Analysis of Downscaled Climate Simulations and Projections and Their Use in Decision Making for the Southwest
To understand potential climate change impacts on ecosystems, water resources, and numerous other natural and managed resources, climate change data and projections must be downscaled from coarse global climate models to much finer resolutions and more applicable formats. This project conducted comparative analyses to better understand the accuracy and properties of these downscaled climate simulations and climate-change projections. Interpretation, guidance and evaluation, including measures of uncertainties, strengths and weaknesses of the different methodologies for each simulation, can enable potential users with the necessary information to select and apply the models.
Understanding and Projecting Changes in Climate, Hydrology, and Ecology in the Great Basin for the Next 30 Years
This project links climate, hydrological, and ecological changes over the next 30 years in a Great Basin watershed. In recent years, climate variability on annual and decadal time scales has been recognized as greater than commonly perceived with increasing impacts on ecosystems and available water resources. Changes in vegetation distribution, composition and productivity resulting from climate change affect plant water use, which in turn can alter stream flow, groundwater and eventually available water resources. To better understand these links, project researchers implemented two computer-based numeric models in the Cleve Creek watershed in the Schell Creek Range, east of Ely, Nevada. The application of the...
Predict the Variability and Recent Changes in the Hydrologic Cycle to Natural and Human-Induced Climatic Influences
To better understand and predict variability and recent changes in the responses of rivers, groundwater, and water/living resources, mostly in the West, to natural and human-induced climatic influences.