wittmann, 1979). Specifically, studies of sediment cores in San Francisco Bay chronicled metal inputs and suggested that legacy contamination can remain a chronic source of metals to the system owing to sediment mixing and redistribution (Hornberger and others, 1999; Van Geen and Luoma, 1999). Metals in sediments also indicate exposure levels to benthic animals through contact with, and ingestion of, bottom...
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Species occurrence records of the taxonomic class of Bivalvia in oceans within 1000 kilometers of the United States shoreline. This is a subset of the OBIS-USA dataset where Bivalvia records were queried on December 2, 2014. After initial queries, the remaining data were further queried to retain only samples within 1000 kilometers of the U.S. shoreline. Spatial queries were then used to remove samples overlaying land masses. Data are provided in a geodatabase format, as well as a comma seperated values format. OBIS-USA provides aggregated, interoperable biogeographic data collected primarily from U.S. waters and oceanic regions--the Arctic, the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and...
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This part of the data release lists 18 localities where the shells of the tiger lucine Codakia orbicularis, a large marine bivalve, have been found on Anegada. Typically the shells were encountered a few tens of centimeters below ground in pits dug into sand. Most of the examples listed in the dataset were previously reported in https://doi.org/10.1130/GES01356.l -- field occurrences described p. 322, provenance interpreted p. 324, discordant radiocarbon ages discussed p. 324, and examples illustrated and mapped in Figure A9. The radiocarbon ages from lucines tabulated in this data set range across six radiocarbon centuries.
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A piscicide delivery method was designed to selectively target black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus, an invasive species in North America which possesses specially adapted pharyngeal teeth for crushing mollusk prey. Bait was prepared by attaching a glass vial containing toxicant (antimycin A) to the exterior of Corbicula fluminea clam valve. The vial was designed to break by the force exerted from the fish’s (550 millimeter total length) pharyngeal teeth when the fish attempted to crush and consume the clam. Suitable vial size was tested for encapsulating piscicide and two attachment materials, aquarium epoxy and ultraviolet light (UV) cured attachment material. Toxic baits consisting of antimycin A piscicide were...
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Oyster reefs provide environmental and economic services within the coastal regions of the United States. Mapping the extent of these reefs and analyzing their composition can be highly beneficial for oyster management and restoration projects. The objectives of this research project included examining the feasibility of the use of low-cost side-scanning sonar (LC-SSS) systems and Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) for mapping intertidal oyster reefs at selected sites within the Galveston Bay system, Texas. Two sites in Bastrop Bay and Bastrop Bayou complex were selected following defined criteria that included the existence of intertidal oyster reefs and no aviation restrictions on the operation of UAS.
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1985 Gulf of Mexico Atlas abstract American oyster Crassostrea virginica Ostion americanoDescription Range: The American oyster, a bivalve mollusc of the family Ostreidae, is found in the western Atlantic from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Yucatan Peninsula. In the Gulf, this species occurs throughout estuaries, shallow nearshore waters, and on reefs located near river mouths. Habitat: Large populations of this benthic invertebrate are found in the large estuarine bays and sounds of the Gulf (with most concentrations found within 10-meter depths). Sedentary in character, this invertebrate attaches in clusters to shell reefs, firm mud/shell bottoms and other hard substrates. Feeding and Behavior: The American oyster...
Categories: Data; Types: Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, Shapefile; Tags: ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES, ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES, Academics & scientific researchers, Alabama, American oyster, All tags...
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This part of the data release provides an updated georeferenced list of radiocarbon ages pertaining to evidence for a catastrophic precolonial sea flood on Anegada, a low Caribbean island perched south of the Puerto Rico Trench. The list contains 64 ages measured on carbonate materials and 3 ages measured on plant fragments. Among the total of 67 ages, 43 are among the 47 ages previously tabulated on page 318 of https://doi.org/10.1130/GES01356.l. The 67 ages exclude those from previous work on deposits attributable to the 1755 Lisbon tsunami (https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-010-9622-6). Among the 67 ages listed, the 24 ages previously unreported were measured mainly on samples collected in 2017. The main material...
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This dataset includes bird species, invertebrate order and family, sample identification codes, capture date, latitude, longitude, habitat, site name, bird age, total mercury concentrations in bird blood, and methylmercury concentrations in whole body aquatic invertebrates.
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Freshwater mussels of the order Unionida are among the most endangered animal groups globally, but the causes of population declines are often enigmatic with little known about the role of disease. In 2018, we collected wild adult pheasantshell (Actinonaias pectorosa) and mucket (Actinonaias ligamentina) during an epidemiologic survey investigating an ongoing mussel mass mortality event in the Clinch River, USA. Histopathology and transmission electron microscopy showed a novel microsporidian parasite primarily infecting the ovary of pheasantshell. Sequencing of the small subunit rRNA gene produced a 1333 bp sequence with greatest similarity to Pseudonosema cristatellae (AF484694.1; 86.36%; e-value = 0), a microsporidium...
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San Francisco Bay and Estuary is largely urbanized and developed, and the southern bay is the most urbanized with many sources of nutrients, many concerns that the system might become eutrophic, and many questions about how South Bay has maintained its relatively good health. The hypotheses for why South Bay is not eutrophic, where other bays have not been so fortunate, include high bivalve grazing that limits net phytoplankton growth and high turbidity which also limits the phytoplankton growth rate. Understanding the bivalve grazing rates in the south bay includes the necessity of understanding temporal and spatial distributions of bivalves. Despite the critical need to understand all controls on eutrophication,...
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The Benthic Lab investigates the benthic community throughout the San Francisco Bay and Sacramento Delta.
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Phytoplankton is an important and limiting food source in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and San Francisco Bay; the decline of phytoplankton biomass is one possible factor in the pelagic organism decline and specifically in the decline of the protected delta smelt. The bivalves Corbicula fluminea and Potamocorbula amurensis (hereafter Corbicula and Potamocorbula, respectively) have been shown to control phytoplankton biomass in several locations throughout the system, and their distribution and population dynamics are therefore of great interest. As one element of the California Department of Water Resources (DWR) and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation’s (BOR) Environmental Monitoring Program (EMP), the Generalized...
Two data sets concerning organic contaminants are included here to aid in assessment of the sea otter population collapse in southwest Alaska. One data set consists of levels of organic pollutant compounds found in wild sea otter blood collected from captured animals in 1997 (Jessup et al., 2010). These sea otters were captured from islands in the western Aleutians and from outside the area of population collapse, in southeast Alaska near Cross Sound. Another data set consists of levels of organic pollutant compounds found in blue mussels collected from multiple sites along the Aleutian archipelago and from the Cross Sound area in southeast Alaska in 1994-1996 (Reese et al., 2012). These data support the following...
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A study commissioned by the Utah Division of Water Quality and the Colorado Water Quality Control Division. Study was carried out by Utah State University. The overarching goal of the study was to conduct a comprehensive search and synthesis of existing records on the historical and current presence of ammonia-sensitive freshwater mussels (Superfamily Unionoidea) and non-pulmonate snails (Valvatidae, Hydrobiidae) in Utah and Colorado. In addition to these targeted species, other species belonging to Class Bivalvia and freshwater Gastropoda were also included. Though they were not actively sought during record searches, occurrence of non-native species such as the New Zealand mud snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum),...
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The Gulf Coast Vulnerability Assessment utilized expert opinion that was gathered through the Standardized Index of Vulnerability and Value (SIVVA) tool, which is an Excel-based vulnerability and prioritization tool that enables assessors to provide input in a relatively short time and allows for relatively seamless compilation of results.The vulnerability of each ecosystem and associated species was conducted by subregion, excluding those subregions where the species did not occur in significant numbers. Assessors were asked to evaluate species based on the habitats they use in a particular subregion. Because vulnerability can vary with life-stage for many species, assessors were asked to consider the most vulnerable...
Categories: Data; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES, ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES, ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES, ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES, ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES, All tags...
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Spatial patterns in mussel richness and endemism (i.e., weighted and corrected weighted endemism) at stream reach, HUC4, HUC6, and HUC8 spatial scales were characterized. Stream SR was estimated by summing the total number of mussel species predicted within each stream. Stream-level weighted endemism was calculated by weighting each species’ presence in the stream by the inverse of the total number of streams it was predicted to occupy, then summing across all species predicted present within the stream. This biodiversity metric therefore provides context about the range extent of the species predicted within the stream (e.g., higher values indicate either high richness or the presence of several range-restricted...


map background search result map search result map Bivalvia Subset of Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) - USA Dataset Collection for NFHP Thematic Viewer 20141202 Oysters 2011 - Gulf of Mexico Data for Analysis of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in Lake Mead National Recreation Area near Las Vegas, Nevada Gulf of Mexico Habitat and Species Vulnerability Benthic Community Dynamics in Coyote Creek and Artesian Slough, Southern San Francisco Bay, California, May 2016 to March 2018 Total Mercury and Methylmercury in Riparian Songbirds and Aquatic Invertebrates from the Willamette Valley, Oregon, 2013-2014 Final Report: Mapping Shallow Reefs Using Low-cost Scanning Sonar and Drone Photography Systems USGS Benthic Laboratory A spatially and temporally intensive sampling study of benthic community and bivalve metrics in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta (ver. 2.0, May 2021) Persistent Organic Pollutants in Sea Otter Blood and in Blue Mussels from the Aleutian Islands and Southeast Alaska Levels of Persistent Organic Pollutants Found in Blue Mussels (Mytilus trossulus) in the Aleutian Archipelago and Southeast Alaska in 1994-1996 Data for monitoring trace metals in sediment and clam tissue near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California (ver 2.0, November 2022) Benthic Communities as Mediators of Water Quality in Lower San Francisco Bay, California (2012-2019) A Novel Gonadotropic Microsporidian Parasite (Microsporidium clinchi n. sp.) Infecting a Declining Population of Pheasantshell Mussels (Actinonaias pectorosa) (Unioinidae) from the Clinch River, USA UT-CO Freshwater Mollusks Survey Strewn shells of a large marine bivalve noted 2008 to 2017 on Anegada, British Virgin Islands Radiocarbon ages measured 2011 to 2021 on corals, shells, and plant fragments pertaining to sea floods of the past 1,000 years on Anegada, British Virgin Islands Size, attachment material and efficacy of piscicide delivery vials and baits for control of black carp, Mylopharyngodon piceus Midwest Regional Mussel Hotspots and Species Richness Estimates Data for monitoring trace metals in sediment and clam tissue near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California (ver 2.0, November 2022) Size, attachment material and efficacy of piscicide delivery vials and baits for control of black carp, Mylopharyngodon piceus Strewn shells of a large marine bivalve noted 2008 to 2017 on Anegada, British Virgin Islands Radiocarbon ages measured 2011 to 2021 on corals, shells, and plant fragments pertaining to sea floods of the past 1,000 years on Anegada, British Virgin Islands Benthic Community Dynamics in Coyote Creek and Artesian Slough, Southern San Francisco Bay, California, May 2016 to March 2018 Benthic Communities as Mediators of Water Quality in Lower San Francisco Bay, California (2012-2019) Total Mercury and Methylmercury in Riparian Songbirds and Aquatic Invertebrates from the Willamette Valley, Oregon, 2013-2014 USGS Benthic Laboratory Data for Analysis of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in Lake Mead National Recreation Area near Las Vegas, Nevada Final Report: Mapping Shallow Reefs Using Low-cost Scanning Sonar and Drone Photography Systems A Novel Gonadotropic Microsporidian Parasite (Microsporidium clinchi n. sp.) Infecting a Declining Population of Pheasantshell Mussels (Actinonaias pectorosa) (Unioinidae) from the Clinch River, USA UT-CO Freshwater Mollusks Survey Oysters 2011 - Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Habitat and Species Vulnerability Midwest Regional Mussel Hotspots and Species Richness Estimates Persistent Organic Pollutants in Sea Otter Blood and in Blue Mussels from the Aleutian Islands and Southeast Alaska Levels of Persistent Organic Pollutants Found in Blue Mussels (Mytilus trossulus) in the Aleutian Archipelago and Southeast Alaska in 1994-1996 Bivalvia Subset of Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) - USA Dataset Collection for NFHP Thematic Viewer 20141202