Habitat Characterization and Distribution Surveys for Chucky Madtom (Noturus elegans) in Tributaries to Little Chucky Creek
The chucky madtom (Noturus crypticus) is a newly described species (Burr et al 2005) It is a candidate for federal listing and is known from only two streams in east Tennessee Dunn Creek in the French Broad River drainage and Little Chucky Creek in the Nolichucky River drainage. This QR project Final Report includes data collected under two separate contracts. The combined objectives were to: (1) conduct a survey for the chucky madtom in at least one reach of each tributary (contingent upon landowner permission), (2) survey Little Chucky Creek upstream of Rader, TN, (3) describe habitat at each tributary site sampled, and (4) transfer all chucky madtoms collected to CFI for propagation.
Effects of sediment toxicity from coal mining on endangered mussel populations in the Upper Tennessee and Cumberland river drainages
A draft report and supporting information was produced by this SSP project. A scoping and reconnaissance study was conducted by the US Geological Survey in cooperation with the US Fish and Wildlife Service and National Park Service. Sediment, surface water and pore water samples were collected at 21 sites in the Clinch, Powell and South Fork Cumberland River basins in 2004-05. Three coal ponds (one yard sump and two drying cells) were also sampled in 2005. Surficial streambed sediment ranged from 0 to 47.7 percent coal and was composed predominantly of sand and gravel. Sediment quality guidelines were periodically exceeded at several sites for arsenic, chromium, lead and 22 of 31 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons...
Augment and expand existing endangered and species of concern mussel populations in the upper Tennessee and Cumberland River systems, Tennessee
This SSP project produced a Final Report and two publications. Carey, C.S., J.W. Jones, R.S. Butler, E.M. Hallerman. 2015. Restoring the endangered oyster mussel (Epioblasma capsaeformis) to the upper Clinch River, Virginia: an evaluation of population restoration techniques. Restoration Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/rec.12195. From 2005 to 2011, the federally endangered freshwater mussel Epioblasma capsaeformis (oyster mussel) was reintroduced at three sites in the upper Clinch River, Virginia, using four release techniques. These release techniques were (1) translocation of adults (site 1, n=1418), (2) release of laboratory-propagated sub-adults (site 1, n=2851), (3) release of 8-week-old laboratory-propagated juveniles...
This SSP project resulted in a dissertation: Lethal and sub-lethal physiological effects of behavioral responses of endangered freshwater mussels to reductions in streamflow. Little is known about the behavioral responses and physiological effects of freshwater mussels to reductions in streamflow and their ecological significance, but movement behavior of animals is often an important adaptation for responding to changing environmental conditions. Mussels are primarily thought of as sessile organisms typically exhibiting little to no movement during their life span. To better understand this aspect of mussel ecology, flume, mesocosm, and in-situ field studies were conducted to determine behavioral responses to...
The goal of this QR project was to identify how mussels responded to reductions in stream discharge. The primary objective was to identify the movement strategy used in response to diminishing water levels for each species. Additionally, determine if these movement strategies are consistent within genera or closely related species.