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Concern over the status of species associated with prairie dog colonies has increased with the recent proposed listing of black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus). We monitored burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia) populations and prairie dog densities in 17 black-tailed prairie dog colonies in the Nebraska panhandle between 1990 and 1996. All prairie dog colonies were controlled at least once during the study. We observed a 63% decline in nesting pairs of burrowing owls and significant declines in burrow densities. Results indicated a time lag in owl response to changes in active burrow densities. However, in the later years of the study when burrow densities were lowest, owl numbers were positively correlated...
Obtaining reliable estimates of absolute and relative reproductive rates is challenging for avian species whose nests are difficult to observe, such as the burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia). We compared methods for estimating reproductive rates of burrowing owls, defined as the number of 21- to 28-day-old young per Successful nest. We compared observations using (1) the mean and (2) the maximum number of young observed during 5 30-min observation periods, and (3) the maximum number of voting videotaped during 2-hr video surveillance. We evaluated the reliability of these methods with the known number of young present in nest boxes. All 3 methods performed poorly as estimators of absolute reproductive rates (absolute...
Concern over the decline of grassland birds has spurred efforts to increase understanding of grassland bird-habitat relationships. Previous studies have suggested that black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) provide important habitat for shortgrass prairie avifauna, such as mountain plover (Charadrius montanus) and western burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia hypugaea), although such studies are lacking in Colorado (USA). We used methods to estimate occupancy (psi) of mountain plover and burrowing owl on prairie dog colonies and other shortgrass prairie habitats in eastern Colorado. Mountain plover occupancy was higher on prairie dog colonies (psi = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.36-0.64) than on grassland (psi = 0.07,...
Some populations of western burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea) have declined in recent decades. To design and implement effective recovery efforts, we need a better understanding of how distribution and demographic traits are influenced by habitat quality. To this end, we measured spatial patterns of burrowing owl breeding habitat selection within black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) colonies in northeastern Wyoming, USA. We compared burrow-, site-, colony-, and landscape-scale habitat parameters between burrowing owl nest burrows (n = 105) and unoccupied burrows (n = 85). We sampled 4 types of prairie dog colonies: 1) owl-occupied, active with prairie dogs (n = 16); 2) owl-occupied, inactive...
Available information on the status, of the western Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia hypugaea) in Arizona is limited. To determine its current status, I sent out questionnaires, made personal contacts, conducted field observations, and searched the literature. These data indicated that relatively little is known in Arizona about this uncommon species. This paper summarizes existing information on the Burrowing Owl in Arizona and provides baseline information for future studies. Location records suggest that this species is a widespread, albeit uncommon, bird in Arizona. The data compiled during this study are still not adequate to assess the status of Burrowing Owls in Arizona as of 1998. An annotated bibliography...
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These data are statistical model outputs for burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia) species distribution, completed by Frank Davis’ Biogeography Lab at UC Santa Barbara. The UCSB Biogeography Lab used Maxent to generate predictions of habitat occupancy for ~70 species for the CA Energy Commission’s project “Cumulative Biological Impacts Framework for Solar Energy in the CA Desert”, 500-10-021. Species distribution models were produced at 270 m resolution using a subset of 22 environmental variables. Models were evaluated with 10-foldcross validated AUC scores. Results are preliminary and have notyet been reviewed by expert biologists. Both continuous probability surfaces and binary layers are available for...
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This dataset represents current terrestrial intactness values (estimated at the 1km level) within the modeled distribution of the Burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia). Terrestrial intactness is high in areas where development is low, vegetation intactness is high, and fragmentation is low. Consequently, this dataset serves as a general* indication of habitat quality within the distribution of this conservation element. Estimates of current terrestrial intactness were generated by an EEMS fuzzy logic model that integrates multiple measures of landscape development and vegetation intactness, including agriculture development (from LANDFIRE EVT v1.1), urban development (from LANDFIRE EVT v1.1 and NLCD Impervious Surfaces),...
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Identifying environmental parameters that influence probability of nest predation is important for developing and implementing effective management strategies for species of conservation concern. We estimated daily nest survival for a migratory population of burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia) breeding in black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) colonies in Wyoming, USA. We compared estimates based on 3 common approaches: apparent nesting success, Mayfield estimates, and a model-based logistic-exposure approach. We also examined whether 8 intrinsic and extrinsic factors affected daily nest survival in burrowing owls. Positive biases in apparent nest survival were low (36%), probably because prior knowledge...
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These data are statistical model outputs for burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia) species distribution, completed by CBI. Predictions of habitat occupancy were generated from Maxent models for the DRECP. This species distribution model was produced across the entire DRECP region at 270 m resolution with 176 detections points provided to CBI by Frank Davis’ Biogeography Lab at UC Santa Barbara (filtered to a minimum nearest neighbor distance of 10 km). The model was built with the following 11 environmental predictors (provided to CBI by Frank Davis’ Biogeography Lab at UC Santa Barbara, created for the CA Energy Commission’s project “Cumulative Biological Impacts Framework for Solar Energy in the CA Desert”,...


    map background search result map search result map Factors Affecting Daily Nest Survival of Burrowing Owls Within Black-Tailed Prairie Dog Colonies Burrowing owl - UCSB Species Distribution Model, CA Desert Burrowing owl - Habitat Intactness, DRECP Burrowing owl - Species Distribution Model, DRECP Factors Affecting Daily Nest Survival of Burrowing Owls Within Black-Tailed Prairie Dog Colonies Burrowing owl - Habitat Intactness, DRECP Burrowing owl - UCSB Species Distribution Model, CA Desert Burrowing owl - Species Distribution Model, DRECP