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Hakalau Forest NWR plant, soil, litter, and decomposition data 2015-2019

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
2015-01-01
End Date
2019-08-31

Citation

Yelenik, S.G. and Rehm, E.M., 2020, Hakalau Forest NWR plant, soil, litter, and decomposition data 2015-2019: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9XY3LLI.

Summary

This data release includes data and metadata on litterfall rates, foliar nitrogen and carbon, grass biomass, soil nitrogen and carbon, and native outplant survival rates for an experiment that added large quantities of woody litter to a restoration forest in an attempt to lower soil nitrogen and exotic grass biomass. All sites were within Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge on Hawaii Island. Broadly, this study looked at the ability to alter soil nitrogen cycling, exotic grass biomass and native outplant survival with large quantities of Metrosideros polymorpha litter in a forest dominated by Acacia koa.

Child Items (6)

Contacts

Point of Contact :
Stephanie G Yelenik
Originator :
Stephanie G Yelenik, Evan M. Rehm
Metadata Contact :
Stephanie G Yelenik
Publisher :
GS ScienceBase
Distributor :
U.S. Geological Survey - ScienceBase
SDC Data Owner :
Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center
USGS Mission Area :
Ecosystems

Attached Files

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WoodySeedlingsBeingPlanted_IMG_2743.JPG
“Native woody seedlings being planted under Acacia Koa trees (Photo: S. Yelenik).”
thumbnail 3.15 MB

Purpose

Tree species can have large effects on soil nutrients in ways that alter succession, especially in the case of nitrogen (N) fixing trees, and it is not clear whether it is possible to reverse high soil N via management. In Hawaiʻi, forest restoration relies heavily on use of a native N-fixing tree, Acacia koa (koa), but this species increases soil available N and facilitates exotic pasture grasses. In contrast, Metrosideros polymorpha (‘ōhi‘a), the dominant native tree over most of the Hawaiian Islands, is rarely planted because it is slow growing yet it is associated with lower soil N and grass biomass, and greater native understory recruitment. We asked whether it is possible to reverse high soil N under koa by adding ‘ōhi‘a litter, and whether litter amendments could alter grass biomass and native understory survival. We initiated a grass removal/litter addition experiment adding 4 times the natural litterfall rate, and outplanted understory species into these same plots.
Native woody seedlings being planted under Acacia Koa trees (Photo: S. Yelenik).
Native woody seedlings being planted under Acacia Koa trees (Photo: S. Yelenik).

Map

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ScienceBase WMS

Communities

  • Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center
  • USGS Data Release Products

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Type Scheme Key
DOI https://www.sciencebase.gov/vocab/category/item/identifier doi:10.5066/P9XY3LLI

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