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We used the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST; Warner and others, 2010) model to simulate ocean circulation, waves, and sediment transport in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, during Hurricane Sandy. The simulation period was from October 27 to November 4, 2012. Initial conditions for the salinity and temperature fields in the domain were acquired from a 7-month simulation of the same domain (Defne and Ganju, 2018). We used a 2012 digital terrain model (Andrews and others, 2015) to prescribe the prestorm bathymetry. Wetting and drying was enabled, wave-current interaction was modeled with a boundary-layer formulation accounting for the apparent roughness of waves, and the vortex force formulation...
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Water quality in the Barnegat Bay estuary along the New Jersey coast is the focus of a multidisciplinary research project begun in 2011 by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. This narrow estuary is the drainage for the Barnegat Bay watershed and flushed by just three inlets connecting it to the Atlantic Ocean, is experiencing degraded water quality, algal blooms, loss of seagrass, and increases in oxygen-depletion events. The scale of the estuary and the scope of the problems within it required a regional approach to understand and model water circulation within the bay and adjacent ocean. A continuous elevation surface (terrain model) integrating...
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This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region from Jamaica Bay to western Great South Bay, located in southeastern New York State. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence wetland health. Through scientific efforts initiated with the Hurricane Sandy Science Plan, the U.S. Geological Survey has been expanding national assessment of coastal change hazards and forecast products to coastal wetlands with the intent of providing Federal, State, and local managers with...
The development of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV) growth model within the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST) model leads to a change in SAV biomass. The SAV biomass is computed from temperature, nutrient loading and light predictions obtained from coupled hydrodynamics (temperature), bio-geochemistry (nutrients) and bio-optical (light) models. In exchange, the growth of SAV sequesters or contributes nutrients from the water column and sediment layers. The presence of SAV modulates current and wave attenuation and consequently affects modelled sediment transport. The model of West Falmouth Harbor in Massachusetts, USA was simulated to study the seagrass growth/dieback pattern in a hypothetical...
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The salt marsh complex of the Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge (EBFNWR), which spans over Great Bay, Little Egg Harbor, and Barnegat Bay (New Jersey, USA), was delineated to smaller, conceptual marsh units by geoprocessing of surface elevation data. Flow accumulation based on the relative elevation of each location is used to determine the ridge lines that separate each marsh unit while the surface slope is used to automatically assign each unit a drainage point, where water is expected to drain through. Through scientific efforts associated with the Hurricane Sandy Science Plan, the U.S. Geological Survey has started to expand national assessment of coastal change hazards and forecast products to coastal...
Prior research has shown that sediment budgets, and therefore stability, of microtidal marsh complexes scale with areal unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratios (UVVR) suggesting these metrics are broadly applicable indicators of microtidal marsh vulnerability. This effort has developed the UVVR metric using readily available satellite imagery for the coastal areas of the contiguous United States (CONUS). These datasets provide annual averages of 1) developed, 2) vegetated, 3) unvegetated ratios and 4) an unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR) at 30-meter resolution over the coastal areas of the contiguous United States for the years 2014-2018. Additionally, multi-year average values of vegetated ratio, its standard...
Prior research has shown that sediment budgets, and therefore stability, of microtidal marsh complexes scale with areal unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratios (UVVR) suggesting these metrics are broadly applicable indicators of microtidal marsh vulnerability. This effort has developed the UVVR metric using readily available satellite imagery for the coastal areas of the contiguous United States (CONUS). These datasets provide annual averages of 1) developed, 2) vegetated, 3) unvegetated ratios and 4) an unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR) at 30-meter resolution over the coastal areas of the contiguous United States for the years 2014-2018. Additionally, multi-year average values of vegetated ratio, its standard...
Prior research has shown that sediment budgets, and therefore stability, of microtidal marsh complexes scale with areal unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratios (UVVR) suggesting these metrics are broadly applicable indicators of microtidal marsh vulnerability. This effort has developed the UVVR metric using Landsat 8 satellite imagery for the coastal areas of the contiguous United States (CONUS). These datasets provide annual averages of 1) developed, 2) vegetated, 3) unvegetated fractional covers and 4) an unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR) at 30-meter resolution over the coastal areas of the contiguous United States for the years 2014-2018. Additionally, multi-year average values of vegetated fractional cover...
Prior research has shown that sediment budgets, and therefore stability, of microtidal marsh complexes scale with areal unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratios (UVVR) suggesting these metrics are broadly applicable indicators of microtidal marsh vulnerability. This effort has developed the UVVR metric using Landsat 8 satellite imagery for the coastal areas of the contiguous United States (CONUS). These datasets provide annual averages of 1) developed, 2) vegetated, 3) unvegetated fractional covers and 4) an unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR) at 30-meter resolution over the coastal areas of the contiguous United States for the years 2014-2018. Additionally, multi-year average values of vegetated fractional cover...
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Low-altitude (80 and 100 meters above ground level) digital images were taken over an area of the Plum Island Estuary and Parker River National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Massachusetts using 3DR Solo unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) on February 27, 2018. These images were collected as part of an effort to document marsh stability over time and quantify sediment movement using UAS technology. Each UAS was equipped with either a Ricoh GRII digital camera for natural color photos, used to produce digital elevation models and ortho images, or a MicaSense RedEdge multi-spectral camera that captures five specific bands of the visible spectrum (blue, green, red, red edge, and near-infrared), which can be used to classify...
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This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of eastern Long Island, New York, including the north and south forks, Gardiners Island, and Fishers Island. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, mean tidal range, and shoreline change rate are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence wetland health. Through scientific efforts initiated with the Hurricane Sandy Science Plan, the U.S. Geological Survey has been expanding national assessment of coastal change hazards and forecast products to coastal wetlands with the intent of...
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Natural and anthropogenic contaminants, pathogens, and viruses are found in soils and sediments throughout the United States. Enhanced dispersion and concentration of these environmental health stressors in coastal regions can result from sea level rise and storm-derived disturbances. The combination of existing environmental health stressors and those mobilized by natural or anthropogenic disasters could adversely impact the health and resilience of coastal communities and ecosystems. This dataset displays the exposure potential to environmental health stressors in the Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge (EBFNWR), which spans over Great Bay, Little Egg Harbor, and Barnegat Bay in New Jersey, USA. Exposure...
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We used the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST; Warner and others, 2010) model to simulate ocean circulation, waves, and sediment transport in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, during Hurricane Sandy. The simulation period was from October 27 to November 4, 2012. Initial conditions for the salinity and temperature fields in the domain were acquired from a 7-month simulation of the same domain (Defne and Ganju, 2018). We used a 2012 digital terrain model (Andrews and others, 2015) to prescribe the prestorm bathymetry. Wetting and drying was enabled, wave-current interaction was modeled with a boundary-layer formulation accounting for the apparent roughness of waves, and the vortex force formulation...
Categories: Data; Types: Map Service, NetCDF OPeNDAP Service, OGC WMS Layer; Tags: CMG_Portal, Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Natural Hazards > Floods, Earth Science > Oceans > Marine Sediments > Sediment Transport, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Circulation > Ocean Currents, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Potential Temperature, All tags...
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The development of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV) growth model within the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST) model leads to a change in SAV biomass. The SAV biomass is computed from temperature, nutrient loading and light predictions obtained from coupled hydrodynamics (temperature), bio-geochemistry (nutrients) and bio-optical (light) models. In exchange, the growth of SAV sequesters or contributes nutrients from the water column and sediment layers. The presence of SAV modulates current and wave attenuation and consequently affects modelled sediment transport. The model of West Falmouth Harbor in Massachusetts, USA was simulated to study the seagrass growth/dieback pattern in a hypothetical...
Categories: Data; Types: Map Service, NetCDF OPeNDAP Service, OGC WMS Layer; Tags: CMG_Portal, Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Natural Hazards > Floods, Earth Science > Oceans > Marine Sediments >Sediment Transport, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Circulation > Ocean Currents, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Potential Temperature, All tags...
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This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of eastern Long Island, New York, including the north and south forks, Gardiners Island, and Fishers Island. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence wetland health. Through scientific efforts initiated with the Hurricane Sandy Science Plan, the U.S. Geological Survey has been expanding national assessment of coastal change hazards and forecast products to coastal wetlands with the intent of providing Federal, State,...
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Unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratio (UVVR) in the Fire Island National Seashore and Central Great South Bay salt marsh complex, is computed based on conceptual marsh units defined by Defne and Ganju (2018). UVVR was calculated based on U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) 1-meter resolution imagery. Through scientific efforts initiated with the Hurricane Sandy Science Plan, the U.S. Geological Survey has been expanding national assessment of coastal change hazards and forecast products to coastal wetlands, including the Fire Island National Seashore and Central Great South Bay salt marshes, with the intent of providing Federal, State, and local managers with tools to estimate...
This USGS Data Release represents geospatial data sets which were created to produce an Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the conterminous United States (2014-2018). The following listed image products were generated 1) Annual spatial datasets (rasters) from 2014 to 2018 each containing 4 bands (Band 1: Unvegetated land fraction; Band 2: Vegetated land fraction; Band 3: Water fraction; Band 4: UVVR clipped into 3 coastal regions (Atlantic (ATL) Gulf of Mexico (GOM) and Pacific (PAC). 2) Calibration/Validation Datasets - datasets which were used in the calibration and validation of the above datasets 3) Mean of masked, multiyear composite - Mean vegetated fraction in coastal wetlands in...
Prior research has shown that sediment budgets, and therefore stability, of microtidal marsh complexes scale with areal unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratios (UVVR) suggesting these metrics are broadly applicable indicators of microtidal marsh vulnerability. This effort has developed the UVVR metric using readily available satellite imagery for the coastal areas of the contiguous United States (CONUS). These datasets provide annual averages of 1) developed, 2) vegetated, 3) unvegetated ratios and 4) an unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR) at 30-meter resolution over the coastal areas of the contiguous United States for the years 2014-2018. Additionally, multi-year average values of vegetated ratio, its standard...
These datasets were created from high-resolution (1-m) datasets representing median conditions during a 2014-2019 time period. These datasets used National Agricultural Inventory Program (NAIP) imagery, as well as Sentinel-2 satellite imagery, to estimate the fractional composition of unvegetated, vegetated, and water in each pixel. Random samples from these high resolution datasets were used to inform calibration and validation of the moderate resolution (30-m) Landsat datasets. To facilitate comparability with the Landsat datasets, these data were aggregated up to 30-m resolution.
Prior research has shown that sediment budgets, and therefore stability, of microtidal marsh complexes scale with areal unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratios (UVVR) suggesting these metrics are broadly applicable indicators of microtidal marsh vulnerability. This effort has developed the UVVR metric using Landsat 8 satellite imagery for the coastal areas of the contiguous United States (CONUS). These datasets provide annual averages of 1) developed, 2) vegetated, 3) unvegetated fractional covers and 4) an unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR) at 30-meter resolution over the coastal areas of the contiguous United States for the years 2014-2018. Additionally, multi-year average values of vegetated fractional cover...


map background search result map search result map Exposure potential of saltmarsh units in Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge to environmental health stressors (polygon shapefile) Coastal wetlands of E.B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey Unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratio in Fire Island National Seashore and Central Great South Bay salt marsh complex, New York True color aerial imagery from unmanned aerial systems (UAS) flights and image locations: Plum Island Estuary and Parker River NWR (PIEPR), February 27th, 2018 U.S. Geological Survey hydrodynamic model simulations for Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, during Hurricane Sandy, 2012 Coastal wetlands from Jamaica Bay to western Great South Bay, New York USGS Barnegat Bay hydrodynamic model for Hurricane Sandy without swell and waves (noSW) Numerical model of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV) growth dynamics in West Falmouth Harbor Numerical model of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV) growth dynamics in West Falmouth Harbor without nitrate loading Coastal wetlands of eastern Long Island, New York Rate of shoreline change of marsh units in eastern Long Island salt marsh complex, New York An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the United States - 2015 An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the United States - 2016 An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the Pacific Coast - 2018 Polygon boundaries for source data of a continuous terrain model for water circulation studies: Barnegat Bay, New Jersey (Esri polygon shapefile, Geographic, WGS 84) Standard deviation of the vegetated fraction in coastal wetlands along the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast (16-bit GeoTIFF) Standard deviation of the vegetated fraction in coastal wetlands along the U.S. Pacific Coast (16-bit GeoTIFF) Vegetated fraction in coastal wetlands along the U.S. Atlantic Coast (16-bit GeoTIFF) An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the Conterminous United States (2014-2018) A NAIP and Sentinel-2 based quantification of fractional composition of unvegetated, vegetated, and water in the Gulf of Mexico Coast, 2014-2019 used for calibration and validation of Landsat based datasets True color aerial imagery from unmanned aerial systems (UAS) flights and image locations: Plum Island Estuary and Parker River NWR (PIEPR), February 27th, 2018 Numerical model of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV) growth dynamics in West Falmouth Harbor without nitrate loading Coastal wetlands from Jamaica Bay to western Great South Bay, New York Unvegetated to vegetated marsh ratio in Fire Island National Seashore and Central Great South Bay salt marsh complex, New York Coastal wetlands of E.B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey Exposure potential of saltmarsh units in Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge to environmental health stressors (polygon shapefile) U.S. Geological Survey hydrodynamic model simulations for Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, during Hurricane Sandy, 2012 USGS Barnegat Bay hydrodynamic model for Hurricane Sandy without swell and waves (noSW) Polygon boundaries for source data of a continuous terrain model for water circulation studies: Barnegat Bay, New Jersey (Esri polygon shapefile, Geographic, WGS 84) Rate of shoreline change of marsh units in eastern Long Island salt marsh complex, New York Coastal wetlands of eastern Long Island, New York Standard deviation of the vegetated fraction in coastal wetlands along the U.S. Pacific Coast (16-bit GeoTIFF) Standard deviation of the vegetated fraction in coastal wetlands along the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast (16-bit GeoTIFF) An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the Pacific Coast - 2018 A NAIP and Sentinel-2 based quantification of fractional composition of unvegetated, vegetated, and water in the Gulf of Mexico Coast, 2014-2019 used for calibration and validation of Landsat based datasets Vegetated fraction in coastal wetlands along the U.S. Atlantic Coast (16-bit GeoTIFF) An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the United States - 2015 An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the United States - 2016 An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the Conterminous United States (2014-2018)