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Abstract (from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1752-1688.12304/abstract): The hydrologic response to statistically downscaled general circulation model simulations of daily surface climate and land cover through 2099 was assessed for the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin located in the southeastern United States. Projections of climate, urbanization, vegetation, and surface-depression storage capacity were used as inputs to the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System to simulate projected impacts on hydrologic response. Surface runoff substantially increased when land cover change was applied. However, once the surface depression storage was added to mitigate the land cover change and increases...
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The hydrologic response units (HRUs) available here were used in the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) of southern Guam documented by Rosa and Hay (2017). A Geographic Information System (GIS) file for the HRUs is provided as a shapefile with attributes ParentHRU, Region, and RegionHRU identifying the numbering convention used in the PRMS_2016 southern Guam model parameter files and Rosa and Hay (2017) report. Hydrologic response units (HRUs) were delineating using the processing steps outlined in Viger and Leavesley (2007) and a 5-meter digital elevation model (DEM) derived by Johnson (2012) using the Joint Airborne LIDAR Bathymetry Technical Center of Expertise topobathy data (National Oceanic and Atmospheric...
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The southeastern United States was modeled to produce 59 simulations of historical and potential future streamflow using the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) as part of the study documented in LaFontaine and others (2019). One simulation used historical observations of climate, 13 used historical climate simulations using statistically downscaled general circulation model (GCM) output from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5), and 45 used potential future climate simulations using statistically downscaled CMIP5 GCMs for four representative concentration pathways. Historical simulations with observations are for the period 1952-2010, historical simulations with the GCMs are for the period...
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There has been increasing attention placed on the need for water availability information at ungauged locations, particularly related to balancing human and ecological needs for water. Critical to assessing water availability is the necessity for daily streamflow time series; however, most of the rivers in the United States are ungauged. This proposal leverages over $1M currently allocated to the USGS National Water Census Program towards developing an integrated modeling approach to estimate daily streamflow at ungauged locations, with the ultimate goal of providing daily streamflow estimates at 160,000 ungauged catchments across the United States. By assembling a diverse and prolific group of international scientists,...
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The Southeastern U.S. spans broad ranges of physiographic settings and contains a wide variety of aquatic systems that provide habitat for hundreds of endemic aquatic species that pose interesting challenges and opportunities for managers of aquatic resources, particularly in the face of climate change. For example, the Southeast contains the southernmost populations of the eastern brook trout and other cold-water dependent species. Climate change is predicted to increase temperatures in the South and is likely to have a substantial effect on extant populations of cold-water biota. Thus, aquatic managers are tasked with developing strategies for preserving cold-water dependent biota, such as eastern brook trout,...
The overall objective of the MoWS research group is to gain better understanding of the precipitation-runoff processes and use this knowledge to develop improved hydrologic models. The main research topics include: 1) Add functionality and improvements to the MoWS simulation models being developed and integrate with other hydrologic, hydraulic, and climate models. 2) Enhance the models to use the best and latest topographic, climate, geologic, and land-use data sets as direct input to process algorithms to increase the physical nature and temporal and spatial resolution of model input. 3) Develop national model structure and calibration strategy for national model application.
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A monthly water balance model (MWBM) was driven with precipitation and temperature using a station-based dataset for current conditions (1949 to 2010) and selected statistically-downscaled general circulation models (GCMs) for current and future conditions (1950 to 2099) across the conterminous United States (CONUS) using hydrologic response units from the Geospatial Fabric for National Hydrologic Modeling (Viger and Bock, 2014). Six MWBM output variables (actual evapotranspiration (AET), potential evapotranspiration (PET), runoff (RO), streamflow (STRM), soil moisture storage (SOIL), and snow water equivalent (SWE)) and the two MWBM input variables (atmospheric temperature (TAVE) and precipitation (PPT)) were summarized...
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This project brought together a team of researchers from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and universities to develop a comprehensive web-based dataset of high-resolution (or ‘downscaled’) climate change projections, to enable scientists and decision-makers to better assess climate related ecosystem impacts. Currently, scientists and resource managers often find it difficult to use downscaled climate projections because of the multiple methodologies used to produce them and the time-consuming process required to obtain model output. In response, the research team implemented a three-part plan to provide high resolution climate data for the impact modeling community. First, a database was developed of up-to-date...
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A hydrologic model was developed as part of the Southeast Regional Assessment Project using the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS), a deterministic, distributed-parameter, process-based system that simulates the effects of precipitation, temperature, and land use on basin hydrology. Streamflow and other components of the hydrologic cycle simulated by PRMS were used to inform other types of simulations such as water-temperature, hydrodynamic, and ecosystem-dynamics simulations.
Citation: Lauren E. Hay, Jacob LaFontaine, and Steven L. Markstrom, 2014: Evaluation of Statistically Downscaled GCM Output as Input for Hydrological and Stream Temperature Simulation in the Apalachicola–Chattahoochee–Flint River Basin (1961–99). Earth Interact., 18, 1–32. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2013EI000554.1 Abstract: The accuracy of statistically downscaled general circulation model (GCM) simulations of daily surface climate for historical conditions (1961–99) and the implications when they are used to drive hydrologic and stream temperature models were assessed for the Apalachicola–Chattahoochee–Flint River basin (ACFB). The ACFB is a 50 000 km2 basin located in the southeastern United States. Three...
Tags: Publications
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This data release contains inputs and outputs needed to reproduce the findings for the publication: Rosa, S.N., and Hay, L.E., 2017, Fena Valley Reservoir watershed and water-balance model updates and expansion of watershed modeling to Southern Guam: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017-5093, 64 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175093. Data are provided in several files: 1) the PRMS_2016 folder contains the input files needed to run each of the modeled regions in southern Guam, the calibration data files, and a README_PRMS_2016.txt document that describes the contents of this archive and the execution of the model batch files; 2) the FVR_2016 folder contains the input files needed to run...
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These data can be used to replicate the application of MWBMglacier as described in two journal articles: 1) Enhancement of a parsimonious water balance model to simulate surface hydrology in a glacierized watershed (in review), and 2) Hydrologic regime changes in a high-latitude glacierized watershed under future climate conditions (doi:10.3390/w10020128). These simulations provide results from historical and 12 future general circulation model scenarios for the period 1949-2099 to determine the potential effects of climate change on the hydrology and water quality of a snow-dominated mountainous environment. In addition to the inputs and outputs, this Data Release includes summaries of the input and output data...
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This project will assess the accuracy of climate drivers (precipitation and temperature) from different sources for current and future conditions. The impact of these drivers on hydrologic response will be using the monthly water balance model (MWBM). The methodology for processing and analysis of these datasets will be automated for when new climate datasets become available on the USGS Geo Data Portal ( http://cida.usgs.gov/climate/gdp/). This will ensure continued relevancy of project results, future opportunities for research and assessment of potential climate change impacts on hydrologic resources, and comparison between generations of climate data. To share and distribute the results with scientists and...
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The stream segments available here were used in the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) of southern Guam documented by Rosa and Hay (2017). A Geographic Information System (GIS) file for the stream segments is provided as a shapefile with attributes ParentSeg, Region, and RegionSeg identifying the numbering convention used in the PRMS_2016 southern Guam model parameter files and Rosa and Hay (in press) report. Stream segments were derived using the processing steps outlined in Viger and Leavesley (2007) describing drainage network processing and a 5-meter digital elevation map (DEM) derived by Johnson (2012) using the Joint Airborne LIDAR Bathymetry Technical Center of Expertise topobathy data (National...
Modeling of watershed response to normal and extreme climatic conditions or to changes in the physical conditions of a watershed requires the simulation of a variety of complex hydrologic processes and process interactions. Some of these processes are well understood at a point or for a small area; others are poorly understood at all scales. Increasing spatial and temporal variability in climate and watershed characteristics with an increase in watershed area adds significantly to the degree of difficulty in investigating and understanding these processes. Research is needed to better define these processes and to develop techniques to simulate these processes and their interactions at all watershed scales. Project...
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The hydrologic response units (HRUs) and stream segments available here are for an application of the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) in the southeastern United States by LaFontaine and others (2019). Geographic Information System (GIS) files for the HRUs and stream segments are provided as shapefiles with attribute hru_id_1 identifying the HRU numbering convention used in the PRMS model and seg_id_gcp identifying the stream segment numbering convention used in the PRMS model. This GIS files represent the watershed area for an approximately 1.16 million square kilometer area of the southeastern United States. A total of 20,251 HRUs and 10,742 stream segments are used in this modeling application. LaFontaine,...
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The PRMS_2016 folder contains the input files needed to run each of the modeled regions in southern Guam, the calibration data files, and a README_PRMS_2016.txt document that describes the contents of this archive and the execution of the model batch files.
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Spatial data used in the study "Characterization and Evaluation of Controls on Post-Fire Streamflow Response Across Western U.S. Watersheds".
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This dataset consists of time series and evaluation metrics (in comma-separated value format [.csv]) which are described in the Bock and others (2018) Advances in Water Resources research article “Quantifying uncertainty in simulated streamflow and runoff from a continental-scale monthly water balance model.” In this paper, uncertainty was quantified in simulated monthly runoff produced by a monthly water balance model for gaged and ungaged locations across the conterminous United States. The compressed folder UI_byGage.zip contains two files. The file UI_byGage.csv contains the monthly time-step uncertainty intervals and measured and simulated time series of streamflow developed at 1,575 streamgages across the...


map background search result map search result map Development of the Geo Data Portal to Make Climate Projections and Scientific Data More Accessible to Users USGS-USFS Partnership to Help Managers Evaluate Conservation Strategies for Aquatic Ecosystems based on Future Climate Projections SERAP:  Modeling of Hydrologic Systems Monthly Water Balance Model Futures Supporting data for Fena Valley Reservoir watershed and water-balance model, southern Guam Precipitation Runoff Modeling System Input Data for Hydrologic Simulations of the Southeastern United States for Historical and Future Conditions GIS Features Used With the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System for Hydrologic Simulations of the Southeastern United States Southern Guam watershed model, PRMS_2016 Stream Segments for the southern Guam watershed model, PRMS_2016 Hydrologic Response Units (HRUs) for the Southern Guam watershed model, PRMS_2016 Post-Fire Streamflow Spatial data for Western US Watersheds Supporting data for two MWBMglacier applications to the Copper River basin in Alaska Uncertainty Intervals and Evaluation Metrics for Simulated Streamflow and Runoff from a Continental-Scale Monthly Water Balance Model Stream Segments for the southern Guam watershed model, PRMS_2016 Hydrologic Response Units (HRUs) for the Southern Guam watershed model, PRMS_2016 Supporting data for Fena Valley Reservoir watershed and water-balance model, southern Guam Southern Guam watershed model, PRMS_2016 SERAP:  Modeling of Hydrologic Systems Supporting data for two MWBMglacier applications to the Copper River basin in Alaska USGS-USFS Partnership to Help Managers Evaluate Conservation Strategies for Aquatic Ecosystems based on Future Climate Projections Precipitation Runoff Modeling System Input Data for Hydrologic Simulations of the Southeastern United States for Historical and Future Conditions GIS Features Used With the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System for Hydrologic Simulations of the Southeastern United States Development of the Geo Data Portal to Make Climate Projections and Scientific Data More Accessible to Users Post-Fire Streamflow Spatial data for Western US Watersheds Uncertainty Intervals and Evaluation Metrics for Simulated Streamflow and Runoff from a Continental-Scale Monthly Water Balance Model Monthly Water Balance Model Futures