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Invasive Phragmites: Prevention, Monitoring, and Control Strategies in an Integrated Pest Management Framework


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Description of Work The invasive form of Phragmites australis (common reed) is a well-established pest in many parts of the Great Lakes and the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts, including designated Areas of Concern. New innovative control options that sustainably target the competitive advantage often enjoyed by Phragmites and other invasive plants will contribute to a broad Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy. This project targets the microorganisms that may help Phragmites spread and will employ a molecular genetic approach to silence the genes in Phragmites that give it a competitive edge over many native plants. This project helped build and will continue to be closely aligned with the Great Lakes Phragmites Collaborative [...]

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Phragmites continues to spread throughout the Great Lakes and have negative impacts on coastal resources including critical fish and wildlife habitat and coastal viewscapes. Current control strategies are time, labor, and resource intensive, so innovative methods to control the spread of Phragmites or minimize its invasive properties are needed. This study will test new strategies to reduce the invasive properties of Phragmites and minimize its competitive advantage. Results of this project will be used to guide future proposals focused on potential implementation strategies for using successful techniques to control the invasive Phragmites haplotype M. Results also will promote information sharing, technology transfer, management efficiency, and collaborations among those focused on Phragmites in the Great Lakes basin.

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