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These data represent the extent of urbanization (for the year indicated) predicted by the model SLEUTH, developed by Dr. Keith C. Clarke, at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Geography and modified by David I. Donato of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Eastern Geographic Science Center (EGSC). Further model modification and implementation was performed at the Biodiversity and Spatial Information Center at North Carolina State University
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Draft Pine & Prairie Ecosystem Integrity - Blueprint 2.2 This data represents the Blueprint 2.2 ecosystem integrity scores for the pine and prairie ecosystem within the South Atlantic LCC geography. To read more about the indicators, please visit the indicator page. Input Data and Mapping Steps Indicators (200 m resolution) were spatially modeled, tested, reviewed, and used as inputs to derive high integrity areas. Please see the Blueprint 2.2 data gallery for more information about indicator spatial data. The integrity scores for this system are based on the pine and prairie indicators, freshwater aquatic indicators, landscapes indicators, and waterscapes indicators. These indicators served as inputs into...
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Forested Wetland Amphibians This layer is an older version of one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the forested wetland ecosystem. It captures Priority Reptile and Amphibian Conservation Areas within forested wetlands. This indicator was updated in Blueprint 2.1 to extend it to new areas of the forested wetland ecosystem map. Reason for Selection Amphibians provide an indicator of the condition and arrangement of embedded isolated wetlands. Input Data South Atlantic LCC Priority Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Areas (PARCAs) served as input data for this indicator. PARCAs are a nonregulatory designation whose purpose is to raise public awareness and spark voluntary action by landowners and conservation...
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Forested Wetland Extent This layer is an older version of one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the forested wetland ecosystem. It captures the overall acres of forested wetlands present in the South Atlantic geography. This indicator was most recently updated in Blueprint 2.2. The updated version uses an improved resampling method and reflects changes in how extent indicators and ecosystem maps are envisioned. Reason for Selection Overall acreage provides an indicator of whether forested wetlands being inundated by sea level rise are being replaced or restored somewhere else. It is also well monitored and resonates with a diversity of audiences. Input Data, Mapping Steps, and Known Issues -- This indicator...
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Freshwater Marsh Ecosystem Integrity - Blueprint 2.0 This layer is part of an older version of the Blueprint. This data represents the Blueprint 2.0 ecosystem integrity scores for the freshwater marsh ecosystem within the South Atlantic LCC geography. To read more about the indicators, please visit the indicator page. Input Data and Mapping Steps Indicators (200 m resolution) were spatially modeled, tested, reviewed, and used as inputs to derive high integrity areas. Please see the indicator folder in the Blueprint 2.0 data gallery for more information about indicator spatial data. The integrity scores for this system are based on indicators within the freshwater marsh and landscapes ecosystem. These indicators...
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Resilient Biodiversity Hotspots This layer is one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the landscapes “habitat aggregate”, which is intended to capture connections across all terrestrial ecosystems. It is an index of mostly natural, high-diversity areas potentially resilient to climate change. Reason for Selection Resilience scores quantify a combination of landscape diversity and local connectedness, stratified by geophysical setting and ecoregion. These measures represent the the diversity of microclimates available to species based on their topography, wetland density, and elevation range, as well as the connectivity of natural cover. This builds on research from Anderson and Ferree (2010), who showed geophysical...
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Freshwater Marsh Extent This layer is one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the tidal and nontidal freshwater marsh ecosystem. It captures the overall acres of freshwater marsh in the South Atlantic geography. Reason for Selection Overall acreage of existing freshwater marsh provides an indicator of whether tidal freshwater marsh being inundated by sea level rise is being replaced or restored somewhere else. It is also well monitored and resonates with a diversity of audiences. Since the area occupied by freshwater marsh shifts over time due to land use change, this extent indicator complements the freshwater marsh ecosystem map. The ecosystem map attempts to include other potential sites for freshwater...
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Draft Forested Wetland Ecosystem Integrity - Blueprint 2.2 This data represents the Blueprint 2.2 ecosystem integrity scores for the forested wetland ecosystem within the South Atlantic LCC geography. To read more about the indicators, please visit the indicator page. Input Data and Mapping Steps Indicators (200 m resolution) were spatially modeled, tested, reviewed, and used as inputs to derive high integrity areas. Please see the Blueprint 2.2 data gallery for more information about indicator spatial data. The integrity scores for this system are based on the forested wetland indicators, freshwater aquatic indicators, landscapes indicators, and waterscapes indicators. These indicators served as inputs into...
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Forested Wetland Birds This layer is an older version of one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the forested wetland ecosystem. It is an index of habitat suitability for six forested wetland bird species. This indicator was updated in Blueprint 2.1 to extend it to new areas of the forested wetland ecosystem map and the lower half of the ACF Basin. This update also used an improved resampling method. Reason for Selection This index represents a variety of ecosystem features and is already being modeled and monitored for the entire region by the Atlantic Coast Joint Venture. Input Data Select models from the Designing Sustainable Landscapes avian habitat models: -- Black-throated green warbler (bBTNW) -- Chuck-will’s...
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Resilient Biodiversity Hotspots This layer is an older version of one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the landscapes “habitat aggregate”, which is intended to capture connections across all terrestrial ecosystems. It is an index of mostly natural, high-diversity areas potentially resilient to climate change. This indicator was most recently updated in Blueprint 2.2 to incorporate more recent data from TNC’s Resilient Land project. The updated indicator also has 8 categories based on standard deviations from the mean, rather than the two categories in this version, and uses an improved resampling method. Reason for Selection Resilience scores quantify a combination of landscape diversity and local connectedness....
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Beach & Dune Ecosystem Integrity - Blueprint 2.0 This layer is part of an older version of the Blueprint. This data represents the Blueprint 2.0 ecosystem integrity scores for the beach and dune ecosystem within the South Atlantic LCC geography. To read more about the indicators, please visit the indicator page. Input Data and Mapping Steps Indicators (200 m resolution) were spatially modeled, tested, reviewed, and used as inputs to derive high integrity areas. Please see the indicator folder in the Blueprint 2.0 indicator gallery for more information about indicator spatial data. The integrity scores for this system are based on indicators within the beach and dune ecosystem and landscapes "habitat aggregate"....
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Reason for Incorporating Sea-level Rise Transition Areas Sea-level rise is projected to have a profound impact on the people and natural communities of the South Atlantic coast. Both the transition of ecosystems and complete loss of land are projected to occur by 2050. Rather than planning for worst-case inundation scenarios, a recent focus has been placed on managing retreat of coastal wetlands as marshes migrate inland and ecosystems transition (Amundsen et al. 2010, Nicholls and Cazenave 2010, Rogers et al. 2014). This data layer depicts areas where transitions are likely to occur, but given the great uncertainty involved, does not attempt to distinguish between particular transitions (e.g., forested wetlands...
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Beach & Dune Ecosystem Integrity - Blueprint 2.2 This data represents the Blueprint 2.2 ecosystem integrity scores for the beach and dune ecosystem within the South Atlantic LCC geography. To read more about the indicators, please visit the indicator page. Input Data and Mapping Steps Indicators (200 m resolution) were spatially modeled, tested, reviewed, and used as inputs to derive high integrity areas. Please see the Blueprint 2.2 data gallery for more information about indicator spatial data. The integrity scores for this system are based on the beach and dune indicators, freshwater aquatic indicators, landscapes indicators, and waterscapes indicators. These indicators served as inputs into Zonation, a...
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Estuarine Marsh Ecosystem Integrity - Blueprint 2.0 This layer is part of an older version of the Blueprint. This data represents the Blueprint 2.0 ecosystem integrity scores for the estuarine marsh portion of the estuarine ecosystem within the South Atlantic LCC geography. To read more about the indicators, please visit the indicator page. Input Data and Mapping Steps Indicators (200 m resolution) were spatially modeled, tested, reviewed, and used as inputs to derive high integrity areas. Please see the indicator folder in the Blueprint 2.0 indicator gallery for more information about indicator spatial data. The integrity scores for this system are based on indicators within the estuarine marsh ecosystem and...
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Freshwater Marsh Birds This layer is one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the tidal and nontidal freshwater marsh ecosystem. It is an index of potential habitat for five freshwater marsh bird species. Reason for Selection Patch sizes of fresh marsh were ranked with knowledge of marsh bird habitat relationships. Over time, a decrease in patch size will correspond to marsh degradation and wetland loss. Brown and Dinsmore (1986) tested bird responses to wetland patch size in interior fresh marshes. They showed 10 species were not present in wetland patches of < 5 ha, but were included in greater patch sizes. Examples of these species include least bittern, northern pintail, and northern shoveler. Several other...
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Wetland Patch Size This layer is one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the estuarine ecosystem. It is an index based on the size of estuarine patches. Reason for Selection Larger, better connected wetlands are positively associated with fish (Meynecke et al. 2008), shrimp (Turner 1977), and marsh birds. In particular, seaside sparrow (Benoit and Askins 2002, Rush et al. 2009), saltmarsh sharp-tailed sparrow (Benoit and Askins 2002), and marsh wren (Rush et al. 2009) have been associated with marsh area effects. Other species are expected to be limited based on home range size. In addition, wave attenuation is increased with wetland area (Shepard et al. 2011). Over time, a decrease in patch size will correspond...
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Riparian Buffers This layer is an older version of one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the freshwater aquatic ecosystem. It is a riparian buffer index capturing natural habitat near rivers, streams, and large waterbodies. This indicator was totally recomputed in Blueprint 2.1 using improved data and methods. The updated indicator defines riparian buffers using the Active River Area, is no longer summarized at the HUC12 scale, and is continuous rather than binned into categories. Reason for Selection Habitat near rivers and streams is strongly linked to water quality and instream flow (Naiman 1997), is easy to monitor and model, and is widely used and understood by diverse partners. These buffers provide...
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Pine & Prairie Ecosystem Integrity - Blueprint 2.0 This layer is part of an older version of the Blueprint. This data represents the Blueprint 2.0 ecosystem integrity scores for the pine and prarie ecosystem within the South Atlantic LCC geography. To read more about the indicators, please visit the indicator page. Input Data and Mapping Steps Indicators (200 m resolution) were spatially modeled, tested, reviewed, and used as inputs to derive high integrity areas. Please see the indicator folder in the Blueprint 2.0 data gallery for more information about indicator spatial data. The integrity scores for this system are based on indicators within the pine & prarie and landscapes ecosystems. These indicators served...
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Forested Wetland Ecosystem Integrity - Blueprint 2.0 This layer is part of an older version of the Blueprint. This data represents the Blueprint 2.0 ecosystem integrity scores for the forested wetland ecosystem within the South Atlantic LCC geography. To read more about the indicators, please visit the indicator page. Input Data and Mapping Steps Indicators (200 m resolution) were spatially modeled, tested, reviewed, and used as inputs to derive high integrity areas. Please see the indicator folder in the Blueprint 2.0 indicator gallery for more information about indicator spatial data. The integrity scores for this system are based on indicators within the forested wetland ecosystem and landscapes "habitat aggregate"....
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Low Road Density This layer is an older version of one of the South Atlantic LCC indicators in the landscapes “habitat aggregate”, which is intended to capture connections across all terrestrial ecosystems. It is an index of areas with few roads. This indicator was updated in Blueprint 2.1 to use an improved resampling method. Reason for Selection Large areas with few roads are favorable for conservation of numerous species, including reptiles and amphibians, birds, and large mammals. Roads can cause negative impacts by promoting dispersal of invasive species and inhibiting water flow. Road density, as well as urban expansion in areas of low road density, are straightforward to measure and monitor. Road density...


map background search result map search result map OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Landscapes - Resilient Biodiversity Hotspots OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Landscapes - Low Road Density OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Freshwater Aquatic - Riparian Buffers OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Forested Wetland - Forested Wetland Birds OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Forested Wetland - Forested Wetland Extent OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Forested Wetland - Forested Wetland Amphibians Indicator V 2.0: Estuarine Marsh - Wetland Patch Size Indicator V 2.0: Freshwater Marsh - Freshwater Marsh Birds Threats: Sea-level Rise Transition Areas by 2050 (projected rate of 0.9 m by 2100) OUTDATED Pine & Prairie: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 OUTDATED Beach & Dune: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 OUTDATED Estuarine Marsh: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 OUTDATED Forested Wetland: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 OUTDATED Freshwater Marsh: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 Indicator V 2.2: Landscapes - Resilient Biodiversity Hotspots Indicator V 2.2: Freshwater Marsh - Extent Beach & Dune: Ecosystem Score V 2.2 Draft Forested Wetland: Ecosystem Score V 2.2 Draft Pine & Prairie: Ecosystem Score V 2.2 Threats: Sea-level Rise Transition Areas by 2050 (projected rate of 0.9 m by 2100) Indicator V 2.0: Estuarine Marsh - Wetland Patch Size OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Landscapes - Resilient Biodiversity Hotspots OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Landscapes - Low Road Density OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Freshwater Aquatic - Riparian Buffers OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Forested Wetland - Forested Wetland Birds OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Forested Wetland - Forested Wetland Extent OUTDATED Indicator V 2.0: Forested Wetland - Forested Wetland Amphibians Indicator V 2.0: Freshwater Marsh - Freshwater Marsh Birds OUTDATED Pine & Prairie: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 OUTDATED Beach & Dune: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 OUTDATED Estuarine Marsh: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 OUTDATED Forested Wetland: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 OUTDATED Freshwater Marsh: Ecosystem Integrity - South Atlantic Blueprint 2.0 Indicator V 2.2: Landscapes - Resilient Biodiversity Hotspots Indicator V 2.2: Freshwater Marsh - Extent Beach & Dune: Ecosystem Score V 2.2 Draft Forested Wetland: Ecosystem Score V 2.2 Draft Pine & Prairie: Ecosystem Score V 2.2