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During the last glacial maximum (LGM), the western Uinta Mountains of northeastern Utah were occupied by the Western Uinta Ice Field. Cosmogenic Be-10 surface-exposure ages from the terminal moraine in the North Fork Provo Valley and paired Al-26 and Be-10 ages from striated bedrock at Bald Mountain Pass set limits on the timing of the local LGM. Moraine boulder ages suggest that ice reached its maximum extent by 17.4 +/- 0.5 ka (+/- 2 sigma). Be-10 and Al-26 measurements on striated bedrock from Bald Mountain Pass, situated near the former center of the ice field, yield a mean Al-26/Be-10 ratio of 5.7 +/- 0.8 and a mean exposure age of 14.0 +/- 0.5 ka, which places a minimum-limiting age on when the ice field melted...
Cosmogenic surface-exposure 10Be dating of Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) moraines indicates that glaciers in the southwestern Uinta Mountains remained at their maximum positions until ca. 16.8 � 0.7 ka, ?2 k.y. after glaciers in the neighboring Wind River Range and Colorado Rockies began to retreat. The timing of the local LGM in the southwestern Uintas overlaps with both the hydrologic maximum of Lake Bonneville and preliminary estimates of the local LGM in the western Wasatch Mountains. This broad synchroneity indicates that Lake Bonneville and glaciers in northern Utah were responding to similar climate forcing. Furthermore, equilibrium line altitudes (ELAs) for reconstructed LGM alpine glaciers increase with distance...
Recent estimates of the timing of the last glaciation in the southern and western Uinta Mountains of northeastern Utah suggest that the start of ice retreat and the climate-driven regression of pluvial Lake Bonneville both occurred at approximately 16 cal. ka. To further explore the possible climatic relationship of Uinta Mountain glaciers and the lake, and to add to the glacial chronology of the Rocky Mountains, we assembled a range-wide chronology of latest Pleistocene terminal moraines based on seventy-four cosmogenic 10Be surface-exposure ages from seven glacial valleys. New cosmogenic-exposure ages from moraines in three northern and eastern valleys of the Uinta Mountains indicate that glaciers in these parts...
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Numerous 40Ar/39Ar experiments on sanidine and biotite from 22 ash beds and 3 volcaniclastic sand beds from the Greater Green River, Piceance Creek, and Uinta Basins of Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah constrain ~8 m.y. of the Eocene Epoch. Multiple analyses were conducted per sample using laser fusion and incremental heating techniques to differentiate inheritance, 40Ar loss, and 39Ar recoil. When considered in conjunction with existing radioisotopic ages and lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy, and magnetostratigraphy, these new age determinations facilitate temporal correlation of linked Eocene lake basins in the Laramide Rocky Mountain region at a significantly increased level of precision. To compare our results...
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The deposits of Eocene Lake Gosiute that constitute the Green River Formation of Wyoming contain numerous tuff beds that represent isochronous, correlatable stratigraphic markers. Tuff beds selected for 40Ar/39Ar analysis occur within laminated mudstone, are matrix supported, and lack evidence of reworking. These tuffs contain 2%?15% euhedral phenocrysts of quartz, plagioclase, sanidine, biotite, and minor amphibole, pyroxene, and zircon, encased in a matrix of altered glassy ash. Air abrasion and handpicking under refractive- index oils were required to obtain clean, unaltered phenocrysts of sanidine. 40Ar/39Ar age determinations from single-crystal and <1 mg multigrain aliquots of sanidine and biotite allowed...
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U-Pb ages of zircon from the Firehole and Analcite ash beds in the Eocene Green River Formation (Wyoming, United States) are indistinguishable from 40Ar/39Ar ages of sanidine after adjusting the latter to the astronomically calibrated age of 28.201 Ma for the Fish Canyon sanidine standard. Six of nine zircon analyses from the Firehole ash yield concordant ages in an overlapping cluster and give a weighted mean 238U-206Pb age of 51.66 {+/-} 0.20 Ma (full external 2{sigma} uncertainty), indistinguishable from the recalibrated 40Ar/39Ar age of 51.40 {+/-} 0.25 Ma (full external 2{sigma} uncertainty), which is adjusted to eliminate samples with low radiogenic 40Ar*. Significant 238U-206Pb age scatter likely reflects...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation, Journal Citation; Tags: Geology


    map background search result map search result map Synoptic reconstruction of a major ancient lake system: Eocene Green River Formation, western United States 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Eocene Green River Formation, Wyoming Eocene clocks agree: Coeval 40Ar/39Ar, U-Pb, and astronomical ages from the Green River Formation 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Eocene Green River Formation, Wyoming Eocene clocks agree: Coeval 40Ar/39Ar, U-Pb, and astronomical ages from the Green River Formation Synoptic reconstruction of a major ancient lake system: Eocene Green River Formation, western United States