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This dataset describes the quantity, morphology, concentration and polymer identity of microplastics in surficial benthic sediment of Lake Michigan and Lake Erie. Lake Michigan sediment samples were collected at 20 locations in September, 2013 and Lake Erie sediment samples were collected at 12 locations in September, 2014 while on-board the R.V. Lake Guardian. Sampling and analysis methods are described in the Processing Steps section of the metadata.
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This dataset describes water-quantity and -quality data measured from the parking lot influent and underdrain and overflow effluent from the permeable asphalt, concrete and paver test plots in Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Data include precipitation statistics, volumes, and concentrations and loads of total and dissolved forms of solids, nutrients, chloride, and bacteria. Samples were collected in August 2014 through September 2016. These data are interpreted in a USGS Scientific Investigations Report.
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Interannual differences in the water quality of Anvil Lake, WI, were examined to determine how water level and climate affect the hydrodynamics and trophic state of shallow lakes, and their importance compared to anthropogenic changes in the watershed. To determine how changes in water level may affect these processes, the General Lake Model (GLM) was used to simulate how the lake’s thermal structure should change in response to changes in water level using R. This dataset includes the data inputs to the GLM model and the direct outputs from the model. Model Calibration (GLM_CalibrationZ); Simulation of with Deep Lake and Cold Weather (GLM_Deep_Cold_SimulationZ); Simulation of with Deep Lake and Hot Weather (GLM_Deep_Hot_SimulationZ);...
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Three regression models were developed for describing variability of host-specific flux data in eight Great Lakes tributaries. Models include one for Lachnospiraceae flux, one for human bacteroides flux, and one for ruminant bacteroides flux. Models were developed using the R project for statistical computing with core functionality and the survival, smwrBase, and smwrQW packages. Predictor variables for these models are included in the data file and input files provided. These include sampling dates and times, rainfall depth, percent of watershed underlain by tile drainage, cattle population (for the ruminant marker model) and human population (for the human marker models). Sample collection and laboratory analyses...
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The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, developed a predictive, mechanistic, three-dimensional hydrodynamic model for the St. Louis River Estuary (SLRE), Minnesota. This model was developed with Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC), a grid-based, surface-water modeling package for simulating three-dimensional circulation, mass transport, sediments, and biogeochemical processes. The new model predicts discharge, water-surface elevations, flow velocity, and water temperature. The model was calibrated using data collected from April 2016 through November 2016 and validated with...
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This data release contains input data used in model development and TIF raster files used to predict the probability of high arsenic (As) and high manganese (Mn) in groundwater within the glacial aquifer system in the northern United States. Input data include measured As and Mn concentrations at groundwater wells, and associated predictor variable data. The probability of high As and high Mn was predicted using boosted regression tree methods using the gbm package in R version 4.0.0. The response variables for individual models were the occurrence of: (1) As >10 µg/L, and (2) Mn >300 µg/L. Water-quality data were compiled from three sources, as described in Wilson and others (2019): a compilation of data from numerous...
Long-term monitoring data of geomorphic, hydrological, and biological characteristics of landscapes. This information provides an effective means of relating observed change to possible causes of the change. Identification of changes in basin characteristics, especially in arid areas where the response to altered climate or land use is generally rapid and readily apparent, might provide the initial direct indications that factors such as global warming and cultural impacts have affected the environment. The Vigil Network provides an opportunity for earth and life scientists to participate in a systematic monitoring effort to detect landscape changes over time, and to relate such changes to possible causes. This...
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The dataset contains GPS survey data from the second of two surveys conducted after a high flow event on August 20, 2018, at the USGS streamgage 04087088 - Underwood Creek at Wauwatosa, WI. This survey, on July 17, 2019, documents cross section geometry. The survey was performed using Trimble R10 RTK GPS unit (SN: 5326439561) and Trimble S7 Robotic Total Station (SN: 37430018).
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Median summer water yields and resultant flows are used in Michigan to regulate large water withdrawals to help prevent negative effects on characteristic fish populations. Large water withdrawals commonly are associated with irrigation in rural areas. In an earlier statewide report, an index-flow statistic for the period of record, defined as the median flow during the summer month of lowest flow, was used to characterize median summer flows and associated water yields. In this report, the annual series of median summer water yields for the period July 1 through September 30 within the period of record is used to characterize median summer water yields. For 27 streamgages included in both reports, the average index...
Categories: Data; Tags: Allegan County, Michigan, Barry County, Michigan, Berrien County, Michigan, Branch County, Michigan, Calhoun County, Michigan, All tags...
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This dataset consists of concentration and isotopic data for a method designed to isolate and analyze methylmercury. Several matrices (lab-based, and natural) were tested to ensure that the method was capable of recovering methylmercury amendments. Additionally, natural matrices (plankton and sediment) with ambient methylmercury were also analyzed to ensure that the method could be successfully applied to natural matrices. Separation tests for sediment, water, and biotic matrices showed acceptable recoveries (98 ± 5%, n = 54) and reproducible δ202Hg isotope results (2SD < 0.15 ‰) down to 5 ng of MeHg. This dataset is part of a complimentary paper published in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-019-02277-0)...
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This data release contains: (1) ASCII grids of predicted probability of elevated arsenic in groundwater for the Northwest and Central Minnesota regions, (2) input arsenic and predictive variable data used in model development and calculation of predictions, and (3) ASCII files used to predict the probability of elevated arsenic across the two study regions. The probability of elevated arsenic was predicted using Boosted Regression Tree (BRT) modeling methods using the gbm package in R Studio version 3.4.2. The response variable was the presence or absence of arsenic >10 µg/L, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s maximum contaminant level for arsenic, in 3,283 wells located throughout both study regions (1,363...
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DRAINMOD, a field-scale, process-based, distributed model (Skaggs, 1980; https://www.bae.ncsu.edu/agricultural-water-management/DRAINMOD/), was used to simulate subsurface drainage flow and field water-surface elevations. DRAINMOD simulations are often used to optimize drainage patterns for agricultural fields with subsurface drainage. For this study, the model results were also used to simulate deep seepage rates. Deep seepage is the amount of water that moves past the agricultural drains. These deep seepage rates were then used as a surrogate for potential groundwater recharge rates. A total of nine different scenarios were run, each sceanrio corresponding to a different location on one of three different field...
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Avian botulism toxicity is a common cause of death to water and shore birds that live near or migrate through Lake Michigan. The botulism neuro-toxin type E (bontE) gene is responsible for the production of botulinum neurotoxin type E. Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) was performed using a Step One Plus Thermocycler (Applied Biosystems) and protocol described in Getchell and others, 2011, Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. The assay was used to assess microbial community DNA obtained from environmental samples that were collected by Great Lakes Science Center and by National Park Service from 2011 to 2014 for the bontE gene. Samples were obtained by ponar grab or by divers and matrices collected...
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This USGS data release presents historic shorelines of Lake Superior near Odanah, Wisconsin encompassing the delta complex of the Bad River from 1852 to 2013 compiled in a Geographic Information System. The coverage of the shorelines starts approximately 8 km northeast of Ashland and extends for about 40 km to approximately 3 km east of the Bad River mouth. The shorelines were derived from land survey maps, topographic maps (USGS), and aerial photographs. The data set includes 10 shorelines for the years 1852, 1934, 1939, 1953, 1963, 1979, 1986, 1992, 1999, and 2013. Detail in the initial years of the shorelines (1852, 1934) may appear to be coarser having been hand drawn. Following 1939, all the shorelines were...
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Confined (or buried) aquifers overlain by till confining units are used to supply drinking water to millions of people. Till confining units are typically conceptualized as having very low potential for transmitting water. Thus, buried aquifers are thought to be less susceptible to surface contamination, but may recharge very slowly and may be prone to unsustainable groundwater withdrawals. Quantification of the recharge (leakage) rate through till is essential to understanding the long-term sustainability of groundwater withdrawals from buried aquifers and yet few data exist on the hydraulic properties of till and groundwater flux through till. The information contained in this data release is generated from field...
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This dataset describes the storm event mean concentrations and loads of total and dissolved forms of phosphorus and nitrogen from paired samples collected in the control and test catchment during the calibration and treatment phase of a leaf removal study in Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Samples were collected in spring 2013 through fall 2015 and are parsed by season where spring represents April – May, summer represents June – September and fall represents October – November. Measured weather parameters for each sampled storm event are also described. These data are interpreted in a journal article published in Science of the Total Environment.
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This data set includes new and historical sediment data collected at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgage on the Nemadji River near South Superior, Wisconsin (station number 04024430) from 1973 through 2016. The data were used in a comparison study of stream sediment collection and laboratory techniques for characterizing suspended sediment, bedload, and total sediment loads. Data results included in this data release include 1) suspended-sediment concentration data collected in 2015-16 using U.S. Geological Survey and Wisconsin and Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) methods; 2) streambed material particle size, measured bedload, total sediment loads, and model archive for the modified Einstein...
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This dataset describes water-quality data measured from the parking lot influent and underdrain and overflow effluent from the porous asphalt, pervious concrete, and permeable interlocking concrete paver test plots in Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Data include precipitation statistics; influent, overflow, and underdrain volumes; and concentrations and loads of total and dissolved forms of solids, nutrients, chloride, metals, and bacteria. Samples were collected in September 2016 through July 2018. These data are interpreted in the Journal of Environmental Management.
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The U.S. Geological Survey, Voyageurs National Park, South Dakota State University, and Missouri Department of Conservation conducted a cooperative study to measure ratios of strontium to calcium (Sr:Ca) in cross sections of pectoral fin rays obtained from lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) captured in lakes and rivers of Namakan Reservoir in Minnesota and Ontario. We measured Sr:Ca ratios in cross sections of 37 pectoral fin rays collected from 10 locations (5 rivers and 5 lakes) in Namakan Reservoir as part of a larger study to investigate whether relations between Sr:Ca in water and pectoral fin rays were significant and useful for determining migratory histories of lake sturgeon in Namakan Reservoir. Pectoral...
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The dataset contains GPS survey data from the first of two surveys conducted after a high flow event on August 20, 2018, at the USGS streamgage 04087088 - Underwood Creek at Wauwatosa, WI. This survey, on September 14, 2018, documents high-water marks. The survey was performed using Topcon GR-5 GPS unit (SN: 851-10007).


map background search result map search result map Concentration of total and dissolved forms of phosphorus and nitrogen from the control and test catchment during the calibration and treatment phase in Madison, WI (2013 - 2015) Regression models and associated data for describing variability of host specific bacteria fluxes in eight Great Lakes tributaries, 2011-2013 Storm Characteristics, Concentrations, and Loads Measured at the Permeable Pavement Research Facility, Madison, Wisconsin (2014 - 2016) Groundwater arsenic data and ASCII grids for predicting elevated arsenic in northwestern and central Minnesota using boosted regression tree methods GLM model data sets used to evaluate changes in the hydrodynamics of Anvil Lake, Wisconsin Avian Botulism qPCR data, Leelanau Peninsula, Michigan. Years 2011-2014 Geochemical data, water-level data, and slug test analysis results from till confining units and confined aquifers in glacial deposits near Akeley, Cromwell, Litchfield, and Olivia, Minnesota, 2015-2018 Data on Factors Affecting Spatial and Temporal Variations of Annual Summer Median Water Yields in Southwestern Michigan, 1945-2015 Historic Lake Superior shorelines near Odanah, Wisconsin (1852 - 2013) Stormwater-quality data for lined permeable pavement systems in Madison, WI, from September 2016 through July 2018 Ratios of strontium to calcium measured in pectoral fin rays of lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) captured in the lakes and rivers of Namakan Reservoir, Minnesota, United States and Ontario, Canada, 2007-15 Microplastics in the surficial benthic sediment from Lake Michigan and Lake Erie, 2013 and 2014 DRAINMOD simulations for two agricultural drainage sites in western Fillmore County, southeastern Minnesota Isolation of Methylmercury Using Distillation and Anion-Exchange Chromatography for Isotopic Analyses in Natural Matrices Data Release St. Louis River estuary (Minnesota-Wisconsin) EFDC hydrodynamic model for discharge and temperature simulations: 2016–17 04087088 - Underwood Creek at Wauwatosa, WI - 2018/09/14 GPS Survey 04087088 - Underwood Creek at Wauwatosa, WI - 2019/07/17 GPS Survey Selected sediment data and results from regression models, modified Einstein Procedure, and loads estimation for the Nemadji River, 1973-2016 Groundwater data, predictor variables, and rasters used for predicting the probability of high arsenic and high manganese in the Glacial Aquifer System, northern continental United States The Vigil Network: long-term, broad spectrum data collected to observe landscape change in drainage basins Stormwater-quality data for lined permeable pavement systems in Madison, WI, from September 2016 through July 2018 04087088 - Underwood Creek at Wauwatosa, WI - 2018/09/14 GPS Survey 04087088 - Underwood Creek at Wauwatosa, WI - 2019/07/17 GPS Survey Concentration of total and dissolved forms of phosphorus and nitrogen from the control and test catchment during the calibration and treatment phase in Madison, WI (2013 - 2015) DRAINMOD simulations for two agricultural drainage sites in western Fillmore County, southeastern Minnesota Selected sediment data and results from regression models, modified Einstein Procedure, and loads estimation for the Nemadji River, 1973-2016 Storm Characteristics, Concentrations, and Loads Measured at the Permeable Pavement Research Facility, Madison, Wisconsin (2014 - 2016) Historic Lake Superior shorelines near Odanah, Wisconsin (1852 - 2013) St. Louis River estuary (Minnesota-Wisconsin) EFDC hydrodynamic model for discharge and temperature simulations: 2016–17 GLM model data sets used to evaluate changes in the hydrodynamics of Anvil Lake, Wisconsin Avian Botulism qPCR data, Leelanau Peninsula, Michigan. Years 2011-2014 Ratios of strontium to calcium measured in pectoral fin rays of lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) captured in the lakes and rivers of Namakan Reservoir, Minnesota, United States and Ontario, Canada, 2007-15 Data on Factors Affecting Spatial and Temporal Variations of Annual Summer Median Water Yields in Southwestern Michigan, 1945-2015 Isolation of Methylmercury Using Distillation and Anion-Exchange Chromatography for Isotopic Analyses in Natural Matrices Data Release Geochemical data, water-level data, and slug test analysis results from till confining units and confined aquifers in glacial deposits near Akeley, Cromwell, Litchfield, and Olivia, Minnesota, 2015-2018 Groundwater arsenic data and ASCII grids for predicting elevated arsenic in northwestern and central Minnesota using boosted regression tree methods Regression models and associated data for describing variability of host specific bacteria fluxes in eight Great Lakes tributaries, 2011-2013 Microplastics in the surficial benthic sediment from Lake Michigan and Lake Erie, 2013 and 2014 The Vigil Network: long-term, broad spectrum data collected to observe landscape change in drainage basins Groundwater data, predictor variables, and rasters used for predicting the probability of high arsenic and high manganese in the Glacial Aquifer System, northern continental United States