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Effects of salinity and temperature on drag reduction characteristics of polymers in straight circular pipes

Dates

Year
2009

Citation

Kamel, A., and Shah, S.N., 2009, Effects of salinity and temperature on drag reduction characteristics of polymers in straight circular pipes: Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, v. 67, iss. 1-2, p. 23-33.

Summary

We attempted a complete review of the empirical literature on effects of roads and traffic on animal abundance and distribution. We found 79 studies, with results for 131 species and 30 species groups. Overall, the number of documented negative effects of roads on animal abundance outnumbered the number of positive effects by a factor of 5; 114 responses were negative, 22 were positive, and 56 showed no effect. Amphibians and reptiles tended to show negative effects. Birds showed mainly negative or no effects, with a few positive effects for some small birds and for vultures. Small mammals generally showed either positive effects or no effect, mid-sized mammals showed either negative effects or no effect, and large mammals showed predominantly [...]

Contacts

Author :
Kamel, A., Shah, S.N.

Attached Files

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI WECC []
ISSN WECC 09204105

Citation Extension

citationTypeJournal Article
journalJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
parts
typePages
value23-33
typeVolume
value67
typeIssue
value1-2

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