Soil chemistry adjacent to roads treated with dust control products at Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge
The health of soils along roadways is critical for maximizing habitat quality and minimizing negative ecological effects of roads. Adjacent to unpaved roads, soil chemistry may be altered by the deposition of dust, as well as by road treatment with dust suppressants or soil stabilizer products. If present in roadside soils, these product residues may be available to plants, terrestrial invertebrates, or small mammals. Unfortunately, very few studies have attempted to track the transport of dust suppressants after application. As part of a larger ongoing study on the environmental effects of dust suppressant products on roadside plants and animals, we sampled roadside soils at Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge...
Pre-restoration vegetation data, Little Saint Francis River chat pile site, Missouri, USA, 2017 and 2018
This data set includes geospatial data and tables providing location, environmental, and vegetation data collected in 2017 and 2018 at the Little Saint Francis River chat pile restoration site, Fredericktown, Madison County, Missouri. Restoration actions are being implemeneted as part of the settlement for the Madison County Mines Superfund site to compensate the public for losses of natural resources and the services they provide as part of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District case. Data were collected prior to and during the early stages of restoration actions to restore bottomland forest habitat, reduce invasive plant species abundance, and improve upland...
Shapefile created by USGS. Channel transects were constructed to be used in evaluating channel widths and channel width variation. Transects were laid out at 0.1 mile intervals along the navigation channel thalweg. They extend perpendicular to thalweg and intersect the bankfull channel margin, delineated from low-altitude aerial orthophotos provided by the US Army Corps of Engineers, 11/1/2012 to 11/21/2012. The bankfull dimensions were digitized by hand. Each transect was additionally attributed with the USGS bend number, Pallid Sturgeon Population Assessment Program (PSPAP) segment number, and PSPAP bend number.
Reproductive strategy, spawning induction, spawning temperatures and early life history of captive sicklefin chub Macrhybopsis meeki-Data
Macrhybopsis reproduction and propagule traits were studied in the laboratory using two temperature regimes and three hormone treatments and which methods produced the most spawns. Only sicklefin chub (M. meeki) spawned successfully although sturgeon chub (M. gelida) released unfertilized eggs. All temperature and hormone treatments produced M. meeki spawns, but two treatments had similar success rates at 44 and 43%, consisting of a constant daily temperature with no hormone added, or daily temperature fluctuations with hormone added to the water. Spawns consisted of multiple successful demersal circular swimming spawning embraces interspersed with circular swims without embraces. The most spawns observed for one...
Chemical cues which include amino acids mediate species-specific feeding behavior in invasive filter-feeding bigheaded carps-Data
This data was generated from a study in which five experiments were conducted that tested whether and how dissolved chemicals might assist food recognition in two filter-feeding fishes, the silver (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and the bighead carp (H. nobilis). The buccal-pharngeal pumping (BPP), a behavior in which fish pump water into their buccal cavities, was observed in both silver and bighead carps after exposure to a a variety of food filtrates and mixtures. In addition, occlusion experiments to determine if the olfactory sense has a very important, but not exclusive, role in bigheaded carp feeding behaviors were conducted.
Shapefile created by USGS. This is a polygon created from Landsat TM imagery. All Landsat 4-5 TM images overlapping the Missouri River downstream from Gavins Point Dam were identified and examined for lack of clouds. Usable images were classified into sand, vegetation, and water. Classified images were then merged, and the number of times a given pixel was classified as either sand, vegetation, or water were computed. The presented dataset represents pixels which were classified as sand in greater than 5% of images which were collected during a growing season defined as julian day 116-296 (to preclude vegetated islands, which classify as sand outside of foliation), translated into polygons.
The data provide location and data quality information for ground control points (GCP) deployed at Palmyra Atoll for acquisition of imagery using small unoccupied aerial systems (sUAS) in October 2016. Thales ProMark 3 handheld geographic positioning systems (GPS) were used as both a local base station and to record locations of individual GCPs, with occupancy times of approximately 30 minutes per GCP. Location data for GCPs were post-processed against base station data using Mobile Mapper Office software to yield local position accuracy of approximately 0.1 m.
We measured ontogenetic changes in routine and maximum swimming speeds of bighead, grass, and silver carp larvae. Daily measurements of routine swimming speed were taken for two weeks post-hatch using a still camera and the LARVEL program, a custom image-analysis software. Larval swimming speed was calculated using larval locations in subsequent image frames and time between images. Using an endurance chamber, we determined the maximum swimming speed of larvae (post gas bladder inflation) for four to eight weeks post-hatch.
Orthoimagery and elevation data derived from UAS imagery for Palmyra Atoll, USA 2016 (ver. 1.1, November 2020)
Point clouds, high resolution digital surface models (DSM), and high resolution orthoimagery of Palmyra Atoll, USA, were generated from aerial 3-color and 5-band imagery collected October 2016 using Unoccupied Aerial Systems (UAS, or "drones"). Data were processed in sections corresponsing to flight areas using photogrammetry to generate three-dimensional point clouds (.las) by identifying pixels from multiple images representing the same object and calculating the x, y, and z coordinates of that object/pixel. Point clouds for each section were processed to create DSMs (.tif) representing the continuous surface of the uppermost reflective surface (i.e., data have not been filtered for vegetation classes or height)....
Acute and chronic toxicity of aluminum to a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea) and an amphipod (Hyallela azteca) in water-only exposures-Data
Data collected from acute 96-hour and chronic 28-day toxicity tests of Aluminum to a commonly tested unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea) and a commonly tested amphipod (Hyalella azteca) at a pH of 6 and water hardness of 100 mg/L as CaCO3.
High resolution aerial imagery of the Bluffton [Indiana] Native Habitat Waterway bottomland restoration site was used to generate 3D products and orthoimagery to document the condition of bottomland forest restorations planted between 2002 and 2009 and to complement field vegetation data collected in 2015 and 2016. Aerial images were collected on 07 September, 2016 using Unoccupied Aerial Systems (UAS, or "drones"). Data were processed using photogrammetry to generate a three dimensional point cloud that identifies pixels from multiple images representing the same object and calculates the x, y, and z coordinates of that object/pixel. The point cloud was processed to create a digital surface model of the site (6...
Microsomal EROD data of fish liver sample assay from species collected in the Salt and Gila Rivers, Arizona
This dataset includes microsomal EROD data from an assay done with liver samples from several fish species that are found in Arizona at sites that are being assessed for PBDE contamination. The data was created in September and October 2016.
We have adapted two commonly used human breast luciferase transactivation cell bioassays, the recently re-named estrogen agonist/antagonist screening VM7Luc4E2 cell bioassay (previously designated BG1Luc4E2) and the androgen/glucocorticoid screening MDA-kb2 cell bioassay, to 384-well formats for HTS of endocrine-active substances. This cost-saving adaptation includes a fast, accurate, and easy measurement of protein amount in each well via the fluorescamine assay (in the form of relative fluorescence units, RFU which are then converted to microgram protein using bovine serum albumin standards) with which to normalize luciferase activity (in the form of relative light units, RLU) of cell lysates without requiring...
The thermal regime and species composition of fish and invertebrates in Kelly Warm Spring, Grand Teton National Park, WY-Data
We evaluated the thermal regime and relative abundance of native and non-native fish and invertebrates within Kelly Warm Spring and Savage Ditch, Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. Water temperatures within the system remained relatively warm year round with mean temperatures less than 20 degrees Celsius near the source, and greater than 5 degress Celsius approximately 2 km downstream of the spring source. A total of 5 non-native species were collected; Convict/Zebra Cichlids (Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum), Green Swordtail (Xiphophorus hellerii), Tadpole Madtom (Noturus gyrinus), Guppies (Poecilia reticulate), and Goldfish (Carassius auratus). Non-native fish (Zebra Cichlids and Swordtails), red-rimmed melania snails...
Bends of the Lower Missouri River, attributed with geomorphic variables and classified by cluster analysis
Shapefile created by USGS. This is a channel polygon coverage with USGS-delineated bends, each attributed with rive mile (location along river), bend area, thalweg sinuosity, mean channel width, standard deviation of channel width, number of navigation structures per kilometer of channel, total length of navigation structures per kilometer of channel, area of persistent sand, and catch per unit effort of age-0 Scaphirhynchus sturgeon. Each bend is also attributed with statistically determined cluster assignment according to 3-, 4-, and 6-cluster k-means clustering.
Shapefile created by USGS by generating a centerline between the banks of the Lower Missouri River and identifying inflections in the centerline. Inflections were used to automatically define upstream and downstream limits of the bend. Lateral limits of bends were extended to encompass all of the high banks of the river. The centerline was identified using the river miles of the U.S.Army Corps of Engineers as defined in 1960.
Advances in drilling technique have facilitated a rapid increase in hydrocarbon extraction from energy shales, including the Williston Basin in central North America. This area overlaps with the Prairie Pothole Region and greater than 35% of wetlands are less than or equal to 1 km from a petroleum-related well. Legacy practices often released saline co-produced waters (brines) that were chloride rich wastes, affecting wetland water quality directly or persisting in sediments. Despite the potential threat of brine contamination to aquatic habitats, there has been little research into their ecological effects. We capitalized on a gradient of legacy brine-contaminated wetlands in northeast Montana to conduct laboratory...
Data in support of manuscript "Evaluation of chemical control for invasive crayfish at a warmwater fish production hatchery"
Invasive crayfish are known to displace native crayfish species, alter aquatic habitat and community structure and function, and are serious pests for fish hatcheries. White River Crawfish (WRC; Procambarus acutus) were inadvertently introduced to a warm-water fish hatchery in Missouri, USA, possibly in an incoming fish shipment. We evaluated the use of chemical control for crayfish to ensure incoming and outgoing fish shipments from hatcheries do not contain live crayfish. We conducted acute (less than or equal to 24 hr) static toxicity tests to determine potency, dose-response, and selectivity of pesticides to WRC, Virile Crayfish (VC; Orconectes virilis), and Fathead Minnow (FHM; Pimephales promelas). Data included...
Toxicity of Chromium (VI) to Two Mussels and an Amphipod in Water-Only Exposures With or Without a Co-stressor of Elevated Temperature, Zinc, or Nitrate-Data
The objectives of the present study were to develop methods for propagating western pearlshell (Margaritifera falcata) for laboratory toxicity testing and evaluate acute and chronic toxicity of chromium VI [Cr (VI)] to the pearlshell and a commonly tested mussel (fatmucket, Lampsilis siliquoidea at 20°C or in association with a co-stressor of elevated temperature (27°C), zinc (50 µg Zn/L), or nitrate (35 mg NO3/L). A commonly tested invertebrate (amphipod, Hyalella azteca) was also tested in chronic exposures.
A high resolution (3 cm) orthophoto of the Bluffton [Indiana] Native Habitat Waterway bottomland restoration site was generated to complement field vegetation data collected in 2015 and 2016. Aerial images were collected on 07 September, 2016 using Unoccupied Aerial Systems (UAS, or "drones"). Data were processed using photogrammetry to generate a three dimensional point cloud that identifies pixels from multiple images representing the same object and calculates the x, y, and z coordinates of that object/pixel. The point cloud was processed to create a digital surface model of the site (6 cm resolution). Finally, source images were stitched together based on shared pixels and orthoganally adjusted to the digital...