Skip to main content

Hakalau Forest NWR litterfall biomass and nutrient data

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
2015-12-01
End Date
2016-12-01

Citation

Yelenik, S.G. and Rehm, E.M., 2020, Hakalau Forest NWR plant, soil, litter, and decomposition data 2015-2019: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9XY3LLI.

Summary

This data release includes data and metadata on litterfall rates of the two dominant canopy trees (Metrosideros polymorpha and Acacia koa) in a restoration forest in Hawaii. All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. Broadly, this study looked at the ability to alter soil nitrogen cycling, exotic grass biomass and native outplant survival with large quantities of Metrosideros polymorpha litter in a forest dominated by Acacia koa.

Contacts

Attached Files

Click on title to download individual files attached to this item.

Passive litterfall.csv 37.16 KB text/csv

Purpose

Tree species can have large effects on soil nutrients in ways that alter succession, especially in the case of nitrogen (N) fixing trees, and it is not clear whether it is possible to reverse high soil N via management. In Hawaiʻi, forest restoration relies heavily on use of a native N-fixing tree, Acacia koa (koa), but this species increases soil available N and facilitates exotic pasture grasses. In contrast, Metrosideros polymorpha (‘ōhi‘a), the dominant native tree over most of the Hawaiian Islands, is rarely planted because it is slow growing yet it is associated with lower soil N and grass biomass, and greater native understory recruitment. We asked whether it is possible to reverse high soil N under koa by adding ‘ōhi‘a litter, and whether litter amendments could alter grass biomass and native understory survival. We initiated a grass removal/litter addition experiment adding 4 times the natural litterfall rate, and outplanted understory species into these same plots. As a part of this, we needed to understand baseline litterfall rates in order to put our litter additions in context.

Item Actions

View Item as ...

Save Item as ...

View Item...