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This USGS Data Release represents the data used to develop multiple linear regression models for estimating the loads of total nitrogen in small streams. Recursive partitioning and random forest regression were used to assess 85 geospatial, environmental, and watershed variables across 636 small (less than 585 square kilometers) watersheds to determine which variables are fundamentally important to the estimation of annual loads of total nitrogen. These data support the following publication: Kronholm, S.C., Capel, P.D., and Terziotti, Silvia, 2016, Statistically extracted fundamental watershed variables for estimating the loads of total nitrogen in small streams: Environmental Modeling and Assessment, 10 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10666-016-9525-3.
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This inventory was originally created by Gorum and others (2014) describing the landslides triggered by a sequence of earthquakes, with the largest being the M 6.2 17 km N of Puerto Aisen, Chile earthquake that occurred on 21 April 2007 at 23:45:56 UTC. Care should be taken when comparing with other inventories because different authors use different mapping techniques. This inventory includes landslides triggered by a sequence of earthquakes rather than a single mainshock. Please check the author methods summary and the original data source for more information on these details and to confirm the viability of this inventory for your specific use. With the exception of the data from USGS sources, the inventory...
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This inventory was originally created by Xu and others (2014) describing the landslides triggered by the M 5.9 Gansu, China earthquake, also known as the Minxian - Zhangxian earthquake, that occurred on 21 July 2013 at 23:45:56 UTC. Care should be taken when comparing with other inventories because different authors use different mapping techniques. This inventory also could be associated with other earthquakes such as aftershocks or triggered events. Please check the author methods summary and the original data source for more information on these details and to confirm the viability of this inventory for your specific use. With the exception of the data from USGS sources, the inventory data and associated metadata...
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This inventory was originally created by the Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, El Salvador (2001) describing the landslides triggered by the M 7.7 San Miguel, El Salvador earthquake that occurred on 13 January 2001 at 17:33:32 UTC. Care should be taken when comparing with other inventories because different authors use different mapping techniques. This inventory also could be associated with other earthquakes such as aftershocks or triggered events. Please check the author methods summary and the original data source for more information on these details and to confirm the viability of this inventory for your specific use. With the exception of the data from USGS sources, the inventory data and...
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The mapped area boundary, flood inundation extents, and depth rasters were created to provide an estimated extent of flood inundation along the Greenbrier River within the community of Alderson, West Virginia. These geospatial data include the following items: 1. greenbrier_ald_bnd; shapefile containing the polygon showing the mapped area boundary for the Greenbrier River flood maps, 2. greenbrier_ald_hwm; shapefile containing high-water mark points, 3. polygon_greenbrier_ald_hwm; shapefile containing mapped extent of flood inundation, derived from the water-surface elevation surveyed at high-water marks, 4. depth_hwm; raster file for the flood depths derived from the water-surface elevation surveyed at high-water...
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Boiling River at Mammoth (YBOI), Yellowstone National Park Sample Collection: Samples were collected near the USGS stream gage 06190540 (Latitude 44°59'05.83", Longitude 110°41'18.20" NAD83). At the time of collection, all waters samples were filtered through a syringe filter (0.45-micrometer). Two splits of the filtered water were retained for chemical analyses, including an unacidified (FU) sample for determination of anion concentrations and a nitric acid preserved (FA; 1% volume-to-volume concentrated trace-metal grade nitric acid) sample for cation and trace metal analyses. During sample collection, the water temperature, specific conductance, and pH were often measured. Sample Analyses: Concentrations...
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Falls River near Squirrel, Idaho (YFAL) Sample Collection: Samples were collected near the USGS stream gage 13046995 (Latitude 44°03'43", Longitude 111°09'07" NAD83). At the time of collection, all waters samples were filtered through a syringe filter (0.45-micrometer). Two splits of the filtered water were retained for chemical analyses, including an unacidified (FU) sample for determination of anion concentrations and a nitric acid preserved (FA; 1% volume-to-volume concentrated trace-metal grade nitric acid) sample for cation and trace metal analyses. During sample collection, the water temperature, specific conductance, and pH were often measured. Sample Analyses: Concentrations of chloride, fluoride,...
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Following an explosion at the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig on April 20, 2010, MC252 an estimated 3.19 million barrels of oil leaked into the Northern Gulf of Mexico over 87 days. The endangered Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii [Lk]) has a long established record of using the area near the well as primary foraging grounds. Resulting short- and long-term negative impacts of the oil spill on sea turtles could induce changes in the health and fitness of the Lk population. MC252 oil is known to have entered the foraging areas. Consequently, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures from MC252 oil should be reflected in the food web and in the tissues of organisms such as sea turtles. We measured carbon...
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Defining the pre-European range of vegetation communities can enhance our understanding of the role soil, hydrology, and climate had on climax plant communities within southwest Louisiana. Coastal prairie grasslands were in a perpetual state of succession due to two primary disturbances; grazing, primarily by bison and other ungulates, and fires ignited by lightning and Native Americans. Along its borders, prairie vegetation blended into adjacent plant communities forming biologically diverse ecotones that may have fluctuated between a prairie, marsh, or forest dominated community as a result of variable conditions including climate cycles, disturbance and soil characteristics. Since European settlement, this landscape...
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This inventory was originally created by Basharat and others (2014) describing the landslides triggered by the M 7.6 Kashmir, Pakistan earthquake that occurred on 8 October 2005 at 03:50:40 UTC. Care should be taken when comparing with other inventories because different authors use different mapping techniques. This inventory also could be associated with other earthquakes such as aftershocks or triggered events. Please check the author methods summary and the original data source for more information on these details and to confirm the viability of this inventory for your specific use. With the exception of the data from USGS sources, the inventory data and associated metadata were not acquired by the U.S. Geological...
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This inventory was originally created by Harp and others (2016) describing the landslides triggered by the M 7.0 Haiti earthquake that occurred on 12 January 2010 at 21:53:10 UTC. Care should be taken when comparing with other inventories because different authors use different mapping techniques. This inventory also could be associated with other earthquakes such as aftershocks or triggered events. Please check the author methods summary and the original data source for more information on these details and to confirm the viability of this inventory for your specific use. With the exception of the data from USGS sources, the inventory data and associated metadata were not acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey...
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This inventory was originally created by Harp and others (1984) describing the landslides triggered by a sequence of earthquakes, with the largest being the M 6.5 Mammoth Lakes, California earthquake that occurred on 25 May 1980 at 19:44:50 UTC. Care should be taken when comparing with other inventories because different authors use different mapping techniques. This inventory includes landslides triggered by a sequence of earthquakes rather than a single mainshock. Please check the author methods summary and the original data source for more information on these details and to confirm the viability of this inventory for your specific use. With the exception of the data from USGS sources, the inventory data and...
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These data are supplementary to the journal article Bassiouni, M., Scholl, M.A., Torres-Sanchez, A.J., Murphy, S.F., 2017, A Method for Quantifying Cloud Immersion in a Tropical Mountain Forest Using Time-Lapse Photography, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.04.010. The data set includes cloud immersion frequency, mean temperature, relative humidity and dew point depression values for five sites, representing Figures 7a and 7b in the article, and values used to calculate the averages shown in Table 2. The results cover the time period from March 2014 to May 2016. A list of validation image filenames with their classifications and the set of 7360 validation images for...
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Yellowstone River at Corwin Springs, MT (YYCR) Sample Collection: Samples were collected near the USGS stream gage 06191500 (Latitude 45°06'43.63", Longitude 110°47'37.20" NAD83). At the time of collection, all waters samples were filtered through a syringe filter (0.45-micrometer). Two splits of the filtered water were retained for chemical analyses, including an unacidified (FU) sample for determination of anion concentrations and a nitric acid preserved (FA; 1% volume-to-volume concentrated trace-metal grade nitric acid) sample for cation and trace metal analyses. During sample collection, the water temperature, specific conductance, and pH were often measured. Sample Analyses: Concentrations of chloride,...
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Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
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Direct and indirect ecological effects of the widely used insecticide bifenthrin on stream ecosystems are largely unknown. To investigate such effects, a manipulative experiment was conducted in stream mesocosms that were colonized by aquatic insect communities and exposed to bifenthrin-contaminated sediment; implications for natural streams were interpreted through comparison of mesocosm results to a survey of 100 Midwestern streams, USA. In the mesocosm experiment, direct effects of bifenthrin exposure included reduced larval macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, and biomass at concentrations (EC50s ranged 197.6 – 233.5 ng bifenthrin/ g organic carbon) previously thought safe for aquatic life. Indirect effects...
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This dataset describes the storm event mean concentrations and loads of total and dissolved forms of phosphorus and nitrogen from paired samples collected in the control and test catchment during the calibration and treatment phase of a leaf removal study in Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Samples were collected in spring 2013 through fall 2015 and are parsed by season where spring represents April – May, summer represents June – September and fall represents October – November. Measured weather parameters for each sampled storm event are also described. These data are interpreted in a journal article published in Science of the Total Environment.
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This dataset contains daily estimates of erosion for select time windows at four sites along the back barrier margin of Cumberland Island National Seashore (CUIS). The four locations selected for instrumentation are referenced by the name of the general area where they were located and are as follows: Brickhill Bluff (bb), Dungeness Wharf (dw), Plum Orchard (po), and Racoon Key (rk). Additionally, this dataset provides offsets that were used to correct the photo-electric erosion pin (PEEP) erosion values to those measured in the field. Using the offsets and magnitude of erosion between site visits, a running cumulative sum of erosion is also provided.
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This data file represents a compilation of existing water-quality data associated with abandoned underground-coal-mine aquifers in West Virginia. The first two lines of this file should be used for header information. Its intended use is as a reconnaissance tool for the purpose of directing future studies focusing on underground mine-pools. Data incorporated into this spreadsheet were obtained from multiple sources including government and academic institutions. Water-quality samples were collected from July 13, 1973 through September 7, 2016 by independent studies using multiple methods. This project identified spatially extensive data that could be attributed to abandoned underground-coal-mine aquifers throughout...
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The analyses of landscape change presented in this dataset use Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM), Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) and Operational Land Imager (OLI) to assess changes in land area through time. All cloud-free dates of imagery from 1984 through early 2016 were used in this analysis. This amounted to a total of 174 dates of imagery which were analyzed. No water level restrictions were used during the image selection process as gages with a period of record sufficient for this analysis are not available nearby. Persistent loss and gain data are presented for 1984-2016.


map background search result map search result map Photoelectric erosion pin (PEEP) data from Cumberland Island National Seashore (CUIS), May 2012 - May 2013 Concentration of total and dissolved forms of phosphorus and nitrogen from the control and test catchment during the calibration and treatment phase in Madison, WI (2013 - 2015) Data on annual total nitrogen loads and watershed characteristics used to develop a method to estimate the total nitrogen loads in small streams Aqueous Phases of Bifenthrin in Mesocosms Characteristics of Spikes Delivered to Mesocosms Harp and others (2016) Gorum and others (2014) Basharat and others (2014) Harp and others (1984) Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, El Salvador (2001) Mississippi barrier island land area change 1984-2016 Kemp's ridley sea turtle forage location centroids in the northern Gulf of Mexico, 2010, 2011 and 2012 Yellowstone River at Corwin Springs, MT (YYCR) Falls River near Squirrel, ID (YFAL) Boiling River at Mammoth (YBOI) Supplementary Data for Method for Quantifying Cloud Immersion in a Tropical Mountain Forest Using Time-Lapse Photography Xu and others (2014) Groundwater-Quality Sample Data for Abandoned Underground Coal Mine Aquifers in West Virginia, 1973 through 2016 Greenbrier River at Alderson, West Virginia, Flood Map Files from June 2016 Soil, Geomorphology and Pre-European Settlement Vegetation Associations of Southwest Louisiana Concentration of total and dissolved forms of phosphorus and nitrogen from the control and test catchment during the calibration and treatment phase in Madison, WI (2013 - 2015) Greenbrier River at Alderson, West Virginia, Flood Map Files from June 2016 Photoelectric erosion pin (PEEP) data from Cumberland Island National Seashore (CUIS), May 2012 - May 2013 Xu and others (2014) Supplementary Data for Method for Quantifying Cloud Immersion in a Tropical Mountain Forest Using Time-Lapse Photography Harp and others (1984) Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, El Salvador (2001) Soil, Geomorphology and Pre-European Settlement Vegetation Associations of Southwest Louisiana Kemp's ridley sea turtle forage location centroids in the northern Gulf of Mexico, 2010, 2011 and 2012 Groundwater-Quality Sample Data for Abandoned Underground Coal Mine Aquifers in West Virginia, 1973 through 2016 Aqueous Phases of Bifenthrin in Mesocosms Characteristics of Spikes Delivered to Mesocosms Data on annual total nitrogen loads and watershed characteristics used to develop a method to estimate the total nitrogen loads in small streams