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Sublethal effects of phenanthrene, nicotine, and pinane on Daphnia pulex

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Sublethal effects of phenanthrene, nicotine, and pinane on Daphnia pulex; 1989; Article; Journal; Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; Savino, Jacqueline F.; Tanabe, Lila L.

Summary

Chronic studies of Daphnia Pulex exposed to different concentrations of phenanthrene, nicotine, and pinane produced consistent sublethal effects among replicates and concentrations. The LOEC's for growth and fecundity with each chemical tested were 3 to 30% of the 48-hr EC50's. Growth decreased as concentration increased for each chemical tested, and fecundity approached zero at 2 to 5 times the LOEC for each chemical. In this study chemicals representing PAHs, heterocyclic nitrogen compounds, and cyclic alkanes, produced detectable sublethal effects in daphnids at less than 0.1 ppm in water. These chronic studies, in conjuction with the more extensive acute toxicity testing (Passino and Smith 1987; Perry and Smith 1988; Smith et al. [...]

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Harvested on Thu Mar 31 05:01:32 MDT 2016 from MODS XML Service

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Type Scheme Key
local-index unknown 1000570
local-pk unknown 1000570
doi http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/mods-outline-3-5.html#identifier doi:10.1007/BF01700403
series unknown Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

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citationTypeArticle
journalBulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
languageEnglish
parts
typevolume
value42
typeissue
value5

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