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Abstract (from Fisheries Magazine): Ecosystem transformation can be defined as the emergence of a self‐organizing, self‐sustaining, ecological or social–ecological system that deviates from prior ecosystem structure and function. These transformations are occurring across the globe; consequently, a static view of ecosystem processes is likely no longer sufficient for managing fish, wildlife, and other species. We present a framework that encompasses three strategies for fish and wildlife managers dealing with ecosystems vulnerable to transformation. Specifically, managers can resist change and strive to maintain existing ecosystem composition, structure, and function; accept transformation when it is not feasible...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation
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Federal land managers need an adaptive management framework to accommodate changing conditions and that allows them to effectively link the appropriate science to natural resource management decision-making across jurisdictional boundaries. FRAME-SIMPPLLE is a collaborative modeling process designed to accomplish this goal by coupling the adaptive capabilities of the SIMPPLLE modeling system with accepted principles of collaboration. The two essential components of the process are FRAME (Framing Research in support of the Adaptive Management of Ecosystems), which creates a collaborative problem-solving environment, and SIMPPLLE (SIMulating Patterns and Processes at Landscape Scales), which is a vegetation dynamics...
USGS and NPS biologists used distance sampling to estimate abundance of hoary marmots (Marmota caligata) in North Cascades National Park, Washington, USA during 2007-2008 and 2016-2017. Biologists resurveyed hoary marmots in 2016 and 2017 at 78 point-count stations across 19 sites surveyed by NPS in 2007-2008. Data include marmot detection distances and survey conditions used to estimate abundances at each site in each year. Data also include estimated marmot abundances and covariates used to evaluate effects of weather, snowpack, and vegetative phenology and productivity on marmot abundances. Marmots are classified as adult, subadult, or juvenile for observations in which age was evident.
Abstract (from Conservation Biology): Adaptive capacity (AC)—the ability of a species to cope with or accommodate climate change—is a critical determinant of species vulnerability. Using information on species’ AC in conservation planning is key to ensuring successful outcomes. We identified connections between a list of species’ attributes (e.g., traits, population metrics, and behaviors) that were recently proposed for assessing species’ AC and management actions that may enhance AC for species at risk of extinction. Management actions were identified based on evidence from the literature, a review of actions used in other climate adaptation guidance, and our collective experience in diverse fields of global-change...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation
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The purpose of the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GNLCC) Science Plan is to provide a framework and explain the process for identifying science priorities in the context of landscape conservation which drives annual workplans. The GNLCC Science Plan builds off the Governance Charter and Strategic Conservation Framework (Chambers et al. 2013) to achieve landscape goals through an adaptive management approach. The GNLCC Science Plan describes: ● ecological relationships among conservation targets, threats, and actions as they relate to overall goals and vision ● a process for setting desired condition and quantifiable objectives for conservation targets and their use as a metric for progress ●...
Abstract (from Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment): Assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change serves as the basis for climate-adaptation planning and climate-smart conservation, and typically involves an evaluation of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity (AC). AC is a species’ ability to cope with or adjust to changing climatic conditions, and is the least understood and most inconsistently applied of these three factors. We propose an attribute-based framework for evaluating the AC of species, identifying two general classes of adaptive responses: “persist in place” and “shift in space”. Persist-in-place attributes enable species to survive in situ, whereas the shift-in-space response...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation
Abstract (from Evolutionary Applications): There is an imperative for conservation practitioners to help biodiversity adapt to accelerating environmental change. Evolutionary biologists are well-positioned to inform the development of evidence-based management strategies that support the adaptive capacity of species and ecosystems. Conservation practitioners increasingly accept that management practices must accommodate rapid environmental change, but harbor concerns about how to apply recommended changes to their management contexts. Given the interest from both conservation practitioners and evolutionary biologists in adjusting management practices, we believe there is opportunity to accelerate the required changes...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation
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Many aspects of recurring plant developmental events – vegetation phenology – are measured by remote sensing. By consistently measuring the timing and magnitude of the growing season, it is possible to study the complex relationships among drivers of the seasonal cycle of vegetation, including legacy conditions. We studied the role of current and legacy climate, and contextual factors on the land surface phenology of the U.S. Northern Great Plains. Specifically, we used annual and seasonal climate variables (e.g., temperature, precipitation, growing degree days, and vapor pressure deficit) covering the current year and the past four years derived from the PRISM climate dataset. We also included soils, disturbance,...
Abstract (from http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/12-2174.1): Recent research on mountain-dwelling species has illustrated changes in species' distributional patterns in response to climate change. Abundance of a species will likely provide an earlier warning indicator of change than will occupancy, yet relationships between abundance and climatic factors have received less attention. We tested whether predictors of counts of American pikas ( Ochotona princeps ) during surveys from the Great Basin region in 1994 - 1999 and 2003 - 2008 differed between the two periods. Additionally, we tested whether various modeled aspects of ecohydrology better predicted relative density than did average annual precipitation,...
Abstract (from Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment): Ecosystem transformation involves the emergence of persistent ecological or social–ecological systems that diverge, dramatically and irreversibly, from prior ecosystem structure and function. Such transformations are occurring at increasing rates across the planet in response to changes in climate, land use, and other factors. Consequently, a dynamic view of ecosystem processes that accommodates rapid, irreversible change will be critical for effectively conserving fish, wildlife, and other natural resources, and maintaining ecosystem services. However, managing ecosystems toward states with novel structure and function is an inherently unpredictable and...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation
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USGS researchers surveyed talus patches across the western USA, in conjunction with numerous partners during 2012-2015, inclusive. Data are locations at which American pikas were detected, via either vocalizations (C), fresh haypile (HP), or sighting (S).
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Climate affects both the demographics of the Greater sage-grouse bird and the condition and long-term viability of their habitats, including sage-steppe communities. This project builds on collaboration among federal land managers, state wildlife biologists, scientists, and other organizations to create a long-term framework for implementing adaptive management for the sage-grouse. The study examined factors that might be limiting grouse numbers and will investigate components of weather patterns in relation to projected climate change models. Precipitation and temperature, as well as variables such as evaporation and soil moisture, will be considered. Overall, the project focused on (1) providing workshops to foster...
Abstract (from BioScience): Intensifying global change is propelling many ecosystems toward irreversible transformations. Natural resource managers face the complex task of conserving these important resources under unprecedented conditions and expanding uncertainty. As once familiar ecological conditions disappear, traditional management approaches that assume the future will reflect the past are becoming increasingly untenable. In the present article, we place adaptive management within the resist–accept–direct (RAD) framework to assist informed risk taking for transforming ecosystems. This approach empowers managers to use familiar techniques associated with adaptive management in the unfamiliar territory of...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation
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Different species have different ways of coping with changing climate conditions. Some species may move to more-favorable habitats, others may change their behavior (such as by shifting their diets), and still others may change the timing of life-cycle events (such as migration). The ability of a species to accommodate changing conditions is known as its “adaptive capacity”. Understanding the adaptive capacity of different species is a critical component of identifying which species are most vulnerable to climate change, and can ultimately inform the prioritization of conservation efforts. The goal of this project is to create a framework providing natural resource managers with a means of assessing the ability...


    map background search result map search result map Using a Collaborative Modeling Approach to Explore Climate and Landscape Change in the Northern Rockies and Inform Adaptive Management Integrating Climate and Biological Data into Management Decisions for the Greater Sage-­Grouse and their Habitats Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative Science Plan, 2015-2019 Adaptive Capacity: The Linchpin for Understanding and Addressing Species Vulnerability to Climate Change Impacts Pika presences in the western USA, 2012-2015 Hoary Marmot Abundance in North Cascades National Park 2007-2008 and 2016-2017 Model performance and output variables for phenological events across land cover types in the Northwestern Plains, 1989-2014 Hoary Marmot Abundance in North Cascades National Park 2007-2008 and 2016-2017 Integrating Climate and Biological Data into Management Decisions for the Greater Sage-­Grouse and their Habitats Model performance and output variables for phenological events across land cover types in the Northwestern Plains, 1989-2014 Using a Collaborative Modeling Approach to Explore Climate and Landscape Change in the Northern Rockies and Inform Adaptive Management Pika presences in the western USA, 2012-2015 Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative Science Plan, 2015-2019 Adaptive Capacity: The Linchpin for Understanding and Addressing Species Vulnerability to Climate Change Impacts