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This research focuses on understanding processes controlling temporal and spatial variability in aquatic carbon fluxes in headwater streams. Headwater streams are areas of active carbon cycling because of steep topographic gradients, complex soil and vegetation patterns, and an abundance of small lakes and streams. The project will combine information from the following major components: High-frequency measurements of aquatic carbon fluxes using in-stream sensors will provide information on temporal dynamics at unprecedented resolution. A geostatistical model will be developed to characterize relations between landscape type (e.g., wetlands, forest, tundra) and aquatic C dynamics and fluxes. Variations in fluxes...
The Biologic Carbon Sequestration Assessment Program (LandCarbon) is designed to support the following goals: Assess the current and potential carbon balance (stocks and fluxes) in major terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems Evaluate the effects of both natural and anthropogenic driving forces on ecosystem carbon balance and greenhouse gas fluxes Develop carbon monitoring methods and capabilities Conduct research and provide science support for increasing carbon sequestration in land management policies and practices The LandCarbon Community serves as a content management system for the LandCarbon Data Portal. This Data Portal is an effort to catalog and provide access to data and information from a range of LandCarbon...
Inland water ecosystems dynamically process, transport, and sequester carbon. However, the transport of carbon through aquatic environments has not been quantitatively integrated in the context of terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we present the first integrated assessment, to our knowledge, of freshwater carbon fluxes for the conterminous United States, where 106 (range: 71–149) teragrams of carbon per year (TgC⋅y−1) is exported downstream or emitted to the atmosphere and sedimentation stores 21 (range: 9–65) TgC⋅y−1 in lakes and reservoirs. We show that there is significant regional variation in aquatic carbon flux, but verify that emission across stream and river surfaces represents the dominant flux at 69 (range:...
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Inland wetlands produce, biogeochemically process and sequester carbon. Wetlands that are hydrologically connected to stream and river networks are commonly considered to be major sources of carbon that may be biologically or photochemically processed in-stream, or exported to coastal regions. However, very little is known about the potential or actual lateral carbon fluxes from different major wetland types, or the downstream fate of that carbon (rapid decomposition vs. sequestration vs. export). Major questions: What is the variability in potential carbon sources (as dissolved organic C, dissolved inorganic C, CO2 and CH4) from major inland wetland types to inland waters? What metrics and/or markers (chemical,...
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Our research focuses on assessing the components of the Net Ecoystem Carbon Balance using the eddy covariance approach to measure atmospheric fluxes of heat, energy, carbon dioxide and methane and testing equipment and techniques to measure the tidal exchange of dissolved organic (DOC) and inorganic carbon (DIC). The atmospheric flux tower is located south of Solano Land Trust's Rush Ranch, a working ranch encompassing 2,070 acres of marsh and rolling grasslands that provides both recreational and educational experiences for the public (http://www.solanolandtrust.org/RushRanch.aspx). Lateral fluxes are being collected at the San Francisco Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve First Mallard water quality station...
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Streams and rivers have a limited spatial extent, but are increasingly recognized as key components of regional biogeochemical cycles. The collective metabolic processing of organisms, known as ecosystem metabolism, is centrally important to nutrient cycling and carbon fluxes in these environments, but is poorly integrated into emerging biogeochemical concepts. This line of inquiry lags behind other aspects of regional biogeochemistry because of the lack of long-term, regionally-diverse studies of stream metabolism. With a few exceptions, metabolism studies have focused on small headwater catchments using short-term (days to weeks) observation. As a consequence, basic patterns and controls of this fundamental process,...


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