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In this study, we develop urban ecosystem accounts in the U.S., using the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA EEA) framework. Most ecosystem accounts focus on regional and national scales, which are appropriate for many ecosystem services. However, ecosystems provide substantial services in cities, improving quality of life and contributing to resiliency for substantial parts of the population. Our models estimate energy savings for indoor cooling resulting from heat mitigated by trees and rainfall intercepted by trees. Both models cover major cities in the contiguous U.S. and report the results through physical supply and use tables for multiple accounting periods...
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Plot-level field data were collected in the summer of 2014 to estimate aboveground and belowground biomass in the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge and Dismal Swamp State Park in North Carolina and Virginia. Data were collected at 85 plots. The location of the center of each plot was recorded with a Trimble ProXH global positioning system (GPS) and differentially corrected. Data files included 1: GDS_plots.csv, 2. GDS_FWD.csv, 3. GDS_LWD.csv, 4. GDS_Shrubs.csv, 5. GDS_Trees.csv, and 6. GDS_plot_summaries.csv. The data contained in GDS_plot_summaries.csv were calculated from the GDS_plots.csv, GDS_FWD.csv, GDS_LWD.csv, GDS_Shrubs.csv, GDS_Trees.csv files using the R statistical software environment (R Core...
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Migratory species provide important benefits to society, but their cross-border conservation poses serious challenges. By quantifying the economic value of ecosystem services (ES) provided across a species’ range and ecological data on a species’ habitat dependence, we estimate spatial subsidies–how different regions support ES provided by a species across its range. We illustrate this method for migratory Northern Pintail ducks in North America. Pintails support over $101 million annually in recreational hunting and viewing and subsistence hunting in the U.S. and Canada. Pintail breeding regions provide nearly $30 million in subsidies to wintering regions, with the “Prairie Pothole” region supplying over $24 million...
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Migratory species provide ecosystem goods and services throughout their annual cycles, often over long distances. Designing effective conservation solutions for migratory species requires knowledge of both species ecology and the socioeconomic context of their migrations. We present a framework built around the concept that migratory species act as carriers, delivering benefit flows to people throughout their annual cycle that are supported by the network of ecosystems upon which the species depend. We apply this framework to the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) migration of eastern North America by calculating their spatial subsidies. Spatial subsidies are the net ecosystem service flows throughout a species’...
The storage and persistence of soil organic matter (SOM) is of critical importance to soil health, and to the terrestrial carbon cycle with implications for long-term climate change. To better understand the spatio-temporal controls on SOM, we have developed a new dataset spanning two previously described marine terrace soil chronosequences from northern, CA, USA: the Santa Cruz and the Mattole River chronosequences. Each of these sites, is comprised of several terraces surfaces that span at least 200 ka of soil development. The sites differ with regard to local precipitation, with the Mattole site receiving nearly double the mean annual precipitation of the Santa Cruz site. During the period from 2011 through 2016,...
This data release contains luminescence, weather, and sediment grain-size data from eastern Chuckwalla Valley, Riverside County, California. This study investigates sedimentary and geomorphic processes in eastern Chuckwalla Valley, Riverside County, California, a region of arid, basin-and-range terrain where extensive solar-energy development is planned. The objectives were to (1) measure local weather parameters and use them to model aeolian sediment transport potential; (2) identify surface sedimentary characteristics in representative localities; and (3) evaluate longer-term landscape evolution rates and processes by analyzing stratigraphy in combination with luminescence geochronology. These data accompany East...
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Tables of U- and Th-isotopic data used to calculate uranium-series age estimates and initial 234U/238U activity ratios as well as 87Sr/86Sr, δ13C, and δ18O for samples of phreatic speleothems from Wind Cave National Park and U- and Sr-isotopic compositions of waters from the southern Black Hills of South Dakota, USA
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This dataset includes tables with physical information and isotopic data that are used to calculate uranium-series ages (230Th/U method) and initial 234U/238U activity ratios on a suite of mastodon bones from the Cerutti Mastodon site near San Diego, CA area.
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This release presents the GIS data (in GDB, shapefile, and e00 [coverage] formats) and metadata for a 1:24,000-scale geologic map of the Poncha Pass area in central Colorado. A cartographic version of the geologic map, including map unit descriptions, interpretative text, and accessory figures and tables, is being separately published as a U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map (SIM). The map area is irregular in shape, covering all of one 7.5' quadrangle (Poncha Pass) and parts of five others (Mount Ouray, Maysville, Salida West, Salida East, and Wellsville). The map boundaries were drawn to cover all of the "Poncha mountain block", coincident with the approximately 15-kilometer-long northwestern...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: 40Ar/39Ar age, Arkansas River, Bear Creek, Bonanza Tuff, Bull Lake glaciation, All tags...
This document provides two data sets that characterize outcrops of fluvial deposits of the Upper Cretaceous-Paleogene Raton and Poison Canyon Formations of the Raton Basin of Colorado-New Mexico, USA. First, the dataset includes stratigraphic sections measured through fluvial deposits of the Raton and Poison Canyon Formations (ten unique .tif files), currently exposed in roadside outcrops. Second, the dataset includes raw paleocurrent data (one .csv file) measured from features within those outcrops. The data support a journal article entitled "Evidence for variable precipitation and discharge from Upper Cretaceous-Paleogene fluvial deposits of the Raton Basin, Colorado-New Mexico, USA", published by the authors...
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Stabilizing the eastern, migratory population of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) is expected to require substantial habitat restoration on agricultural land in the core breeding area of the Upper Midwestern U.S. Previous research has considered the potential to utilize marginal land for this purpose because of its low productivity, erodible soils, and high nutrient input requirements. This strategy has strong potential for restoring milkweed (Asclepias spp.), but may be limited in terms of its ability to generate additional biophysical and socioeconomic benefits for local communities. Here we explore the possibility of restoring milkweed via the creation of continuous riparian buffer strips around perennial...
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Hourly carbon dioxide (CO2) measurements from four locations of snowpack profiles with vertical spacing of 20 cm over seven winters (2010-2016) at the Glacier Lakes Ecosystem Experiments Site (GLEES) in southern Wyoming. All supporting data on snowpack properties (mostly modeled) are included to calculate hourly snowpack CO2 fluxes from raw data. In addition, turbulence from the adjacent AmeriFlux eddy covariance scaffold are included for statistical analyses. For comparison purposes, manual CO2 measurements collected at the site from 1998-1999 and 2004-2010 are also included. In addition to data, all scripts are provided to calculate fluxes and determine statistical effects of year, replicate and turbulence on...
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Ecosystem accounts link national-scale environmental and economic trends, offering an internationally standardized approach to tracking sustainability. We compile ecosystem accounts for Rwanda over a 25-year period, and demonstrate that despite strong economic growth, social development, and high-level commitment to environmental goals, ecosystem services fundamental to Rwanda's well-being have declined substantially during this period. Conversion of forests and other natural ecosystems to cropland are the primary drivers of these trends. Ecosystem accounts are particularly important for tracking sustainability in African nations with high levels of economic and population growth and rapid environmental change....
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Although ecosystem service (ES) modeling has progressed rapidly in the last 10-15 years, comparative studies on data and model selection effects have become more common only recently. Such studies have drawn mixed conclusions about whether different data and model choices yield divergent results. In this study we apply inter- and intra-model comparisons to address these questions at national and provincial scales in Rwanda. We compare results of (1) carbon, annual, and seasonal water yield using InVEST and WASSI models, and the above plus the InVEST sediment regulation model using (2) 30- and 300 m resolution data and (3) three different input land cover datasets. For the inter-model comparison, we found the two...
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Plot-level field data were collected in the summer of 2014 to estimate aboveground and belowground biomass in the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge and Dismal Swamp State Park in North Carolina and Virginia. Data were collected at 85 plots. The location of the center of each plot was recorded with a Trimble ProXH global positioning system (GPS) and differentially corrected. Data files included 1: GDS_plots.csv, 2. GDS_FWD.csv, 3. GDS_LWD.csv, 4. GDS_Shrubs.csv, 5. GDS_Trees.csv, and 6. GDS_plot_summaries.csv. The data contained in GDS_plot_summaries.csv were calculated from the GDS_plots.csv, GDS_FWD.csv, GDS_LWD.csv, GDS_Shrubs.csv, GDS_Trees.csv files using the R statistical software environment (R Core...
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This geologic map provides new and compiled geologic mapping at 1:100,000-scale in the Fort Collins 30' x 60' quadrangle covering the northern Front Range and adjacent areas of Colorado.
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Albany County, Anasazi uplift, Ancestral Rocky Mountain uplift, Bellvue, Bellvue fault, All tags...
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Spatial planning is becoming an increasingly important component of managing natural resources in the face of growing demands upon and threats to our public lands. Efforts to model and map the goods and services derived from ecosystems provide important information to planning efforts, permitting the analysis of tradeoffs or costs and benefits associated with management alternatives. Much progress has been made in the development of spatially explicit models and tools for assessing biophysically derived ecosystem service endpoints, but the capacity to account for social values, including cultural ecosystem services, remains limited. The Social Values for Ecosystem Services (SolVES) tool was designed to help fill...
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Wind energy generation causes transformation of landscapes as new roads, pads, and transmission lines are constructed. We mapped, quantified, and analyzed the effects of facilities' geographic context on road networks and changes in landscape patterns by digitizing the footprints of 39 wind facilities and the surrounding land cover using high-resolution imagery of before and after construction. These data were used in understanding how new facilities change the amount of undeveloped land and changes in metrics of landscape patterns.


    map background search result map search result map U-series isotope data used to date a 130,000-year-old archaeological site in southern California, U.S.A. Vertical snowpack CO2 profile measurements from 2010-2016 in a subalpine forest in southern Wyoming Data release for Quantifying ecosystem service flows at multiple scales across the range of a long-distance migratory species Data Release for The sensitivity of ecosystem service models to choices of input data and spatial resolution (ver. 1.1, June 2020) Data release for Using social-context matching to improve transfer performance for cultural ecosystem service models Data Release for Toward ecosystem accounts for Rwanda: Tracking 25 years of change in ecosystem service potential and flows Data release for ecosystem service flows from a migratory species: spatial subsidies of the northern pintail Data release for Geographic context affects the landscape change and fragmentation caused by wind energy facilities Data release for geologic map of the Fort Collins 30' x 60' quadrangle, Larimer and Jackson Counties, Colorado and Albany and Laramie Counties, Wyoming Data release for Geologic Map of the Poncha Pass Area, Chaffee, Fremont, and Saguache Counties, Colorado Great Dismal Swamp field measurements for aboveground and belowground biomass Data release for Monarch Habitat as a Component of Multifunctional Landscape Restoration Using Continuous Riparian Buffers Uranium-, thorium-, strontium-, carbon- and oxygen-isotope data used to evaluate a 300,000-year history of water-table fluctuations at Wind Cave, South Dakota, USA — scale, timing, and groundwater mixing in the Madison Aquifer Great Dismal Swamp field measurements for aboveground and belowground biomass Soil Biogeochemical Data from a Marine Terrace Soil Climo-Chronosequence Comparison Measured sections and paleocurrent data from fluvial deposits of the Upper Cretaceous-Paleogene Raton and Poison Canyon Formations, Raton Basin, Colorado-New Mexico, USA Data release for Piloting Urban Ecosystem Accounting for the United States Luminescence, weather, and grain-size data from eastern Chuckwalla Valley, Riverside County, California Vertical snowpack CO2 profile measurements from 2010-2016 in a subalpine forest in southern Wyoming U-series isotope data used to date a 130,000-year-old archaeological site in southern California, U.S.A. Data release for Geologic Map of the Poncha Pass Area, Chaffee, Fremont, and Saguache Counties, Colorado Great Dismal Swamp field measurements for aboveground and belowground biomass Great Dismal Swamp field measurements for aboveground and belowground biomass Data release for geologic map of the Fort Collins 30' x 60' quadrangle, Larimer and Jackson Counties, Colorado and Albany and Laramie Counties, Wyoming Measured sections and paleocurrent data from fluvial deposits of the Upper Cretaceous-Paleogene Raton and Poison Canyon Formations, Raton Basin, Colorado-New Mexico, USA Luminescence, weather, and grain-size data from eastern Chuckwalla Valley, Riverside County, California Data Release for Toward ecosystem accounts for Rwanda: Tracking 25 years of change in ecosystem service potential and flows Soil Biogeochemical Data from a Marine Terrace Soil Climo-Chronosequence Comparison Data Release for The sensitivity of ecosystem service models to choices of input data and spatial resolution (ver. 1.1, June 2020) Data release for Using social-context matching to improve transfer performance for cultural ecosystem service models Data release for Monarch Habitat as a Component of Multifunctional Landscape Restoration Using Continuous Riparian Buffers Data release for Quantifying ecosystem service flows at multiple scales across the range of a long-distance migratory species Data release for Geographic context affects the landscape change and fragmentation caused by wind energy facilities Data release for ecosystem service flows from a migratory species: spatial subsidies of the northern pintail Data release for Piloting Urban Ecosystem Accounting for the United States