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Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.3 Transects with Short-Term Linear Regression Rate Calculations for the Exposed East Chukchi Sea coast of Alaska between the Point Barrow and Icy Cape

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
1979
End Date
2010

Citation

Gibbs, A.E., Ohman, K.A., Coppersmith, R., and Richmond, B.M., 2017, National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS compilation of updated vector shorelines and associated shoreline change data for the north coast of Alaska, U.S. Canadian border to Icy Cape: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/F72Z13N1.

Summary

This dataset consists of short-term (~31 years) shoreline change rates for the north coast of Alaska between the Point Barrow and Icy Cape. Rate calculations were computed within a GIS using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.3, an ArcGIS extension developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Short-term rates of shoreline change were calculated using a linear regression rate-of-change method based on available shoreline data between 1979 and 2010. A reference baseline was used as the originating point for the orthogonal transects cast by the DSAS software. The transects intersect each shoreline establishing measurement points, which are then used to calculate short-term rates.

Contacts

Attached Files

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Shapefile: EastChukchi_exposed_STlrr_rates.zip
EastChukchi_exposed_STlrr_rates.cpg 5 Bytes
EastChukchi_exposed_STlrr_rates.dbf 516.88 KB
EastChukchi_exposed_STlrr_rates.prj 145 Bytes
EastChukchi_exposed_STlrr_rates.sbn 14.2 KB
EastChukchi_exposed_STlrr_rates.sbx 452 Bytes
EastChukchi_exposed_STlrr_rates.shp 129.52 KB
EastChukchi_exposed_STlrr_rates.shx 11.86 KB

Purpose

The Arctic Coastal Plain of northern Alaska is an area of strategic economic importance to the United States, is home to remote Native American communities, and encompasses unique habitats of global significance. Coastal erosion along the north coast of Alaska is chronic, widespread, may be accelerating, and is threatening defense and energy-related infrastructure, natural shoreline habitats, and Native Alaskan communities. There is an increased demand for accurate information regarding past and present shoreline changes across the United States. To meet these national needs, the Coastal and Marine Geology Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is compiling existing reliable historical shoreline data along sandy shores of the conterminous United States and parts of Alaska and Hawaii under the National Assessment of Shoreline Change project. There is no widely accepted standard for analyzing shoreline change. Existing shoreline data measurements and rate calculation methods vary from study to study and prevent combining results into state-wide or regional assessments. The impetus behind the National Assessment project was to develop a standardized method of measuring changes in shoreline position that is consistent from coast to coast. The goal was to facilitate the process of periodically and systematically updating the results in an internally consistent manner.

Additional Information

Shapefile Extension

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