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The Randomized Shortest Path (RSP) raster delineates potential dispersal paths for male-mediated gene flow between grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) populations in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) and the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem (NCDE). A RSP algorithm was used to estimate the average number of net passages for all grid cells at a spatial resolution of 300 m in the study region which spans parts of Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming. RSP rasters identify potential movement paths for 3 levels of random deviation determined by the parameter Θ (i.e., Θ = 0.01, 0.001, and 0.0001) for bears moving from an origin to a destination node. Lower values of Θ result in greater exploration and more random deviation around...
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The Grizzly Bear Recovery Zone (GBRZ) for the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) delineates the area inside the GYE where demographic and habitat criteria were applied, monitored, and evaluated to achieve recovered status of the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. The GBRZ was established by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) in 1993 as part of the Recovery Plan for grizzly bears in the lower 48 conterminous United States. The recovery zone boundary identifies the known distribution of bears at that time and encompasses seasonal habitats needed to support a recovered population. The GYE recovery zone spans portions of Montana, Idaho and Wyoming and includes parts of 5 National Forests (Beaverhead-Deerlodge,...
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The grizzly bear distribution boundary represents the estimated geographic extent of occupied range of the Yellowstone grizzly bear population for the period 1980-1989. The distribution boundary was delineated to provide reliable estimations of grizzly bear occupancy throughout time and for use as a monitoring tool in grizzly bear management and conservation. The boundary was delineated by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team (IGBST) using an interpolation method based on grizzly bear telemetry and GPS locations as well as verified observations and signs of grizzly bears inside the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem during 1980 to1989.
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The Wind River Indian Reservation is an area encompassing approximately 9,000 square kilometers in northwest Wyoming shared by the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho tribes of the Native American Indian Nations. The boundary feature was generated by the U.S. Geological Survey to represent the external boundary of the reservation at a scale of 1:500,000.
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The Conservation Strategy Management Area (CSMA) is an area within which a delisted Yellowstone grizzly bear population was managed with the objective to maintain a stable to increasing population. The CSMA was formalized in the 2007 Federal Rule (72 FR 14866) which removed the Yellowstone distinct population segment from Federal protection as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. The CSMA was delineated as the area from within which the Yellowstone grizzly bear population size was estimated and sustainable mortality thresholds and demographic criteria were applied. The decision to replace the CSMA boundary with the Demographic Monitoring Area was first approved by the Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee...
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For several decades, grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) populations in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) and the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem (NCDE) have increased in numbers and range extent. Whereas the NCDE population is contiguous with grizzly bear populations in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, genetic evidence suggests the GYE population remains isolated. Recent analyses indicate the effective population size of GYE grizzly bears has increased and is approaching levels needed for long-term viability. With only ~110 km distance separating current estimates of occupied range for these populations, the potential for immigration into the GYE from an NCDE migrant, or vice versa, is likely greater now than...
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The Yellowstone grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) was listed as a threatened species in 1975 (Federal Register 40 FR:31734-31736). Since listing, recovery efforts have focused on increasing population size, improving habitat security, managing bear mortalities, and reducing bear-human conflicts. The Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee (IGBC; partnership of federal and state agencies responsible for grizzly bear recovery in the lower 48 states) and its Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommitte (YES; federal, state, county, and tribal partners charged with recovery of grizzly bears in the Greater Yelowston Ecosystem [GYE]) tasked the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team to provide information and further research relevant to three...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation
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Flight Observation Units, also referred to as Bear Observation Areas (BOAs), were delineated by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team (IGBST) to facilitate systematic aerial monitoring of the grizzly bear population within the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Flight units were last updated in 2014 to depict 54 distinct observation areas spanning the spatial extent of the Demographic Monitoring Area established for the Yellowstone grizzly bear population.
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The Distinct Population Segment (DPS) boundary is an area formalized in the 2007 Final Delisting Rule (72 FR 14866) which designates the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) population of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) as a single and distinct population from the remaining populations in the lower 48 States. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service applied the DPS policy based on the discreteness and significance of the Yellowstone population segment in relation to the remainder of the taxon in the conterminous 48 States.
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The Suitable Habitat boundary identifies areas inside the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem where habitat is deemed suitable for supporting a viable and self-sustaining Yellowstone grizzly bear population into the foreseeable future. The boundary was established by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and formalized in the 2007 Final Rule to remove the Yellowstone grizzly bear from federal protection as a Threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (72 FR 14866 – currently vacated).
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Grizzly bear recovery zones were established by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1993 to delineate regions in the lower 48 states that have sufficient habitat to target recovery for five, and possibly six remnant grizzly bear populations. Recovery zones represent the five known populations in the lower 48 United States including the Northern Continental Divide, Greater Yellowstone, Cabinet-Yaak, Selkirk, and North Cascade populations. The bitterroot ecosystem in Idaho represents the possible sixth population. The grizzly bear once ranged across a large portion of western North America from northern Mexico to Alaska and across much of Canada. Current distribution in the lower 48 United States is reduced to less...
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The 2016 Food Storage Order (FSO) boundary layer depicts those areas on Federal lands within the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) where legal requirements pertaining to safe storage, possession, and handling of food and other grizzly bear attractants are implemented. FSOs give Forest Supervisors and National Park Superintendents the authority to close or restrict the use of designated areas under their jurisdiction in order to minimize human/grizzly bear conflicts. As of 2016, FSOs are prescribed on 98% of all Forest and Park Service lands inside the grizzly bear demographic monitoring area of the GYE. FSOs help facilitate connectivity between the Yellowstone grizzly bear and adjacent populations by minimizing...
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Bear Management Units (BMUs) are management areas within the Grizzly Bear Recovery Zone (GBRZ) that were delineated by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team (IGBST) to assist in managing habitat and monitoring population trends of the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. BMU areas approximate the size of the lifetime range of an average adult female and reflect areas of biological relevance to grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE). The GBRZ was divided into 18 distinct BMUs to facilitate monitoring and ensure that adequate habitat and numbers of grizzly bears are well distributed throughout the GYE recovery zone.
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This dataset provides numbers of documented mortalities for independent aged ( ≥ 2-years-old) grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) from human and undetermined causes that occurred during 1998–2017 within 49-km2 (7- x 7-km) grid cells from the Greater Yellowstone (GYE) and Northern Continental Divide (NCDE) ecosystems of the western United States.
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The grizzly bear distribution boundary represents the estimated geographic extent of occupied range of the Yellowstone grizzly bear population for the period 2000-2014. The distribution boundary was delineated to provide reliable estimations of grizzly bear occupancy throughout time and for use as a monitoring tool in grizzly bear management and conservation. The boundary was delineated by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team (IGBST) using an interpolation method based on grizzly bear telemetry and GPS locations as well as verified observations and signs of grizzly bears inside the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem during 2000 to 2014.
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For several decades, grizzly bear populations in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) and the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem (NCDE) have increased in numbers and range extent. The GYE population remains isolated and although effective population size has increased since the early 1980s, genetic connectivity between these populations remains a long-term management goal. With only ~110 km distance separating current estimates of occupied range for these populations, the potential for gene flow is likely greater now than it has been for many decades. We sought to delineate potential paths that would provide the opportunity for male-mediated gene flow between the two populations. We first developed step-selection...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Ecosphere
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Increasing winter use of steep, high-elevation terrain by backcountry recreationists has elevated concern about disturbance of denning grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE). To help identify areas where such conflicts might occur, we developed a spatially explicit model to predict potential denning areas in the GYE. Using a scan area of 630 m around each location, we assigned site attributes to 344 den locations of radio-trackedg rizzly bears from 1975-99. Attributesi dentified as predictorsf or the analysis included elevation, slope, an index of solar radiation, and forest cover. We used the Mahalanobis distance statistic to model the similarity between sites used by denning bears...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Ursus
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This dataset consists of point features identifying indices for potential passage rate at intersections with major transportation corridors for grizzly bear movements between the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) and Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem (NCDE) in the northwestern United States. Points are spaced at 300-meter intervals along major road corridors (interstates and U.S. highways) and are populated with values from Randomized Shortest Path (RSP) predictive raster models of potential male grizzly bear movement between the two ecosystems as described in Peck et al. 2016 (Potential paths for male-mediated gene flow to and from an isolated grizzly bear population, Ecosphere 8(10):e01969). RSP scores extracted...
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The grizzly bear distribution boundary represents the estimated geographic extent of occupied range of the Yellowstone grizzly bear population for the period 1990-2000. The distribution boundary was delineated to provide reliable estimations of grizzly bear occupancy throughout time and for use as a monitoring tool in grizzly bear management and conservation. The boundary was delineated by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team (IGBST) using an interpolation method based on grizzly bear telemetry and GPS locations as well as verified observations and signs of grizzly bears inside the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem during 1990 to 2000.
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The Demographic Monitoring Area (DMA) is the boundary within which all demographic criteria for the Yellowstone grizzly bear population are currently monitored and evaluated. The DMA replaces the Conservation Strategy Management Area (CSMA) as the area within which total grizzly bear population size is estimated and biologically sustainable mortality thresholds are established. All grizzly bear observations and mortalities inside the DMA are counted toward population estimates and mortality thresholds; however, observations outside the monitoring area are also recorded and reported by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team.


map background search result map search result map Bear Management Units for the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Conservation Strategy Management Area for the Yellowstone Ecosystem Demographic Monitoring Area for the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Distinct Population Segment Boundary of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Distribution of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear (1980-1989) Distribution of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear (1990-2000) Distribution of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear (2000-2014) Food Storage Order in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem 2016 Suitable Grizzly Bear Habitat in the Yellowstone Ecosystem Potential movement paths for male grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) dispersal between the Northern Continental Divide and Greater Yellowstone Ecosystems, 2000-2015 Randomized shortest paths for Grizzly Bear dispersal between the GYE and NCDE Flight Observation Units for Monitoring the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Population Grizzly Bear Recovery Zone for the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem Grizzly Bear Recovery Zones in the Lower 48 United States Grizzly bear mortalities in the Greater Yellowstone and Northern Continental Divide Ecosystems, 1998-2017 Potential grizzly bear passage along major road corridors in northwest Montana Wind River Reservation Boundary Wind River Reservation Boundary Distribution of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear (1980-1989) Bear Management Units for the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Grizzly Bear Recovery Zone for the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem Distribution of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear (1990-2000) Demographic Monitoring Area for the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Flight Observation Units for Monitoring the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Population Suitable Grizzly Bear Habitat in the Yellowstone Ecosystem Distribution of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear (2000-2014) Potential grizzly bear passage along major road corridors in northwest Montana Conservation Strategy Management Area for the Yellowstone Ecosystem Food Storage Order in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem 2016 Distinct Population Segment Boundary of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Potential movement paths for male grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) dispersal between the Northern Continental Divide and Greater Yellowstone Ecosystems, 2000-2015 Randomized shortest paths for Grizzly Bear dispersal between the GYE and NCDE Grizzly Bear Recovery Zones in the Lower 48 United States Grizzly bear mortalities in the Greater Yellowstone and Northern Continental Divide Ecosystems, 1998-2017