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Airborne geophysical surveys were conducted in the eastern Adirondacks from Dec. 7, 2015 - Dec. 21, 2015, by Goldak Airborne Surveys. The area was flown along a draped surface with a nominal survey height above ground of 200 meters. The flight line spacing was 250 meters for traverse lines and 2500 meters for control lines. Here we present downloadable magnetic and radiometric (gamma spectrometry) data from those surveys as image (Geotiff) and flight line data (csv format). Background The Eastern Adirondacks region was known for iron mining in the 1800's and 1900's but it also contains deposits of rare earth minerals. Rare earth minerals are used in advanced technology such as in cell phones, rechargeable batteries...
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This dataset contains field measurements of vegetation from the (1) Adirondack Sugar Maple Project (ASM), and (2) Buck Creek North and Buck Creek South Watersheds. The ASM data, collected in 2009 in 20 Adirondack watersheds (2 or 3 0.10 ha plots per watershed), are comprised of general plot characteristics, tree species identification and diameter at breast height (DBH) for all trees greater than 10 cm DBH, canopy position and health ratings, common and scientific names, and species identification and counts for saplings and seedlings. In Buck Creek North Tributary Watershed and Buck Creek South Tributary Watershed, near Inlet, New York, all trees greater than 5 cm DBH were identified in 15 circular plots (245 square...
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Iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits of the Adirondack Mountains of New York locally contain elevated rare earth element (REE) concentrations (e.g. Taylor and others, 2019). Critical to evaluating resource potential is understanding the genesis of the IOA deposits that host the REE-rich minerals. As part of this effort, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting bedrock geologic mapping, geochronology, geochemistry, and geophysics in the region. Published and ongoing research demonstrates the spatial association of IOA deposits with the Lyon Mountain Granite Gneiss (LMG), and so understanding the relationship of the LMG to the IOA deposits is important for resource evaluation—however the age and origin of the...
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Airborne geophysical surveys were conducted in the eastern Adirondacks from Dec. 7, 2015 - Dec. 21, 2015, by Goldak Airborne Surveys. The area was flown along a draped surface with a nominal survey height above ground of 200 meters. The flight line spacing was 250 meters for traverse lines and 2500 meters for control lines. Here we present downloadable radiometric (gamma spectrometry) data from those surveys as flight line data (csv format) or Geotiff images. Line data (EAdirondacksSpec.csv) are presented as comma separated values with the following definitions (see technical report for details): LINE: Flight line number DATE: YYYY/MM/DD TIME: Time (UTM, 24-hour) hh:mm:ss LONG: Longitude, WGS84 (degrees) LAT:...
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Thirty-four ore, twenty-nine mine waste, seven host rock, two pegmatite, and one slag sample were collected from iron oxide-apatite (IOA) mines in the eastern Adirondack Highlands near Mineville and Ticonderoga, New York, from March 2016 to August 2018. The waste pile samples included twenty-five samples collected from rubble-sized mine waste piles and four samples from processed tailings piles. The ore from historic iron mines of the eastern Adirondack Highlands, New York, contain abundant quantities of rare earth element (REE)-bearing apatite crystals. These apatite crystals are especially enriched in Y, La, Ce, and Nd. In-ground ore, mine waste piles, and tailings piles could contain apatite...
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This dataset contains measurements of chemical concentrations of forest soil samples and associated site measurements collected in the Adirondack Ecoregion of New York State. Data are presented in four groups (tabs) in an Microsoft EXCEL 2013 spreadsheet (and comma-delimited CSV files): (1) Adirondack Sugar Maple Project (ASM), (2) Buck Creek North Watershed, (3) Buck Creek South Watershed, and (4) Western Adirondack Stream Survey (WASS) soil sampling. The ASM data were all collected in 2009 and the WASS data were all collected in 2004. The Buck Creek North Tributary Watershed was sampled in 1997 and repeated at the same plot locations in 2009/10. The Buck Creek South Tributary Watershed was sampled in 1998 and...
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Problem - Acidic precipitation has affected forested and aquatic ecosystems in New York, particularly in the Adirondack and Catskill regions. Acidification of surface waters and deleterious effects on fish and other biota have been well documented in both these regions. Despite reduced levels of acidity in atmospheric deposition over the past 20 years across New York and the northeastern United States, the most acid-sensitive streams and lakes have not yet begun to recover, and many show continued declines in acid-neutralizing capacity, an indicator acid-base status. Many studies have documented the effects of acid precipitation in New York, but thus far, there has been no comprehensive effort to synthesize and...
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BACKGROUND Watersheds of the Adirondack Mountains receive high levels of acid deposition resulting from atmospheric emissions of nitrogen and sulfur oxides. Acidic deposition has been shown to reduce acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) and calcium (Ca) concentrations, and increase acidity and aluminum (Al) concentrations in soils and surface waters, and affect forest health as well as fish and macroinvertebrate assemblages across the region. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is currently developing secondary standards for nitrogen and sulfur emissions that will indirectly protect terrestrial and aquatic species and their communities from further adverse impacts and promote recovery of acidified ecosystems...
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The iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits near Mineville in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, have been of interest for their rich magnetite ore since the mid-1700s but have attracted renewed attention due to their potential as rare earth element (REE) resources (McKeown and Klemic, 1956; Lupulescu and others, 2016; Taylor and others, 2018). Apatite is the main REE-host and is found in variable concentrations within ore seams of the regional magnetite deposits. Some apatite crystals are unaltered, relatively homogenous, and inclusion-free, whereas other deposits contain heterogenous apatite with zones of abundant secondary mineral inclusions that were formed through metasomatic reactions with the apatite after initial...
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Background With few exceptions, the contemporary and past effects of acidification on fish populations and communities in streams across acid-sensitive regions of NY have not been documented. The pervasive lack of information only permits anecdotal insight into the spatial effects of acidification on stream-fish assemblages and essentially precludes any broad effort to quantify temporal trends and potential recovery of fish assemblages in less acidic or less toxic streams. Though the effects of acidification on fish assemblages have been qualified in several streams of the eastern Adirondacks during 1979, the 1980s, and early 2000s, (Schofield and Driscoll 1987; Simonin et al. 2005) quantitative impacts were...
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In 2012, a program was initiated using in-stream and aerial (whole-watershed) liming to improve water quality and Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) recruitment in three acidified tributaries of a high-elevation Adirondack lake in New York State. Concurrently, macroinvertebrates were sampled annually between 2013 and 2016 at 3 treated and 3 untreated reference sites to assess the effects of each liming technique on this community. Macroinvertebrate communities were monitored at 6 study sites: T16, T8A (50 m upstream of lime application point), T8 (50 m downstream of lime application point), T6 (1230 m downstream of the lime application point), and at two unlimed reference streams, T24 and T20. T24 is of similar...
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Project Summary. The Western Adirondack Stream Survey (WASS), conducted in 2003-2005, showed that acidic deposition was causing toxic forms of Al to move from soils to streams in 66% of the 565 watersheds assessed in the study region. The WASS encompassed only 20% of the Adirondack region, and for the remaining 80% (referred to hereafter as the East-Central Adirondack region), there is little information on the extent of soil and stream acidification. Based on lake-chemistry data, acidification in the East-Central Adirondack region has been considered minimal relative to the Western Adirondack region. However, some lake acidification has been identified, and WASS results showed that lake acidification under...
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Airborne geophysical surveys were conducted in the eastern Adirondacks from Dec. 7, 2015 - Dec. 21, 2015, by Goldak Airborne Surveys. The area was flown along a draped surface with a nominal survey height above ground of 200 meters. The flight line spacing was 250 meters for traverse lines and 2500 meters for control lines. Here we present downloadable magnetic data from those surveys as flight line data (csv format) or Geotiff images. Line data (EAdirondacksMag.csv) are presented as comma separated values with the following definitions (see technical report for details): LINE: Flight line number DATE: YYYY/MM/DD TIME: Time (UTM, 24-hour) hh:mm:ss LONG: Longitude, WGS84 (degrees) LAT: Latitude WGS84 (degrees)...
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This project provides a regional assessment of sugar maple health and associated soil conditions in the Adirondack Region of New York, where sugar maple are a major component of the forest. The focus of the study is to develop an improved understanding of relationships among watershed characteristics, soil chemistry, and acidic deposition effects on sugar maple trees and other tree species that grow in association with sugar maple, which are one of the most highly valued tree species in the northeast. Project results are therefore important for the management of sugar maple in the Adirondack region where acidic deposition has lowered the nutritional status of soils by depleting calcium, a key nutrient for trees.Purpose...
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This dataset is composed of a single data table containing survival data and ancillary measurements for brook trout bioassays conducted in streams of the Western Adirondack Mountains during 2001-03 and 2015-17. At each stream site, 4 replicate bottles, each containing five young-of-year brook trout, are exposed to ambient stream waters for approximately one month during spring.
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Summary Acid rain levels in the Adirondack region have substantially declined and recovery from acid rain is underway. Recovery is being limited by the depletion of soil calcium that occurred over past decades. Not only is calcium needed for neutralizing acidity, it is an essential nutrient for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. However, recovery of soil calcium has not yet been observed. Whole-ecosystem restoration through watershed liming, possibly combined with in-stream liming, may provide a practical option for stimulating recovery of certain acid-sensitive, high-value natural resources. Information from past liming efforts, however, is insufficient for determining the degree of success that could be achieved...


    map background search result map search result map An Integrated Assessment of the Recovery of Surface Waters from Reduced Levels of Acid Precipitation in the Catskill and Adirondack Regions, New York Assessing Spatiotemporal Patterns in Fish Assemblages from Acid-Sensitive Streams in the Adirondack and Catskill Mountains Whole Ecosystem Restoration Through Liming of Honnedaga Lake Tributary Watersheds Assessment of sugar maple health and associated soil conditions in the Adirondack Region of New York Assessment of Acidic Deposition Effects on the Chemistry and Benthos of Streams of the East-Central Adirondack Region Effects of acid-base chemistry on biology of lakes and streams in the Adirondack Mountains Airborne Geophysical Surveys over the Eastern Adirondacks, New York State Radiometric Data of Airborne Geophysical Surveys over the Eastern Adirondacks, New York State Magnetic Data of Airborne Geophysical Surveys over the Eastern Adirondacks, New York State Adirondack New York soil chemistry data, 1997-2014 Adirondack New York vegetation data, 2000-2015 Data for effects of watershed and in-stream liming on macroinvertebrate communities in acidified tributaries to an Adirondack lake Geochemistry of ore, host rock, and mine waste pile samples of iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits of the eastern Adirondack Highlands, New York, in relation to potential rare earth elements resources, 2016-2018 Electron microprobe geochemistry of apatite crystals in the iron oxide-apatite ores of the Adirondack Mountains, New York, 2016-2017 Brook trout toxicity data from bioassays conducted in Western Adirondack Streams, 2001-03 and 2015-17 Electron microprobe analyses of feldspars from the Hawkeye Granite Gneiss and Lyon Mountain Granite Gneiss in the Adirondacks of New York Whole Ecosystem Restoration Through Liming of Honnedaga Lake Tributary Watersheds Data for effects of watershed and in-stream liming on macroinvertebrate communities in acidified tributaries to an Adirondack lake Electron microprobe geochemistry of apatite crystals in the iron oxide-apatite ores of the Adirondack Mountains, New York, 2016-2017 Geochemistry of ore, host rock, and mine waste pile samples of iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits of the eastern Adirondack Highlands, New York, in relation to potential rare earth elements resources, 2016-2018 Radiometric Data of Airborne Geophysical Surveys over the Eastern Adirondacks, New York State Magnetic Data of Airborne Geophysical Surveys over the Eastern Adirondacks, New York State Airborne Geophysical Surveys over the Eastern Adirondacks, New York State Adirondack New York soil chemistry data, 1997-2014 Adirondack New York vegetation data, 2000-2015 Brook trout toxicity data from bioassays conducted in Western Adirondack Streams, 2001-03 and 2015-17 Assessment of sugar maple health and associated soil conditions in the Adirondack Region of New York Assessing Spatiotemporal Patterns in Fish Assemblages from Acid-Sensitive Streams in the Adirondack and Catskill Mountains Assessment of Acidic Deposition Effects on the Chemistry and Benthos of Streams of the East-Central Adirondack Region Electron microprobe analyses of feldspars from the Hawkeye Granite Gneiss and Lyon Mountain Granite Gneiss in the Adirondacks of New York Effects of acid-base chemistry on biology of lakes and streams in the Adirondack Mountains An Integrated Assessment of the Recovery of Surface Waters from Reduced Levels of Acid Precipitation in the Catskill and Adirondack Regions, New York