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Background - Interest in developing alternative sources of renewable energy to reduce dependence on oil has increased in recent years. Some sources of renewable energy being considered will include power generation infrastructure and support activities located within continental shelf waters, and potentially within deeper waters off the U.S. Pacific coast and beyond state waters (i.e., outside three nautical miles). Currently, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) is considering renewable energy proposals off the coast of Oregon, California, and Hawaii. From 1999–2002, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and Humboldt State University (HSU) worked with BOEM (formely known as the Minerals Management Service,...
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This file contains the flight trackline Global Positioning System (GPS) point data from the aerial surveys. Surveys were flown at 60 meters (200 feet) above sea level at 160 kilometers per hour (90 knots) ground speed. The surveys were flown in a high-winged, twin engine Partenavia PN 68 Observer aircraft following methods developed for seabirds by Briggs et al. (1987). GPS points were recorded every five seconds to allow adequate spatial coverage of the trackline (222 meters is traversed every five seconds at the survey speed of 160 kilometers per hour) and to limit the size of the resulting data files. Data was collected using a laptop computer running the program dLOG (R.G. Ford Consulting, Inc.) that allowed...
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Broad survey lines, island radial survey lines, coastal survey lines, and focal-area (Santa Barbara Channel) survey lines were surveyed during each oceanographic season: spring (May), fall (September), and winter (January) during 1999 (May and September), 2000 (January, May, September), 2001 (January May, September), and 2002 (January). Aerial survey methods follow Mason et al. (2007). Specifically, we recorded all sightings of marine animals, vessels, and floating objects from twin-engine, high wing aircraft (Partenavia P-68s, Aspen Helicopters, Oxnard, CA, or California Department of Fish and Game) along pre-determined 100-meter (50 meters per side) strip transects at 60 meters above sea level. Surveys were flown...


    map background search result map search result map At-Sea Aerial Survey GPS Points in Southern California, 1999-2002 At-Sea Aerial Survey Species Observations in Southern California, 1999-2002 At-Sea Aerial Survey Species Observations in Southern California, 1999-2002 At-Sea Aerial Survey GPS Points in Southern California, 1999-2002