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A Soil-Water-Balance (SWB) model was developed to estimate annual recharge and evapotranspiration (ET) for Fauquier County, Virginia, for the period 1996 through 2015. The model was developed as part of a study to assess groundwater availability in the fractured-rock aquifers underlying Fauquier County. The model is documented in the associated report, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Scientific Investigations Report 2019-5056. The model was calibrated by comparing annual base-flow estimates from the hydrograph separation technique PART to annual recharge estimates from the SWB model for available years of streamflow record at two sites (01643700 and 01656000) within the model area. Selected SWB model parameters were...
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This dataset is comprised of three files containing northing, easting, and elevation ("XYZ") information for light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data representing beach topography and sonar data representing near-shore bathymetry of Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, Minnesota. The point data is the same as that in LAS (industry-standard binary format for storing large point clouds) files that were used to create a digital elevation model (DEM) of the approximately 5.9 square kilometer (2.3 square mile) surveyed area. LiDAR data were collected August 10, 2019 using a boat-mounted Optech ILRIS scanner and methodology similar to that described by Huizinga and Wagner (2019). Multi-beam sonar data were collected...
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This dataset is a digital elevation model (DEM) of the beach topography of Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, Minnesota. The DEM has a 1-meter (m; 3.28084 foot [ft]) cell size and was created from a LAS (industry-standard binary format for storing large point clouds) dataset of terrestrial light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data with an average point spacing of 0.137 m (0.45 ft). LiDAR data were collected August 10, 2019 using a boat-mounted Optech ILRIS scanner and methodology similar to that described by Huizinga and Wagner (2019). References: Huizinga, R.J. and Wagner, D.M., 2019, Erosion monitoring along selected bank locations of the Coosa River in Alabama using terrestrial light detection and ranging...
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Lake Poinsett is a 260-hectare (640 acres) lake located on Crowley’s Ridge in northeastern Arkansas, approximately 6 km southeast of Harrisburg, Arkansas within Poinsett County. The lake was built for recreation by the Arkansas Highway Department in 1960 by constructing a roughly 800-meter dam across the southern boundary of the Distress Creek watershed. The dam is currently operated by the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission (AGFC). AGFC and Arkansas Natural Resources Commission (ANRC) plan to drain the lake to allow access for a series of bank stabilization and dam safety improvements. Because none of the original blueprints exist, AGFC asked the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to conduct a series of differential...
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These are the data sets in machine readable files from a quantitative dye tracer test conducted at Langle Spring November 13-December 2, 2017 as part of the USGS training class, GW2227 Advanced Field Methods in Karst Terrains, held at the Savoy Experimental Watershed, Savoy Arkansas. Langle Spring is NWIS site 71948218, latitude 36.11896886, longitude -94.34548871. One pound of RhodamineWT dye was injected into a sinking stream at latitude 36.116772 longitude -94.341883 NAD83 on November 13, 2017 at 22:50. The data sets include original fluorimeter data logger files from Langle and Copperhead Springs, Laboratory Sectra-fluorometer files from standards and grab samples, and processed input and output files from the...
Heavy rainfall occurred across Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi in March 2016 as a result of a slow-moving southward dip in the jetstream, funneling tropical moisture into parts of the Gulf Coastal States and the Mississippi River Valley. The storm caused major flooding in the north and southeastern parts of Louisiana and in eastern Texas. Flooding also occurred in the Mississippi River Valley in Arkansas and Mississippi. Over 26 inches of rain were reported near Monroe, Louisiana over the duration of the storm event. In March 2016, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) personnel made over 490 streamflow measurements at over 375 locations in Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi. Many of those streamflow...
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A bathymetric survey of Blue Mountain Lake, Arkansas, was conducted in May 2017 by the Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) using methodologies for sonar surveys similar to those described by Wilson and Richards (2006). Point data from the bathymetric survey were merged with point data from an aerial LiDAR survey conducted in December 2010 for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Little Rock District. From the combined point data, a terrain dataset (a type of triangulated irregular network, or TIN model) was created in Esri ArcGIS for the lakebed within the extent of pool elevation 420 feet above the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88). Products included...
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This dataset provides numerical and categorical descriptions of 48 basin characteristics for 956 basins with observed streamflow information and 9,314 ungaged basins coinciding with 12-digit hydrologic unit code (HUC12) pour points that drain to the Gulf of Mexico. Characteristics are indexed by National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) version 2 COMID (integer that uniquely identifies each feature in the NHD) and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) station number for streamflow-gaging station, where applicable. The variables represent mutable and immutable basin characteristics and are organized by characteristic type: physical (5), hydrologic (6), categorical (12), climate (6), landscape alteration (7), and land cover (12)....
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This data release contains aggregated data records documenting the implementation of USDA conservation practices on farms within the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The data are supplied as annual totals aggregated by county, and by eight digit hydrologic unit code (HUC-8) watershed. The initial data release covers 2007-2017, and updates are planned for December of each year. The data provided here, and the processes used to aggregate them, are thoroughly described in "Agricultural conservation practice implementation in the Chesapeake Bay watershed supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture" by Hively and others (2018) available at https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1102 Contents: Aggregated_Data_Records_Describing_USDA_Conservation_Practices_Implemented_Within_the_Chesapeake_Bay_Waters...
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The State of Louisiana experienced widespread flooding during the extreme rainfall events of March and August 2016. The City of Central, Louisiana, which lies above the confluence of the Amite and Comite Rivers, is bordered on the east and west, respectively, by these rivers. The city incurred extensive damage from both events, in particular the August 2016 flood in which the river basins received up to 30 inches of documented rainfall. Many streamgages in the area recorded peak-of-record flood levels from the event. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the City of Central, created a digital flood inundation map library to depict estimated areal extents and depth of flooding along 14.5 and 20.2...
Salinity and variability of salinity in shallow waters shape living resources and habitat within Gulf of Mexico estuaries. The salinity gradient is widely recognized as foundational in maintaining biological diversity and productivity of estuaries. A clear understanding of the factors controlling salinity and variability of salinity in estuarine surface waters is essential for proper stewardship and for sustaining ecological structure and function. Salinity data are collected by numerous Federal, State, and local agencies and universities as part of routine data collection programs. We used online databases to compile salinity data in Gulf of Mexico estuaries. The primary criteria for inclusion in the compilation...
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This dataset is a digital elevation model (DEM) of the beach topography and near-shore bathymetry of Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, Minnesota. The DEM has a 10-meter (m; 32.8084 feet) cell size and was created from a LAS (industry-standard binary format for storing large point clouds) dataset of terrestrial light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data representing the beach topography and sonar data representing the bathymetry to approximately 1.3 kilometers (0.8 miles) offshore. Average point spacing of the LAS files in the dataset are as follows: LiDAR, 0.137 m; multi-beam sonar, 1.029 m; single-beam sonar, 0.999 m. LiDAR data were collected August 10, 2019 using a boat-mounted Optech ILRIS scanner and...
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Human alteration of waterways has impacted the minimum and maximum streamflow in more than 86% of monitored streams nationally and may be the primary cause for ecological impairment in river and stream ecosystems. Restoration of freshwater inflows can positively affect shellfish, fisheries, habitat, and water quality in streams, rivers, and estuaries. Increasingly, state and local decision makers and Federal agencies are turning their attention to the restoration of flows as part of a holistic approach to restoring water quality and habitat and protecting and replenishing living coastal and marine resources and the livelihoods that depend on them. In 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Lower Mississippi-Gulf...
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A bathymetric survey of DeQueen Lake, Sevier County, Arkansas was conducted in July, 2015, by the Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) using methodologies for multi-beam sonar surveys similar to those described by Lee, K.G. (2013) and Huizinga (2016). Data from the bathymetric survey were merged with data from an aerial LiDAR survey conducted in March, 2008 for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Little Rock District and from the combined XYZ dataset, a digital terrain model (DTM) of the lakebed below flood pool elevation 474 feet above the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) was created. Products derived from the DTM include a digital elevation model (DEM) in...
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Data provided in this release support the findings in Choquette et al. (2019), utilizing methods for evaluating water-quality and daily-streamflow trends described also in Hirsch and DeCicco (2015 and 2018a) and Hirsch (2018). The trend results and model-input data focus on 10 locations in the Lake Erie watershed that have long-term (20 or more years) water-quality and streamflow monitoring records. The trend results include the years 1987 through 2016 or specified sub-periods during this time frame. The model-input data records spanned the time period 1974 through 2016 although record lengths varied by site, data type, and trend analysis. The water-quality records were provided by the National Center for Water...
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Groundwater is a vital resource in the Mississippi embayment of the central United States. An innovative approach using machine learning (ML) was employed to predict groundwater salinity—including specific conductance (SC), total dissolved solids (TDS), and chloride (Cl) concentrations—across three drinking-water aquifers of the Mississippi embayment. A ML approach was used because it accommodates a large and diverse set of explanatory variables, does not assume monotonic relations between predictors and response data, and results can be extrapolated to areas of the aquifer not sampled. These aspects of ML allowed potential drivers and sources of high salinity water that have been hypothesized in other studies to...
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Using previously published (Robinson and others, 2019) no-flow fractions and L-moments of nonzero streamflow from decadal streamflow flow-duration analysis (daily mean streamflow), probability distributions were fit to provide 27 estimated quantiles of decadal flow-duration curves, and hence the probability distributions are a form of parametric modeling that ensures monotonicity of the quantiles by non-exceedance probability (NEP). For both U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations (streamgages) and level-12 hydrologic unit code (HUC12) catchments, as defined by Crowley-Ornelas and others (2019), the 27 quantiles were estimated and tabulated in this data release. Three probability distributions were used...
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The Sparta aquifer is a primary source of groundwater in north-central Louisiana with more than 60 million gallons of water per day being withdrawn in 2015, and public supply and Industry account for over 90 percent of the water-use demand from the Sparta aquifer (Collier, 2018). Concentrated withdrawals from the Sparta aquifer have caused regional water-level declines within the Sparta aquifer (McGee and Brantly, 2015). Widespread concern about the potential effects of declining water levels has brought forth many questions regarding the sustainability of the aquifer as well as continued saltwater intrusion. In cooperation with the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development, the U.S. Geological Survey...
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This data release includes data-processing scripts, data products, and associated metadata for a study to model the hydrology of several hundred vernal pools (i.e., seasonal pools or ephemeral wetlands) across the northeastern United States. More information on this study is available from the project website. This data release consists of several components: (1) an input dataset and associated metadata document ("pool_inundation_observations_and_climate_and_landscape_data"); (2) an annotated R script which processes the input dataset, performs inundation modeling, and generates model predictions ("annotated_R_script_for_pool_inundation_modeling.R"); and (3) a model prediction dataset and associated metadata document...
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A simple water budget includes precipitation, streamflow, change in storage, evapotranspiration, and residuals: P=Q + ET + ΔS + e. It is essential to include the managed component (i.e., the “human” component) to close the water budget and reduce the magnitude of the residuals from “natural” water budgets. Some of the largest components of managed water withdraws are public supply, irrigation, and thermoelectric. The modified water budget is: P=Q + ET + ΔS + (PS + Irr + TE) + e, where PS is public supply, Irr is irrigation, and TE is thermoelectric water use. This data release contains both the natural and managed components of the water budget for a region within the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) River...


map background search result map search result map Bathymetry and Storage Capacity of DeQueen Lake, Sevier County, Arkansas, 2015. Bathymetry and Storage Capacity of Blue Mountain Lake, Arkansas. Digitized Maps of the Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in North-Central Louisiana, 1886 to 2012 (version 1.1, November 2020) Soil-Water-Balance (SWB) model data sets for Fauquier County, Virginia, 1996 - 2015 Nutrient and streamflow model-input data (1974-2016) and trend results (1987-2016) for selected Lake Erie tributaries Summary of basin characteristics for National Hydrography Dataset, version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 Flood Inundation Maps for the Amite and Comite Rivers from State Highway 64 to U.S. Highway 190 – City of Central, Louisiana Heuristically-determined geospatial boundary of streams and rivers draining to the Gulf of Mexico in the south-central and southeastern United States, July 2018 Aggregated Data Records Describing USDA Conservation Practices Implemented Within the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Geophysical Surveys at Lake Poinsett Dam, Poinsett County, Arkansas Natural and managed components of the water-budget from 2008–2012 for 43 HUC10s in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin, Georgia, U.S. Data sets for a quantitative dye tracer test conducted at the Savoy Experimental Watershed, November 13-December 2, 2017, Savoy, Arkansas Machine-learning model predictions and groundwater-quality rasters of specific conductance, total dissolved solids, and chloride in aquifers of the Mississippi embayment Beach topography and near-shore bathymetry of Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, MN, August 2019 Inundation observations and inundation model predictions for vernal pools of the northeastern United States Digital elevation model (DEM) of beach topography of Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, MN, August 2019 XYZ files of LiDAR and sonar data collected at Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, MN, August 2019 Distribution Models of Flow-Duration Quantiles for Streamgages Geophysical Surveys at Lake Poinsett Dam, Poinsett County, Arkansas Data sets for a quantitative dye tracer test conducted at the Savoy Experimental Watershed, November 13-December 2, 2017, Savoy, Arkansas Digital elevation model (DEM) of beach topography of Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, MN, August 2019 XYZ files of LiDAR and sonar data collected at Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, MN, August 2019 Beach topography and near-shore bathymetry of Lake Superior at Minnesota Point, Duluth, MN, August 2019 Flood Inundation Maps for the Amite and Comite Rivers from State Highway 64 to U.S. Highway 190 – City of Central, Louisiana Soil-Water-Balance (SWB) model data sets for Fauquier County, Virginia, 1996 - 2015 Natural and managed components of the water-budget from 2008–2012 for 43 HUC10s in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin, Georgia, U.S. Nutrient and streamflow model-input data (1974-2016) and trend results (1987-2016) for selected Lake Erie tributaries Aggregated Data Records Describing USDA Conservation Practices Implemented Within the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Digitized Maps of the Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in North-Central Louisiana, 1886 to 2012 (version 1.1, November 2020) Machine-learning model predictions and groundwater-quality rasters of specific conductance, total dissolved solids, and chloride in aquifers of the Mississippi embayment Inundation observations and inundation model predictions for vernal pools of the northeastern United States Distribution Models of Flow-Duration Quantiles for Streamgages Summary of basin characteristics for National Hydrography Dataset, version 2 catchments in the southeastern United States, 1950 - 2010 Heuristically-determined geospatial boundary of streams and rivers draining to the Gulf of Mexico in the south-central and southeastern United States, July 2018