The vertical avoidance behavior of the tadpole madtom (Noturus gyrinus) exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations of the granular formulation of the lampricide Bayluscide® was evaluated. The lampricide formulation (3.2 percent active ingredient coated on a sand granule) is used to control larval sea lamprey populations in the Great Lakes. The tadpole madtom was chosen as a surrogate to the federally endangered northern madtom (Noturus stigmosus) based on similar life history characteristics and habitat requirements. Vertical avoidance of tadpole madtoms in response to the granular formulation was documented in clear Plexiglas columns (107 centimeters in height, 30.5 centimeters in diameter) for 1 hour after chemical application. Each avoidance trial produced data consisting of the number of tadpole madtoms avoiding the chemical at a given time. Based on the overall data, tadpole madtoms in treated columns were 11.7 times more likely to display avoidance compared to those in untreated controls. Results indicate that it is likely that northern madtoms will be able to detect and avoid Bayluscide® from granular applications if their response is similar to that of the tadpole madtom.
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|tableOfContents||<ul><li>Introduction</li><li>Methods</li><li>Results and Discussion</li><li>Acknowledgments</li><li>References Cited</li></ul>|