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Eric J Reiss

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As the urban landscape and municipal infrastructure in U.S. cities changes in response to socio-economic conditions, so does the manner in which water cycles through these cities. The modulation of hydrologic processes (e.g., runoff, infiltration, evapotranspiration) by land use and land cover has implications for resilience, sustainability, and optimizing municipal service functions. The U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, collaborated to address the question of how Legacy (standard) and recent (Urban Greening Program or "Green") vacant lots – each the product of a certain approach to the widespread practice of demolition – differ in terms of how...
The text file "Near_Surface_Soil_Hydrology_measurements.txt" contains discrete measurements of soil hydrologic characteristics including unsaturated hydraulic conductivity, saturated hydraulic conductivity, and soil penetrometer (compaction) measurements for selected deconstruction lot pairs and restored prairie in St. Louis, Missouri. Data were collected from August 28, 2019, through July 14, 2020. Data for matched and adjacent Legacy and Green deconstruction lots and restored prairie sample sites were collected on the same day to minimize temporal variability in site conditions.
The text file "Piezometer_time_series.txt" contains recorded observations of water levels and temperature for 16 piezometers installed in four deconstruction lot pairs. Water levels are presented as depth below the ground surface and as altitude above the National Vertical Datum of 1988. Lot pairs consisted of a Legacy deconstruction lot and an adjacent Green program deconstruction lot. There are four piezometers in each Legacy-Green lot pair. Both Legacy and Green lots had a shallow (6 or 6.5 foot) piezometer installed within the footprint of the deconstructed structure on the lot (piezometer 1) . The Legacy lots also had two piezometers installed outside of the structure footprint and included one shallow (6 foot;...
The text file "Soil_sample_analyses_1.txt" contains results of discrete soil samples (cores and surface samples) collected at selected vacant lot locations in St. Louis, Missouri, in November and December of 2018. Sample results include soil organic matter (SOM) weight loss, black carbon weight loss, inorganic carbon weight loss, soil organic matter in milligrams per gram (mg/g), black carbon in mg/g, and inorganic carbon in mg/g, and black carbon fraction in percent. Samples were analyzed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development using methods provided in Schifman and others (2018). References Cited: Schifman, L.A., Prues, A., Gilkey, K., and Shuster, W.D., 2018, Black carbon...
The text file "Soil_sample_analyses_2.txt" contains results of discrete soil samples (surface samples) collected at selected vacant lot locations in St. Louis, Missouri, in June and July of 2020. Soil samples were collected from 35 legacy or standard demolition lots and 35 Urban Greening Program (green) demolition lots. Soil samples also were collected at the restored Calvary Prairie in the Calvary Cemetery in St. Louis, Missouri. Sample results include soil particle size (percent sand, silt, clay) which indicates soil texture, soil organic matter in percent, total organic carbon, in percent; and total nitrogen, in percent. Samples were analyzed by the Kansas State University Soils Testing Laboratory, Manhattan,...
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